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Results 61 - 80 of 87.


Environment - 19.01.2024
More clutter for more biodiversity
More clutter for more biodiversity
It may look chaotic, but deadwood in the forest does have a function. It has a decisive influence on biodiversity. Researcher Elena Haeler has shown in a study that not only the quantity but also the distribution of deadwood in the habitat plays an important role . Until now, research into deadwood has mainly focused on the amount of wood present.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.01.2024
A virus that kills sleeping bacteria
A virus that kills sleeping bacteria
Researchers have found a virus that kills dormant bacteria. This rare discovery could help to combat germs that can't be treated with antibiotics alone. In nature, most bacteria live on the bare minimum. If they experience nutrient deficiency or stress, they shut down their metabolism in a controlled manner and go into a resting state.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.01.2024
The role of altered blood vessels in brain tumors
The role of altered blood vessels in brain tumors
In a recent research, scientists have revealed new insights into the complex network of blood vessels in brain metastases, which were not well understood before. They've emphasized a significant increase in a molecule called CD276, known for its role in immune regulation. What's promising is that experimental antibodies targeting CD276 have shown positive results in early trials, suggesting a potential breakthrough in treatment approaches.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 18.01.2024
Moon rocks with unique dust found
Moon rocks with unique dust found
A research team from the University of Münster has discovered for the first time meter-sized rocks on the surface of the moon that are covered in dust and presumably have unique properties - magnetic anomalies, for example. The findings help to understand the processes that form and change the lunar crust.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.01.2024
Nanopores and deep learning change disease diagnostics
Nanopores and deep learning change disease diagnostics
Scientists unveil a groundbreaking method using biological nanopores and deep learning to detect protein modifications, offering new avenues in disease diagnostics. Proteins, the workhorses of the cell, undergo various modifications after their synthesis. Because they can profoundly affect how a protein operates in the cell, these "post-translational modifications", or PTMs, are key in numerous biological processes.

Pharmacology - Economics - 18.01.2024
A navigation system to combat bottlenecks in medication supply
A navigation system to combat bottlenecks in medication supply
A new model designed by researchers measures how flexible medication distribution systems are in real time. It shows that supply shortages can be eased if pharmaceutical wholesalers coordinate their inventories and reroute scarce products as flexibly as possible along existing supply chains. Supply bottlenecks for medications present major challenges to healthcare systems the world over.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.01.2024
Complement System Causes Cell Damage in Long Covid
Medicine Long Covid patients suffer from chronic symptoms such as fatigue or shortness of breath. As researchers at the University of Zurich and University Hospital Zurich have discovered, this is to some extent due to a part of our immune system called the complement system. The study identified a pattern in the blood proteins that will improve the diagnosis and perhaps also the targeted treatment of Long Covid.

Physics - 17.01.2024
Mass-producible miniature quantum memory
Mass-producible miniature quantum memory
Researchers at the University of Basel have built a quantum memory element based on atoms in a tiny glass cell. In the future, such quantum memories could be mass-produced on a wafer. It is hard to imagine our lives without networks such as the internet or mobile phone networks. In the future, similar networks are planned for quantum technologies that will enable the tap-proof transmission of messages using quantum cryptography and make it possible to connect quantum computers to each other.

Health - Materials Science - 16.01.2024
Soldering wounds with light and nano thermometers
Soldering wounds with light and nano thermometers
Not every wound can be closed with needle and thread. researchers have now developed a soldering process with nanoparticles that gently fuses tissue. The soldering technique is expected to prevent wound healing disorders and life-threatening complications from leaking sutures. The team recently published the promising method in the journal Small Methods and applied for a patent.

Computer Science - Environment - 16.01.2024
AI program classifies objects in satellite images faster
An AI program can train neural networks, using just a handful of images, to rapidly characterize in satellite and drone data new objects like ocean debris, deforestation zones, urban areas and more. Images taken by drones and satellites give scientists a wealth of information. These snapshots provide crucial insight into the changes taking place on the Earth's surface, such as in animal populations, vegetation, debris floating on the ocean surface and glacier coverage.

Environment - Life Sciences - 15.01.2024
Monitoring of genetic diversity is insufficient
Monitoring of genetic diversity is insufficient
Genetic diversity plays a critical role in enabling species to adapt to climate change. An international study, jointly conducted with the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), indicates that ongoing endeavors to monitor genetic diversity in Europe are inadequate and incomplete.

Environment - 15.01.2024
Brumadinho dam collapse: The danger emerged after the decommissioning
Brumadinho dam collapse: The danger emerged after the decommissioning
In 2019, the tailings dam at a Brazilian iron ore mine failed. The mudslide caused a catastrophe for people and the environment. A team of researchers at ETH Zurich has now uncovered the physical mechanism that may have triggered the accident. The disaster near the small town of Brumadinho in southeastern Brazil occurred shortly after midday: on 25 January 2019, at a nearby iron ore mine, the tailings dam - a storage area for the sludgy, fine-grained residues from ore processing, or "tailings" - collapsed.

Physics - Computer Science - 15.01.2024
Bridging light and electrons
Bridging light and electrons
Researchers at EPFL and Max Plank have merged nonlinear optics with electron microscopy, unlocking new capabilities in material studies and the control of electron beams. When light goes through a material, it often behaves in unpredictable ways. This phenomenon is the subject of an entire field of study called "nonlinear optics", which is now integral to technological and scientific advances from laser development and optical frequency metrology, to gravitational wave astronomy and quantum information science.

Environment - Chemistry - 12.01.2024
Capturing greenhouse gases with the help of light
Capturing greenhouse gases with the help of light
Researchers at ETH Zurich are developing a new method to remove CO2 from the atmosphere. It involves molecules that become acidic when exposed to light. Their new process requires much less energy than conventional technologies. If we want to slow down global warming, we need to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Microtechnics - Computer Science - 11.01.2024
Robots improve hearing aids
Robots improve hearing aids
It is extremely time-consuming to measure how sound behaves in a room. The Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts and the hearing aid manufacturer Sonova have therefore developed robots that can take over this task. This serves to improve hearing aids in rooms with a lot of background noise.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.01.2024
Laser additive manufacturing: listening for defects as they happen
Laser additive manufacturing: listening for defects as they happen
Researchers from EPFL have resolved a long-standing debate surrounding laser additive manufacturing processes with a pioneering approach to defect detection. The progression of laser additive manufacturing - which involves 3D printing of metallic objects using powders and lasers - has often been hindered by unexpected defects.

Campus - Health - 11.01.2024
How does social attention develop in autistic children?
A team from the University of Geneva shows how visual social skills develop in a unique way in children with autistic disorders. As they grow, children increasingly focus their attention on social elements in their environment, such as faces or social interactions. However, children with autism are often more interested in non-social stimuli, such as textures or geometric shapes.

Social Sciences - 10.01.2024
How accommodation in host families works
How accommodation in host families works
People in Switzerland have generously offered private accommodation for refugees from Ukraine as a result of the Russian war of aggression. The host families provide important support for the refugees' arrival and promote integration, provided the conditions for successful integration are met. These are the findings of a new study by Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH), Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts (HSLU) and Swiss Refugee Council (SFH).

Pharmacology - Health - 09.01.2024
Oral peptides: A new era in drug development
Oral peptides: A new era in drug development
Scientists at EPFL have developed stable orally available cyclic peptides with a much higher bioavailability than current ones, virtually creating a generation of drugs that can target previously untreatable diseases like certain types of cancer. For decades, a substantial number of proteins, vital for treating various diseases, have remained elusive to oral drug therapy.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.01.2024
Linking rare and common diseases
Linking rare and common diseases
A study conducted at the University of Lausanne and the SIB has demonstrated that a little-studied category of genetic variants, generally associated with serious rare diseases, also influences the risk of more common diseases in the general population. Their results, published in the January 8, 2024 issue of the journal "Genome Medicine", are promising for the development of personalized medicine.



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