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Materials Science - Health - 07.08.2020
A titanate nanowire mask that can eliminate pathogens
A titanate nanowire mask that can eliminate pathogens
Filter "paper" made from titanium oxide nanowires is capable of trapping pathogens and destroying them with light. This discovery by an EPFL laboratory could be put to use in personal protective equipment, as well as in ventilation and air conditioning systems. As part of attempts to curtail the Covid-19 pandemic, paper masks are increasingly being made mandatory.

Life Sciences - Paleontology - 06.08.2020
Long Neck Helped Reptile Hunt Underwater
Long Neck Helped Reptile Hunt Underwater
Its neck was three times as long as its torso, but had only thirteen extremely elongated vertebrae: "Tanystropheus", a bizarre giraffe-necked reptile which lived 242 million years ago, is a paleontological absurdity. A new study led by the University of Zurich has now shown that the creature lived in water and was surprisingly adaptable.

Physics - Electroengineering - 06.08.2020
Efficient valves for electron spins
Efficient valves for electron spins
Researchers at the University of Basel in collaboration with colleagues from Pisa have developed a new concept that uses the electron spin to switch an electrical current. In addition to fundamental research, such spin valves are also the key elements in spintronics - a type of electronics that exploits the spin instead of the charge of electrons.

Health - Mathematics - 06.08.2020
Mathematical program helps perform more efficient radiosurgery
Mathematical program helps perform more efficient radiosurgery
Engineers at EPFL and local startup Intuitive Therapeutics have developed software that can produce optimized surgical plans for Gamma Knife radiosurgery. Doctors at the Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) began using the software in July. Radiosurgery is a kind of radiotherapy where doctors administer a high dose of radiation to diseased tissue with extreme precision, and in one go rather than over several sessions.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.08.2020
REM sleep tunes eating behaviour
REM sleep tunes eating behaviour
Despite our broad understanding of the different brain regions activated during rapid-eye-movement sleep, little is known about what this activity serves for. Researchers at the University of Bern and the Inselspital have now discovered that the activation of neurons in the hypothalamus during REM sleep regulates eating behaviour: suppressing this activity in mice decreases appetite.

Health - Mathematics - 06.08.2020
Mathematical program helps doctors perform more efficient radiosurger
Mathematical program helps doctors perform more efficient radiosurger
Engineers at EPFL and local startup Intuitive Therapeutics have developed software that can produce optimized surgical plans for Gamma Knife radiosurgery. Doctors at the Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV) began using the software in July. Radiosurgery is a kind of radiotherapy where doctors administer a high dose of radiation to diseased tissue with extreme precision, and in one go rather than over several sessions.

Environment - 05.08.2020
New Guinea Has the World's Richest Island Flora
New Guinea Has the World’s Richest Island Flora
New Guinea is the most floristically diverse island in the world, an international collaboration led by the University of Zurich has shown. The study presents a list of almost 14,000 plant species, compiled from online catalogues and verified by plant experts. The results are invaluable for research and conservation, and also underline the importance of expert knowledge in the digital era.

Life Sciences - 05.08.2020
Autism: How a gene alteration modifies social behavior
Autism: How a gene alteration modifies social behavior
A team of researchers at the Biozentrum, University of Basel, has discovered a new connection between a genetic alteration and social difficulties related to autism: A mutation in the neuroligin-3 gene reduces the effect of the hormone oxytocin. In the journal -Nature-, the researchers report on a treatment approach that could normalize social behavior in autism.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.08.2020
Discovery shows promise for treating Huntington's Disease
Scientists at EPFL's Brain Mind Institute have identified an enzyme that can play a central role in developing a new route of treatment for Huntington's Disease. Huntington disease is a progressive and aggressively debilitating brain disorder that causes uncontrolled movements, psychological problems, and loss of cognition.

Health - 05.08.2020
Acetate regulates immune cells for a precisely orchestrated immune defense
Acetate regulates immune cells for a precisely orchestrated immune defense
The concentration of acetate increases particularly sharply at the site of an infection in the body. As reported in the journal Cell Metabolism by a team of researchers from the University of Basel and colleagues, acetate supports the function of certain immune cells and thus helps to eliminate pathogens safely and efficiently.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 04.08.2020
Blood-thinner with no bleeding side-effects is here
Blood-thinner with no bleeding side-effects is here
In a study led by EPFL, scientists have developed a synthetic blood-thinner that, unlike all others, doesn't cause bleeding side-effects. The highly potent, highly selective, and highly stable molecule can suppress thrombosis while letting blood clot normally following injury. Patients who suffer from thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or stroke are usually put on drugs that help their blood flow more smoothly through their body.

Life Sciences - Materials Science - 04.08.2020
Cells relax their membrane to control protein sorting
Cells relax their membrane to control protein sorting
Researchers have succeeded in measuring the tension of the membrane of an organelle forming inside a cell. The tension in the outer membrane of cells plays an important role in a number of biological processes. A localised drop in tension, for example, makes it easier for the surface to be bending inward and form invaginations that will become free vesicles inside the cell.

Physics - 03.08.2020
CERN experiments announce first indications of a rare Higgs boson process
CERN experiments announce first indications of a rare Higgs boson process
Geneva. At the 40th ICHEP conference , the ATLAS and CMS experiments announced new results which show that the Higgs boson decays into two muons. The muon is a heavier copy of the electron, one of the elementary particles that constitute the matter content of the Universe. While electrons are classified as a first-generation particle, muons belong to the second generation.

Materials Science - Physics - 03.08.2020
Using viscous metals in micro fibers
Using viscous metals in micro fibers
Scientists have developed the first micro-structured fibers with a viscous metal inside - a perfect example of what cross-disciplinary teamwork can achieve. Platinum, copper, nickel and phosphorous - those are the components of an amorphous metal alloy with excellent mechanical properties. The alloy is also very corrosion-resistant and attract much interest in watchmaking and micromechanics.

Pharmacology - Chemistry - 31.07.2020
Towards faster drug design
Towards faster drug design
A powerful new computational tool to identify the most promising pharmacological compounds and thus allow a much faster "screening". That is what has been developed thanks to the research carried out by Prof. Vittorio Limongelli's group of USI Faculty of Biomedical Sciences in collaboration with Prof. Siewert Marrink's group of University of Groningen (Netherlands).

Innovation - Computer Science - 31.07.2020
New high-capacity embedded memories use half as much silicon
New high-capacity embedded memories use half as much silicon
Researchers at EPFL and Bar Ilan University have developed a new type of embedded memory that takes up half as much space as traditional memory - and uses less energy - to store a given amount of data. The technology is being marketed through a new spin-off called RAAAM. Embedded memories play a crucial role in running our digital devices, from computers and smartphones all the way to the internet of things and entire telecom networks.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.07.2020
Rapid test for the determination of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2
Rapid test for the determination of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2
A Swiss-German team presents a test that determines the amount of neutralising antibodies within a short period of time. The test was developed at the Institute of Virology and Immunology (IVI) of the University of Bern and the Swiss Federal Office for Food Safety and Animal Health, and evaluated in cooperation with colleagues from the Ruhr-University Bochum using serum samples from COVID-19 patients.

Career - 30.07.2020
Does the Queen Bee phenomenon still exist in Academia?
Successful women in male-dominated contexts don't always support women in early career stages. An international team of scientists show that this phenomenon is linked to the difficulties they encounter in the workplace. Fifteen years ago, a set of studies documented that female professors were more likely than their male counterparts to express stereotyped views of female PhD candidates and to describe themselves in stereotypically masculine terms.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.07.2020
New approach for targeted cancer immunotherapy
New approach for targeted cancer immunotherapy
A new study from researchers at the University of Basel demonstrates that a novel cancer immunotherapy, based on a locally focused activation of immune cells, could help to more efficiently eradicate tumor cells and reduce side effects. Cancer immunotherapies make use of the ability of the immune system to attack cancer cells: they unleash the killer function of T cells, which then attack and eradicate the cancer cells.

Health - 29.07.2020
Relatively High-Quality Reporting on Coronavirus Pandemic
Relatively High-Quality Reporting on Coronavirus Pandemic
In times of crisis, the media plays a particularly important role. Reporting was of a relatively high quality during the coronavirus pandemic, a study by the University of Zurich has shown. Some deficits, however, were found in the use of figures and statistics. In addition, many media outlets were not critical enough during the sensitive phase before the lockdown.
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