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Life Sciences - 03.09.2018
Like a zipper - How cells form new blood vessels
Like a zipper - How cells form new blood vessels
Blood vessel formation relies on the ability of vascular cells to move while remaining firmly connected to each other. This enables the vessels to grow and sprout without leaking any blood. In the current issue of 'Nature Communications', scientists from the Biozentrum at the University of Basel describe how this works.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.08.2018
Eating less is healthy thanks to gut bacteria
Eating less is healthy thanks to gut bacteria
Mice with a lower calorie intake live longer and are both healthier and leaner. A team of researchers may have found the reason for this positive effect: much of it is down to gut microbial communities and how they affect the immune system. The researchers also found compounds that mimic caloric restriction and may transform obesity treatments.

Environment - 30.08.2018
Long-term measurements in rivers demonstrate even the smallest changes
Long-term measurements in rivers demonstrate even the smallest changes
A long-term study of Switzerland's major watercourses has been continuing for almost 45 years. An evaluation of the time series shows that as the climate is changing, so are geochemical processes. Most of the measuring stations show an increase in the concentrations of bicarbonate. The changes are caused by increases in temperatures, the presence of nutrients in the lakes and the acidity of the soil.

Pharmacology - Health - 30.08.2018
Positive phase III results for Roche’s Hemlibra for haemophilia A without factor VIII inhibitors published in New England Journal of Medicine
Hemlibra prophylaxis significantly reduced bleeds compared to no prophylaxis Hemlibra is the first medicine to demonstrate superior efficacy to prior factor VIII prophylaxis based on a statistically significant reduction in treated bleeds in an intra-patient comparison Hemlibra is currently under Priority Review by the FDA for people with haemophilia A without factor VIII inhibitors Roche today announced that pivotal data from the phase III HAVE

Life Sciences - 29.08.2018
Regenerating nerve fibers across spinal cord injury
Regenerating nerve fibers across spinal cord injury
Scientists have designed a three-stepped recipe for regenerating electro-physiologically active nerve fibers across complete spinal cord lesions in rodents. Rehabilitation is still required to make these new nerve fibers functional for walking. The results appear in today's issue of Nature. The adult mammalian body has an incredible ability to heal itself in response to injury.

Environment - Life Sciences - 29.08.2018
How the forest copes with the summer heat
How the forest copes with the summer heat
Between April and August this year, Switzerland and central Europe have experienced the driest summer season since 1864. Especially the forest seems to suffer from this dry spell: As early as August, trees began to turn brown this year. A current study by the University of Basel indicates now that native forest trees can cope much better with the drought than previously expected.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 29.08.2018
Tough nuts, cracked intelligently
Tough nuts, cracked intelligently
Welding, printing, crushing concrete - an Empa team monitors noisy processes with the help of artificial intelligence. This way you can literally hear production errors and imminent accidents. Kilian Wasmer from the Empa lab for Advanced Materials Processing in Thun keeps shaking his head while speaking, as if he can't believe the success story himself.

Health - 29.08.2018
New Findings about Diagnostic Tools for Malaria Elimination
New Findings about Diagnostic Tools for Malaria Elimination
Together with international partners, Swiss TPH conducted a study to assess multiple diagnostic tests intended to support malaria elimination. Results published yesterday in The Lancet Infectious Diseases found that rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) including a novel ultra-sensitive RDT, cannot replace molecular diagnostic tests to identify potential malaria transmitters.

Physics - 29.08.2018
AWAKE achieves first ever acceleration of electrons in a proton-driven plasma wave
AWAKE achieves first ever acceleration of electrons in a proton-driven plasma wave
Geneva, 29 August 2018. In a paper published today in the journal Nature , the AWAKE collaboration at CERN reports the first ever successful acceleration of electrons using a wave generated by protons zipping through a plasma. The acceleration obtained over a given distance is already several times higher than that of conventional technologies currently available for particle accelerators.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.08.2018
Protein Modifications that Point to Cancer
Protein Modifications that Point to Cancer
Researchers from the University of Zurich can, for the first time, precisely characterize the protein modification ADP-ribosylation for all proteins in a tissue sample. The changes, which are a typical reaction to stress, provide information about the condition of a cell. Together with the University Hospital Zurich, they are now testing the new method to diagnose and treat cancer.

Environment - Chemistry - 28.08.2018
Reading signs from the past
Reading signs from the past
When water samples are analysed with a mass spectrometer, peaks of compounds appear that are completely unknown, or that weren't being looked for. If these compounds prove subsequently to be of interest to environmental researchers, evidence of their presence can be retrieved from the archived measurements.

Physics - 28.08.2018
Long-sought decay of Higgs boson observed
Long-sought decay of Higgs boson observed
Geneva, 28 August. Six years after its discovery, the Higgs boson has at last been observed decaying to fundamental particles known as bottom quarks. The finding, presented today at CERN 1 by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), is consistent with the hypothesis that the all-pervading quantum field behind the Higgs boson also gives mass to the bottom quark.

Astronomy / Space Science - Administration - 27.08.2018
Jupiter had growth disorders
Jupiter had growth disorders
How Jupiter was formed? Data collected from meteorites had indicated that the growth of the giant planet had been delayed for two million years. Now the researchers have found an explanation: Collisions with kilometer-sized blocks generated high energy, which meant that in this phase hardly any accretion of gas could take place and the planet could only grow slowly.

Physics - Materials Science - 27.08.2018
New mechanism of electron spin relaxation observed
New mechanism of electron spin relaxation observed
Physicists at the University of Basel are working on using the spin of an electron confined in a semiconductor nanostructure as a unit of information for future quantum computers. For the first time, they have now been able to experimentally demonstrate a mechanism of electron spin relaxation that was predicted 15 years ago.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.08.2018
Cichlids: watching speciation in real time
Cichlids: watching speciation in real time
Cichlids belong to one of the largest fish families, with new species emerging all the time. These colourful, shimmering fish evolve so fast that Eawag researchers have now been able to practically observe them in the process of their evolution. Within the space of several thousand years, one cichlid can evolve into hundreds of different species.

Health - Microtechnics - 24.08.2018
An avatar uses your gait to predict how many calories you will burn
An avatar uses your gait to predict how many calories you will burn
New avatar-based software developed at EPFL looks at how people walk in order to predict their energy expenditure. The software, originally intended for roboticists and for researchers who develop prosthetics and exoskeletons, could have many uses in both medicine and sports. It can be tested online through a downloadable app.

Astronomy / Space Science - 23.08.2018
New comet models thanks to
New comet models thanks to "Chury" data
The MiARD project (Multi-instrument Analysis of Rosetta Data) was a 30-month international research project led by the University of Bern to make the best use of the vast amount of data produced by the Rosetta mission. The most important results, models and an artistic project on MiARD have now been presented.

Health - 23.08.2018
Increased phosphate intake elevates blood pressure in healthy adults
Increased phosphate intake elevates blood pressure in healthy adults
If more phosphate is consumed with food, blood pressure and pulse rate increase in healthy young adults. These findings were shown by a study led by the University of Basel and published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. They make processed cheese spreadable, prevent coffee from clumping and help preserve many meat products: phosphates are a common additive in industrially produced foodstuffs.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 23.08.2018
Iron and titanium discovered in the atmosphere of an exoplanet
Iron and titanium discovered in the atmosphere of an exoplanet
For the first time, researchers of the universities of Bern and Geneva have proven the presence of iron and titanium in the atmosphere of an exoplanet. The existence of these elements in gas form was theoretically predicted by a team led by the Bernese astronomer Kevin Heng and has now been confirmed by Geneva-based astronomers.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.08.2018
Dominant men make decisions faster
Dominant men make decisions faster
Men who exhibit high social dominance make faster decisions than low-dominance men even outside a social context, finds a large behavioral study from EPFL. Hierarchies exist across all human and animal societies, organized by what behavioral scientists refer to as dominance. Dominant individuals tend to climb higher up the hierarchy ladder of their particular society, earning priority access to resources.
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