Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss
Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss - Regione di Zurigo
OperationCenter 1 Frachtstraße, 8058 Zürich
Affiliazione: Swiss Confederation
Research and development at MeteoSwissAs Switzerland’s national weather service, MeteoSwiss has the task to reliably define and forecast the weather and climate of the Swiss plateau as well as of the country’s mountainous regions. Over the past few decades, much progress has been achieved in the area of atmospheric observation and meteorological forecasting: difficult-to-access regions can now be monitored by means of remote sensing while weather forecasts can be made over a longer period of time with a greater level of precision. We now not only speak of weather forecasts but also of climate forecasts. However, the goal is far from being reached: complete and errorless observations as well as perfect forecasts remain a vision. Even with increasingly high-performance computers available to calculate more and more complex models, meteorological research constantly faces new challenges. Furthermore, the alpine region poses additional challenges to meteorological research:
- It acts as a ’natural barrier’ on which larger-scale weather systems can be deflected, modified or even newly built. Local phenomena, such as the Föhn, are entirely triggered by the presence of the Alps and are correspondingly difficult to predict.
- In addition, the sensitive and complex nature of this region makes it very susceptible to the effects of short-term extreme weather events and long-term changes, such as climate warming, with outcomes varying greatly from one place to another.