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Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 12.07.2018
New control of cell division discovered
New control of cell division discovered
When a cell divides, its constituents are usually evenly distributed among the daughter cells. UZH researchers have now identified an enzyme that guarantees that cell constituents that are concentrated in organelles without a membrane are properly distributed. Their discovery opens up new opportunities for the treatment of cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, aging processes and viral infections.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 11.07.2018
Measuring the Effects of Drugs on Cancer Cells
Measuring the Effects of Drugs on Cancer Cells
A new approach established at the University of Zurich sheds light on the effects of anti-cancer drugs and the defense mechanisms of cancer cells. The method makes it possible to quickly test various drugs and treatment combinations at the cellular level. Cancer cells are cells over which the human body has lost control.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 10.07.2018
Every Person Has a Unique Brain Anatomy
Every Person Has a Unique Brain Anatomy
Like with fingerprints, no two people have the same brain anatomy, a study by researchers of the University of Zurich has shown. This uniqueness is the result of a combination of genetic factors and individual life experiences. The fingerprint is unique in every individual: As no two fingerprints are the same, they have become the go-to method of identity verification for police, immigration authorities and smartphone producers alike.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 09.07.2018
Smart Nanoparticles keep immunotherapy focused on cancer
Smart Nanoparticles keep immunotherapy focused on cancer
MIT and EPFL researchers have developed a highly targeted and non-toxic method for battling cancer through immunotherapy. Their nanoparticle gel acts only on immune cells surrounding the tumor, without affecting the rest of the body. Immunotherapy is a highly promising and innovative approach to battling cancer that works by enlisting the body's natural defenses to attack cancer cells.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 09.07.2018
Identification of a new cell type regulating antibody responses
Identification of a new cell type regulating antibody responses
Identification of a new cell type regulating antibody responses A study by the research group of Prof. Sanjiv Luther at the Department of Biochemistry has identified a new fibroblast cell type

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 09.07.2018
Fight against viruses: The origin of specific immune cells revealed
Fight against viruses: The origin of specific immune cells revealed
Within the immune system, so called plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play a relevant role in the protection against viral infections. However, pDCs have also been associated with auto immune syndromes. In the current , a research team of the University of Basel could finally solve the puzzle about of their origin.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Chemistry - 04.07.2018
New small molecules for the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases
New small molecules for the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases
EPFL scientists have discovered two small-molecule compound series that can effectively block a central pathway of the innate immune system, offering a promising new way for treating autoinflammatory diseases. The innate immune system is the first line of defense, with cells that quickly identify "foreign" motifs from viruses and bacteria and mount up a counterattack to eliminate them.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 03.07.2018
Dust is in the air
Dust is in the air
Current legal limits for fine dust in the air are based on the mass and size of the particles. For health effects, however, not only the amount of dust is decisive, but also its chemical composition. Empa researchers have now compared the noxious potential of particulate matter in Switzerland and in China.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 02.07.2018
Loss of Cilia Leads to Melanoma
Melanomas are one of the most aggressive types of tumors in humans. Despite remarkable success with new forms of treatment such as immunotherapies, there are still many melanoma patients who cannot be cured or who later suffer a recurrence of the disease following successful treatment. An in-depth understanding of the tumor's biology is thus essential for developing novel therapeutic approaches.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 28.06.2018
Blood Pressure Medication can be detrimental in Old Age
Blood Pressure Medication can be detrimental in Old Age
Old and frail patients have an increased mortality risk and increased memory problems when their blood pressure is lowered too much through medication. This is what has been discovered by researchers in a large-scale study - thus relativising the official recommendations for antihypertensive medications.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.06.2018
Tracking cancer-cell development with
Tracking cancer-cell development with "drinkable" electronic sensors
Thanks to an unorthodox approach being proposed by EPFL researchers, patients may soon be able to track their illness simply by drinking a solution containing millions of tiny electronic sensors disguised as bacteria. Imagine being able to track the development of diseased cells in real time, simply by having patients drink a glass of water containing millions of tiny electronic biosensors.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
Fat cells control fat cell growth
Fat cells control fat cell growth
Researchers from ETH Zurich and EPFL have discovered a new type of fat cell that suppresses the growth of new fat cells. This opens up new avenues for preventing obesity-related diseases. Obesity is the plague of our times. Some 80 percent of obese people will develop Type 2 diabetes at some point in their lives, and being overweight is also a significant risk factor for cancer and heart attacks.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
The cells that control the formation of fat
The cells that control the formation of fat
A study led by researchers in Switzerland has revealed a new cell type that resides in the body's fat depots where it can actively suppress fat cell formation. This discovery was made using single-cell transcriptomics and opens entirely new avenues to combat obesity and related diseases such as diabetes.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
A dual-therapy approach to boost motor recovery after a stroke
A dual-therapy approach to boost motor recovery after a stroke
EPFL scientists have shown that combining a brain-computer interface (BCI) with functional electrical stimulation (FES) can help stroke victims recover greater use of their paralyzed arm - even years after the stroke. Paralysis of an arm and/or leg is one of the most common effects of a stroke.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 15.06.2018
The neurons that rewrite traumatic memories
Neuroscientists at EPFL have located the cells that help reprogram long-lasting memories of traumatic experiences towards safety, a first in neuroscience. Memories of traumatic experiences can lead to mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can destroy a person's life.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 13.06.2018
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Scientists from EPFL and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have carried out one of the most extensive lipidomics studies to date, connecting almost 150 different lipid species to their respective genetic regulators, revealing signatures of metabolic health and disease. Published in two papers in Cell Systems, the study is a landmark for metabolic health science.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 12.06.2018
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Doctors are increasingly fighting cancer by stimulating patients' immune systems. SNSF-supported researchers have now discovered a method for predicting the likelihood of treatment success. Immunotherapy changes a patient's immune system to allow it to attack cancer cells and either destroy them or at least keep them from growing.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 11.06.2018
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
Until now, it was thought that multiple brain areas were needed to control sleep and wakefulness. Neuroscientists from Bern have now identified one single control center for the sleep-wake cycle in the brain. The findings are of great importance for finding new sleep therapies. Every night we spend several hours asleep and every morning we awaken to go about our lives.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 06.06.2018
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
The human intestine constantly renews itself. Alone in the colon - the last 1.5 meters of the gastrointestinal tract - 10 billion epithelial cells are replaced each day. The intestinal epithelium is the layer of cells that forms the lining of both the small and large intestine and is responsible for absorbing nutrients.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Transport - 05.06.2018
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Researchers compared the geographical distribution of nearly 3,700 Lausanne residents suffering from daytime sleepiness with the noise caused by road and railway traffic in those parts of the city at night. They found a clear correlation between the amount of sleepiness reported by residents and the level of nighttime noise in their neighborhoods.
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