18-month BOLERO-2 data confirm Afinitor combined with exemestane delays time without tumor growth for women with HR+ advanced breast cancer Data highlighted by ASCO show twice as many Ph+ CML-CP patients achieved deeper levels of response with Tasigna compared to imatinib , Early data on pipeline compounds demonstrate potential in breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, NRAS-mutated melanoma and other solid tumors
Basel, May 31, 2012 - Novartis will showcase the clinical progress of multiple marketed and pipeline compounds with 160 abstracts at the 48th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO; June 1-5, Chicago) . These studies demonstrate key findings for Novartis compounds to address unmet treatment needs of patients with cancer and rare diseases.
"Among the data we will share at this year’s ASCO are results from our key products, Afinitor and Tasigna, which demonstrate the magnitude of benefit these treatments may provide for patients with some types of advanced breast cancer and chronic myeloid leukemia," said Hervé Hoppenot, President, Novartis Oncology. "In addition, we are seeing promising data from our early pipeline across multiple disease areas, including non-small cell lung cancer, multiple myeloma, NRAS-mutated melanoma and other solid tumors."
Updated data from BOLERO-2
An 18-month analysis from the Phase III BOLERO-2 study (
limus) (abstract #559; June 2, 8:00AM - 12:00PM) confirm that Afinitor (everolimus) plus exemestane, an aromatase inhibitor, more than doubled the time postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive (HR+) advanced breast cancer lived without tumor growth (progression-free survival; PFS).
The updated results show median PFS for everolimus plus exemestane was 7.8 months compared to 3.2 months with hormonal therapy alone (hazard ratio=0.45 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.36 to 0.54]; p<0.0001) by local investigator assessment and significantly reduced the risk of cancer progression by 55% versus exemestane alone. In addition, 32.2% of patients in the exemestane-only arm and 25.4% in the everolimus plus exemestane arm died. The overall survival data is not yet mature.
The most common adverse events in the everolimus arm (incidence >= 30%) were stomatitis, rash, fatigue, nausea, diarrhea and decreased appetite. The most common grade 3/4 adverse reactions (incidence >= 2%) were stomatitis, hyperglycemia, non-infectious pneumonitis, fatigue and diarrhea.
These results are supportive of previously presented data from BOLERO-2. Regulatory submissions for Afinitor in HR+ advanced breast cancer are currently under consideration with the US Food and Drug Administration and other health authorities worldwide.
Tasigna in Philadelphia chromosome-positive CML in chronic phase
Also featured at ASCO will be two Phase III studies from the ENEST (
rials) clinical research program, which demonstrate that twice as many adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (Ph+ CML) in chronic phase treated with Tasigna (nilotinib) achieved deeper levels of response compared to those treated with imatinib , . These findings were first presented at the 2011 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting and include:
ENESTnd 36-month update showed the superiority of Tasigna vs. imatinib for the treatment of patients with newly diagnosed chronic phase Ph+ CML, with 32% of patients reaching the deepest levels of response on Tasigna compared to 15% on imatinib (abstract #6509; June 1, 1:00PM - 5:00PM) .
ENESTcmr 12-month analysis demonstrated that switching patients with detectable Bcr-Abl transcripts from imatinib to Tasigna resulted in deeper molecular responses compared to those patients who remained on imatinib, with 23% of patients switched to Tasigna achieving undetectable levels of Bcr-Abl compared to 11% who continued on imatinib (abstract #6505; June 4, 9:30AM - 9:45AM) .
These data will also be presented at 17th Congress of the European Hematology Association (EHA), June 14-17 in Amsterdam.
Notable data on Novartis pipeline compounds
Early data on several Novartis pipeline compounds show promise for further research and development in areas of unmet medical needs and for targeted treatment approaches.
"Our strong pipeline data demonstrate the progress we are making to target new signaling pathways, including MEK, ALK, Hh and PI3K, that play a critical role in many types of cancers where there remain significant unmet medical needs," said Alessandro Riva, Global Head, Oncology Development & Medical Affairs, Novartis Oncology. "This is representative of our ongoing research using multiple strategies across a broad range of cancers and rare diseases."
BEZ235 - Phase I/Ib dose-escalation study of BEZ235 plus trastuzumab in patients with trastuzumab-resistant HER2+ metastatic breast cancer demonstrated an acceptable safety profile and established maximum tolerated dose (abstract #508; June 2, 1:30PM - 1:45PM) .
BKM120 - Phase Ib study of BKM120 with letrozolein patients with metastatic ER+/HER2- breast cancer (abstract #510; June 2, 2:15PM - 2:30PM) and a Phase Ib study of BKM120 in combination with the MEK inhibitor GSK1120212 in patients with advanced solid tumors showed positive safety results for these combinations. Signs of clinical activity were seen in patients with RAS/RAF-mutated tumors treated with BKM120 and GSK1120212 (abstract #3003; June 3, 10:45AM - 11:00AM) .
) study showed promise of LBH589 in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone to achieve overall responses and clinical benefit in patients with relapsed and bortezomib-refractory multiple myeloma (abstract #8012; June 3, 9:00AM - 9:15AM) .
LDE225 - A Phase I/II study demonstrated promising efficacy of LDE225 in pediatric patients with recurrent medulloblastoma and correlative analysis supports the use of the 5-gene hedgehog (Hh) assay as a pre-selection tool in future trials (abstract #9519; June 4, 12:00PM - 12:15PM) .
LDK378 - First-in-human Phase I study of LDK378 showed preliminary clinical response in patients with ALK-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (abstract #3007; June 3, 12:00PM - 12:15PM) .
MEK162 - Phase II study of MEK162 showed clinical activity in patients with BRAF and NRAS-mutated advanced melanoma. This is the first targeted therapy to show activity in patients with NRAS-mutated melanoma (abstract #8511; June 4, 3:45PM - 4:00PM) .
About Afinitor (everolimus)
Afinitor (everolimus) tablets is approved in more than 80 countries, including the United States and throughout the European Union, in the adult oncology settings of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) following progression on or after vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted therapy, and in the US and EU for locally advanced, metastatic or unresectable progressive neuroendocrine tumors of pancreatic origin (pNET).
Everolimus is also available from Novartis for use in non-oncology patient populations under the brand names Afinitor or Votubia , Certican and Zortress and is exclusively licensed to Abbott and sublicensed to Boston Scientific for use in drug-eluting stents.
Indications vary by country and not all indications are available in every country. The safety and efficacy profile of everolimus has not yet been established outside the approved indications. Because of the uncertainty of clinical trials, there is no guarantee that everolimus will become commercially available for additional indications anywhere else in the world.
AfinitorImportant Safety Information
Afinitor can cause serious side effects including lung or breathing problems, infections, and renal failure which can lead to death. Mouth ulcers and mouth sores are common side effects. Everolimus can affect blood cell counts, kidney and liver function, and blood sugar and cholesterol levels. Everolimus may cause fetal harm in pregnant women. Women taking everolimus should not breast feed.
The most common adverse drug reactions (incidence >=15%) are mouth ulcers, diarrhea, feeling weak or tired, skin problems (such as rash or acne), infections, nausea, swelling of extremities or other parts of the body, loss of appetite, headache, inflammation of lung tissue, abnormal taste, nose bleeds, inflammation of the lining of the digestive system, weight decreases and vomiting. The most common Grade 3-4 adverse drug reactions (incidence >=2%) are mouth ulcers, feeling tired, low white blood cells (a type of blood cell that fights infection), diarrhea, infections, inflammation of lung tissue, diabetes and amenorrhea. Cases of hepatitis B reactivation and blood clot in the lung and leg have been reported.
Please see full Prescribing Information.
About Tasigna (nilotinib)
Tasigna (nilotinib) is approved in more than 100 countries for the treatment of chronic phase and accelerated phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (Ph+ CML) in adult patients resistant or intolerant to at least one prior therapy, including imatinib, and/or for the treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed Ph+ CML in chronic phase. Take twice daily 12 hours apart. Do not take with food. No food to be consumed for 2 hours before or one hour after dosing. Avoid grapefruit juice and CYP3A4 inhibitors.
Tasigna Important Safety Information
Use with caution in patients with uncontrolled or significant cardiac disease and in patients who have or may develop prolongation of QTc. Low levels of potassium or magnesium must be corrected prior to Tasigna administration. Monitor closely for an effect on the QTc interval. Baseline ECG is recommended prior to initiating therapy and as clinically indicated. Uncommon cases (0.1 to 1%) of sudden death have been reported in clinical studies in patients with significant risk factors.
Use with caution in patients with liver impairment, with a history of pancreatitis and with total gastrectomy. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not use Tasigna. Tasigna may cause fetal harm in pregnant women. Women taking Tasigna should not breastfeed.
The most frequent Grade 3 or 4 adverse events are hematological (neutropenia and thrombocytopenia) which are generally reversible and usually managed by withholding Tasigna temporarily or dose reduction. Monitor blood counts regularly. Pancreatitis has been reported. The most frequent non-hematologic adverse events were rash, pruritus, nausea, fatigue, headache, alopecia, myalgia, constipation and diarrhea. Most of these adverse events were mild to moderate in severity.
Please see full Prescribing Information.
About Glivec (imatinib)*
Glivec (imatinib) is approved in more than 110 countries for the treatment of all phases of Ph+ CML, for the treatment of adult patients with KIT (CD117)-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) which cannot be surgically removed and/or have metastasized, and for the treatment of adult patients following complete surgical removal of KIT+ GIST. Take with food and a large glass of water.
Glivec Important Safety Information
Glivec can cause fetal harm in pregnant woman. Glivec has been associated with severe edema (swelling) and serious fluid retention. Cytopenias (anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia) are common, generally reversible and usually managed by withholding Glivec or dose reduction. Monitor blood counts regularly. Severe congestive heart failure and left ventricle dysfunction, severe liver problems including cases of fatal liver failure and severe liver injury requiring liver transplants have been reported. Use caution in patients with cardiac dysfunction and hepatic dysfunction. Monitor carefully.
Bleeding may occur. Severe gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding has been reported in patients with KIT+ GIST. Skin reactions, hypothyroidism in patients taking levothyroxine replacement, GI perforation, in some cases fatal and tumor lysis syndrome, which can be life threatening, have also been reported with Glivec. Correct dehydration and high uric acid levels prior to treatment. Long-term use may result in potential liver, kidney, and/or heart toxicities; immune system suppression may also result from long-term use. In patients with hypereosinophilic syndrome and heart involvement, cases of heart disease have been associated with the initiation of Glivec therapy. Growth retardation has been reported in children taking Glivec. The long-term effects of extended treatment with Glivec on growth in children are unknown.
The most common side effects include fluid retention, muscle cramps or pain and bone pain, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, decreased hemoglobin, abnormal bleeding, nausea, fatigue and rash.
Please see full Prescribing Information.
About LBH589, MEK162, BEZ235, BKM120, LDK378, LDE225
Because these are investigational compounds, the safety and efficacy profile of LBH589, MEK162, BEZ235, BKM120, LDK378 and LDE225 have not yet been established. Access to these investigational compounds is available only through carefully controlled and monitored clinical trials. These trials are designed to better understand the potential benefits and risks of the compound. Because of uncertainty of clinical trials, there is no guarantee that LBH589, MEK162, BEZ235, BKM120, LDK378 and LDE225 will ever be commercially available anywhere in the world.