news 2018


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Results 1 - 17 of 17.

Life Sciences
22.01.2018
Combination of Resistance Genes Offers Better Protection for Wheat against Powdery Mildew
Combination of Resistance Genes Offers Better Protection for Wheat against Powdery Mildew
A decent wheat harvest requires robust wheat. However, wheat crops are often infected by fungal diseases such as powdery mildew. For several years now, UZH researchers have been investigating a wheat gene that confers resistance to powdery mildew ( Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici ). The gene, called the Pm3 resistance gene, exists in different variations, so called alleles.
Life Sciences
18.01.2018
A new, dynamic view of chromatin movements
A new, dynamic view of chromatin movements
In cells, proteins tightly package the long thread of DNA into pearl necklace-like complexes known as chromatin.
Physics/Materials Science
17.01.2018
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
17.01.2018
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
17.01.2018
Bile acids fire up fat-burning
EPFL scientists have discovered a novel role for bile acids: converting energy-storing white fat depots into energy-expending beige fat. The study is published. Obesity arises from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. As a result, current treatments try to decrease calorie intake and/or increase energy expenditure.
Architecture - Computer Science/Telecom
15.01.2018
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Architecture
15.01.2018
Smart buildings that can manage our electricity needs
Smart buildings that can manage our electricity needs
Researchers at EPFL have developed a system that can be installed in a building to collect data on people's energy usage. The aim is then to send this data directly to a smart electric grid that will allocate resources optimally. A smart grid that decides how best to distribute energy based on availability, cost and customers' needs - that's the energy concept being developed by researchers in the School of Engineering's Electronics Laboratory.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
12.01.2018
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
11.01.2018
Extremely bright and fast light emission
Extremely bright and fast light emission
A type of quantum dot that has been intensively studied in recent years can reproduce light in every colour and is very bright. An international research team that includes scientists from ETH Zurich has now discovered why this is the case. The quantum dots could someday be used in light-emitting diodes.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
09.01.2018
Cluster of Resistant Tuberculosis Pathogen Discovered
Cluster of Resistant Tuberculosis Pathogen Discovered
Resistant tuberculosis pathogens are a regular part of the day-to-day business at the Swiss National Center for Mycobacteria (NZM) at the University of Zurich. And yet, the Mycobacterium tuberculosis found in a Somali asylum seeker in the refugee center in Chiasso in February 2016 was extraordinary: “These bacteria exhibited a new combination of resistance mutations against four different antibiotics that had never before been described,” says Peter Keller, Head of Diagnostics at NZM, who identified the germ.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
09.01.2018
New Biomarkers Predict Outcome of Cancer Immunotherapy
New Biomarkers Predict Outcome of Cancer Immunotherapy
Nowadays, melanoma and lung cancer can be combatted effectively through immunotherapy, which makes targeted use of the immune system's normal function of regularly examining the body's tissue for pathogens and damages. Specific inhibitors are used to activate immune cells in a way that makes them identify cancer cells as foreign bodies and eliminate them.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
08.01.2018
The salt water battery
The salt water battery
Water could form the basis for future particularly inexpensive rechargeable batteries. Empa researchers have succeeded in doubling the electrochemical stability of water with a special saline solution.
Architecture - Environment/Sustainable Development
08.01.2018
A small town affected by climate change
A small town affected by climate change
In the year 2100, temperatures at EPFL are expected to be similar to those currently experienced in Perugia, in central Italy.
Life Sciences
08.01.2018
Survival Strategy of Messenger RNAs During Cellular Sugar Shortage
Survival Strategy of Messenger RNAs During Cellular Sugar Shortage
If a cell runs low on sugar, it stores certain messenger RNAs in order to prolong its life. As a research group at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has now discovered, the protein Puf5p determines whether individual messenger RNAs will be stored or degraded when sugar levels are low. The study published in eLife shows that Puf5p therefore sends the messenger RNAs to a cell organelle where their fate is sealed.
Innovation/Technology - Computer Science/Telecom
05.01.2018
The strength of digitalisation and a strong community
The strength of digitalisation and a strong community
25 spin-offs were founded at ETH Zurich last year. This equals the previous year's record level for new ETH spin-offs.
Environment/Sustainable Development
04.01.2018
A thermometer for the oceans
A thermometer for the oceans
The average sea temperature is an essential parameter of the global climate - but it is very difficult to measure. At least until now, because an international team of researchers including Empa scientists have now developed a novel method using the concentration of noble gases in the eternal ice. This allows conclusions to be drawn on the changes in sea temperature from the last ice age to the present day, as the researchers report in the current issue of "Nature".
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
01.01.2018
Standardizing perovskite aging measurements
Standardizing perovskite aging measurements
EPFL scientists have produced a data-driven proposal for standardizing the measurements of perovskite solar cell stability and degradation. Published in Nature Energy , the work aims to create consensus in the field and overcome one of the major hurdles on the way to commercializing perovskite photovoltaics.