Medicine Apr 20
Analyses of the EXPAND study showed that siponimod (BAF312) reduced the risk of disability progression largely disassociated from relapses in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) -   In EXPAND, siponimod also had a meaningful benefit on patients' cognitive processing speed -   Findings add to clinical evidence for siponi
Social Sciences Apr 19

Algorithms are used to personalize our newsfeed on social media. But the risk is that the points of view we are presented with become increasingly limited and extreme.

Medicine Apr 16
Medicine

Swiss TPH researchers were able to show high efficacy of a triple drug therapy against hookworm and whipworm in a clinical trial in school-aged children in Lao PDR.

Astronomy Apr 17
Astronomy

Using transmission electron microscopy, EPFL scientists have examined a slice from a meteorite that contains large diamonds formed at high pressure.

Physics Apr 13
Physics

A team including physicists from the University of Basel has succeeded in using atomic force microscopy to clearly obtain images of individual impurity atoms in graphene ribbons.


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Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.04.2018
New Novartis analyses at AAN show siponimod’s efficacy on disability and cognition in secondary progressive MS patients
Analyses of the EXPAND study showed that siponimod (BAF312) reduced the risk of disability progression largely disassociated from relapses in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS)   In EXPAND, siponimod also had a meaningful benefit on patients' cognitive processing speed   Findings add to clinical evidence for siponimod in SPMS, an area with a high unmet need for well-tolerated and effective new therapies - Novartis toda
Social Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
19.04.2018
When our view of the world is distorted by algorithms
Algorithms are used to personalize our newsfeed on social media. But the risk is that the points of view we are presented with become increasingly limited and extreme. EPFL researchers have developed a solution that would make users' personalized content more balanced, and their project has already generated interest among human rights campaigners.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
17.04.2018
Meteorite diamonds tell of a lost planet
Meteorite diamonds tell of a lost planet
Using transmission electron microscopy, EPFL scientists have examined a slice from a meteorite that contains large diamonds formed at high pressure. The study shows that the parent body from which the meteorite came was a planetary embryo of a size between Mercury to Mars. The discovery is published.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2018
Triple drug combination shows high activity against parasitic worm infections
Triple drug combination shows high activity against parasitic worm infections
Swiss TPH researchers were able to show high efficacy of a triple drug therapy against hookworm and whipworm in a clinical trial in school-aged children in Lao PDR.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
13.04.2018
Individual impurity atoms detectable in graphene
Individual impurity atoms detectable in graphene
A team including physicists from the University of Basel has succeeded in using atomic force microscopy to clearly obtain images of individual impurity atoms in graphene ribbons. Thanks to the forces measured in the graphene's two-dimensional carbon lattice, they were able to identify boron and nitrogen for the first time, as the researchers report Advances.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
11.04.2018
Double hit on melanoma unlocks barrier to immunotherapy
Double hit on melanoma unlocks barrier to immunotherapy
Researchers at EPFL and UNIL have discovered a dangerous liaison between immune cells that limits the efficacy of immunotherapy in melanoma. But they also found a way to disrupt it. Immunotherapies are treatments that stimulate a patient's immune cells to attack the tumor. They can be very effective in melanoma - a common and aggressive form of skin tumor - but still fail in the majority of the patients.
Medicine/Pharmacology
11.04.2018
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking, but not marijuana use over time, was associated with plaque build-up in heart arteries in a study that followed men and women for over 25 years, according to a study led by the University of Bern. "We knew the effect of tobacco smoke, but not of marijuana smoke on subclinical plaque build-up in heart arteries (a marker of future heart attacks).
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
10.04.2018
When Enemies Come to Help
When Enemies Come to Help
Interactions between organisms such as plants and animals can be found everywhere in nature. Anina Knauer and Florian Schiestl, a professor at UZH's Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, has taken a closer look at one such instance: the interaction between crab spiders and the buckler-mustard, a yellow flowering plant common in Europe.
Computer Science/Telecom - Innovation/Technology
09.04.2018
A new JPEG format for virtual reality, drones and self-driving cars
A new JPEG format for virtual reality, drones and self-driving cars
The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), an international committee headed by an EPFL professor, has just unveiled JPEG XS. With this new format, the image-compression process uses less energy, and higher-quality images can be sent with low latency over broadband networks like 5G. JPEG XS will have applications in areas such as virtual reality, augmented reality, space imagery, self-driving cars and professional movie editing.
Astronomy
05.04.2018
Space telescope CHEOPS leaves the University of Bern
Space telescope CHEOPS leaves the University of Bern
Construction of the space telescope CHEOPS is finished. The engineers from the Center for Space and Habitability (CSH) at the University of Bern will package the instrument this week and send it to Madrid, where it will be integrated on the satellite platform.
Innovation/Technology - Medicine/Pharmacology
05.04.2018
Using spent barley grain to lower the sugar content of certain foods
Using spent barley grain to lower the sugar content of certain foods
EPFL spin-off Embion Technologies has developed a soluble fiber powder made from barley residue from the beer-making process that can be used to reduce the sucrose content of a wide range of foods. This by-product also appears to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
05.04.2018
Efficient genetic modification of immune cells
Efficient genetic modification of immune cells
A new method enables genes in living T-cells in mice to be modified quickly and efficiently. It makes use of plasmids, a tried-and-tested method of genetic engineering. Researchers from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel reported these findings in the Journal of Immunology.
Life Sciences - History/Archeology
04.04.2018
Inner Ear Provides Clues to Human Dispersal
Inner Ear Provides Clues to Human Dispersal
The early migration of humans out of Africa and across the world can be proven using genetic and morphological analyses. However, morphological data from the skull and skeleton often only allow limited conclusions to be drawn about the geographical dispersal pattern, especially because of the many ways in which the human skeleton adapts to local environmental conditions.
Medicine/Pharmacology
03.04.2018
Attacking Flu Viruses from Two Sides
Attacking Flu Viruses from Two Sides
Fever, shivering, headaches, and joint pains - each year millions of people around the world are affected by the flu. While most people recover after a few days, the WHO estimates that each year between 250,000 and 500,000 people die from the disease. As there are only few effective treatment options, medical efforts have thus far focused on vaccination to combat the flu.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
03.04.2018
Using water molecules to read electrical activity in lipid membranes
Using water molecules to read electrical activity in lipid membranes
EPFL researchers were able to map out in real time how charges are transported across and along membranes simply by observing the behavior of adjacent water molecules. Their non-invasive and label-free method represents a valuable new tool in the effort to understand how cells - and neurons in particular - function.
Medicine/Pharmacology
29.03.2018
Smartphone Applications to Improve Child Health
Smartphone Applications to Improve Child Health
New technologies are progressively transforming health care. Swiss TPH developed two generations of digital point of care systems that support clinical personnel in the diagnosis and care of sick children. Swiss TPH will actively participate at this year's Geneva Health Forum on "Precision Global Health in the Digital Age" from 10-12 April 2018.
Life Sciences - Administration/Government
29.03.2018
Gene rhythm: how the circadian clock regulates 3D chromatin structure
Gene rhythm: how the circadian clock regulates 3D chromatin structure
EPFL biologists and geneticists have uncovered how the circadian clock orchestrates the 24-hour cycle of gene expression by regulating the structure of chromatin, the tightly wound DNA-protein complex of the cell. The work is published in Genes & Development. The circadian clock is an internal, biological "metronome" that dictates our 24-hour activity pattern.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
26.03.2018
New Method Speeds Up Development of Medication
New Method Speeds Up Development of Medication
One of the key steps in developing new drugs is determining the atomic structure of its biologically active substances. This generally involves performing X-ray analyses of single crystal structures to determine the ingredient's detailed three-dimensional set-up. However, growing suitable single crystals is often a complex and time-consuming process.
Life Sciences - Innovation/Technology
26.03.2018
A smart car that can read brain signals
A smart car that can read brain signals
EPFL and Nissan researchers are able to read a driver's brain signals and send them to a smart vehicle so that it can anticipate the driver's moves and facilitate the driving process.
Civil Engineering
26.03.2018
Healing instead of cutting down
Healing instead of cutting down
Trees can also get sick. In urban areas, this usually means that the infested tree has to be felled for safety reasons.
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