Astronomy Apr 26
Astronomy
The Mars camera CaSSIS on the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter has returned its first colour images of the red planet. The camera system, which was developed at the University of Bern, is now ready for the start of its prime mission on April 28, 2018.
Chemistry Apr 26
Chemistry

Last year Empa's inorganic analytics lab was granted the status of "Reference Laboratory" within the scope of the ProSUM project, funded by the EU.

Medicine Apr 25
Medicine

FocalView is a new app developped by Novartis and designed to help ophthalmic clinical trials, making them more accessible and flexible.

Environment Apr 26
Environment

Erosion, compaction and a loss of humus and biodiversity are afflicting the soil, thereby endangering the many services it offers for humans and the environment.

Medicine Apr 24
Medicine

Parenting groups in rural communities can improve early childhood development in low-resource settings.


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Astronomy
15:01
Bernese Mars camera CaSSIS sends first colour images from Mars
Bernese Mars camera CaSSIS sends first colour images from Mars
The Mars camera CaSSIS on the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter has returned its first colour images of the red planet.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
10:01
Traces in scrap
Traces in scrap
Last year Empa's inorganic analytics lab was granted the status of "Reference Laboratory" within the scope of the ProSUM project, funded by the EU. Fine-grained samples of shredder waste from scrapped cars, e-waste or mine dumps from all over Europe end up here. Empa chemists find out what is in them, what is worth extracting and what could be dangerous for staff at recycling plants.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Agronomy/Food Science
09:17
Keeping the soil fit
Keeping the soil fit
Erosion, compaction and a loss of humus and biodiversity are afflicting the soil, thereby endangering the many services it offers for humans and the environment.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
25.04.2018
New app for ophthalmology clinical trials from home
New app for ophthalmology clinical trials from home
FocalView is a new app developped by Novartis and designed to help ophthalmic clinical trials, making them more accessible and flexible. Using patients' self-recorded measurements, FocalView aims to enable more sensitive trial endpoints and more accurate patient-reported outcomes. The app is freely available to the scientific community.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development
24.04.2018
Parenting Groups Can Improve Child Development
Parenting Groups Can Improve Child Development
Parenting groups in rural communities can improve early childhood development in low-resource settings. These are the findings of a study conducted by Swiss TPH in collaboration with the Boston University and partners in Zambia. The study Many children in lowand middle-income countries do not reach their developmental potential due to malnutrition, infectious diseases and a lack of appropriate stimulation and learning opportunities in their home environment.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
24.04.2018
New app for pollen allergy sufferers
New app for pollen allergy sufferers
Pollen season: The new app called Ally Science has been designed for the two million or so allergy sufferers in Switzerland Bern University of Applied Sciences (BFH) and University Hospital Zurich (USZ) are launching the free smartphone app Ally Science on the 24th of April 2018.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Architecture
24.04.2018
Designing urban energy systems based on the urban climate
Designing urban energy systems based on the urban climate
As cities grow at an ever-faster pace, concerns about global warming rise and fossil fuels become increasingly scarce, cities will have to adopt more sustainable energy solutions. EPFL researchers have developed a model that can be used to design urban energy systems by analyzing the building not as a standalone structure but as one piece in an urban puzzle.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.04.2018
Dicer is not rolling dice
Dicer is not rolling dice
Researchers keep discovering new functions of small RNAs. For instance, they can be used as a defense mechanism against viruses or self-replicating genome invaders. These tiny pieces of RNA are often produced by a cleavage of long precursors by so called Dicer proteins. To their surprise, researchers from the University of Bern have found that some Dicers acquired a unique and as yet unknown feature that allow them to cleave the RNA precursors in a very specific way, resulting in small RNAs that work much more efficiently.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development
23.04.2018
Frequent walking: from personal health to sustainable mobility
Frequent walking: from personal health to sustainable mobility
For his thesis, Derek Christie studied people who walk outdoors for more than one hour per day. Little research has been done into these frequent walkers, who could nevertheless help to shape public policies on mobility.
Astronomy - Chemistry
23.04.2018
Studying dwarf galaxies to get the big picture
Studying dwarf galaxies to get the big picture
EPFL scientists have completed the fastidious task of analyzing 27 dwarf galaxies in detail, identifying the conditions under which they were formed and how they've since evolved. These small-scale galaxies are perfect for studying the mechanisms of new star formation and the very first steps in the creation of the universe.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.04.2018
New Novartis analyses at AAN show siponimod’s efficacy on disability and cognition in secondary progressive MS patients
Analyses of the EXPAND study showed that siponimod (BAF312) reduced the risk of disability progression largely disassociated from relapses in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS)   In EXPAND, siponimod also had a meaningful benefit on patients' cognitive processing speed   Findings add to clinical evidence for siponimod in SPMS, an area with a high unmet need for well-tolerated and effective new therapies - Novartis toda
Social Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
19.04.2018
When our view of the world is distorted by algorithms
Algorithms are used to personalize our newsfeed on social media. But the risk is that the points of view we are presented with become increasingly limited and extreme. EPFL researchers have developed a solution that would make users' personalized content more balanced, and their project has already generated interest among human rights campaigners.
Innovation/Technology - Agronomy/Food Science
19.04.2018
Switzerland needs nationwide soil mapping
Switzerland needs nationwide soil mapping
To use soil sustainably calls for detailed information about its properties. However, this is lacking for large areas of Switzerland. The National Research Programme "Sustainable Use of Soil as a Resource" (NRP 68) is proposing a "Swiss soil information platform" and showing how soil mapping can be expedited by using digital methods.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
17.04.2018
Meteorite diamonds tell of a lost planet
Meteorite diamonds tell of a lost planet
Using transmission electron microscopy, EPFL scientists have examined a slice from a meteorite that contains large diamonds formed at high pressure. The study shows that the parent body from which the meteorite came was a planetary embryo of a size between Mercury to Mars. The discovery is published.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.04.2018
Triple drug combination shows high activity against parasitic worm infections
Triple drug combination shows high activity against parasitic worm infections
Swiss TPH researchers were able to show high efficacy of a triple drug therapy against hookworm and whipworm in a clinical trial in school-aged children in Lao PDR.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
13.04.2018
Individual impurity atoms detectable in graphene
Individual impurity atoms detectable in graphene
A team including physicists from the University of Basel has succeeded in using atomic force microscopy to clearly obtain images of individual impurity atoms in graphene ribbons. Thanks to the forces measured in the graphene's two-dimensional carbon lattice, they were able to identify boron and nitrogen for the first time, as the researchers report Advances.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
11.04.2018
Double hit on melanoma unlocks barrier to immunotherapy
Double hit on melanoma unlocks barrier to immunotherapy
Researchers at EPFL and UNIL have discovered a dangerous liaison between immune cells that limits the efficacy of immunotherapy in melanoma. But they also found a way to disrupt it. Immunotherapies are treatments that stimulate a patient's immune cells to attack the tumor. They can be very effective in melanoma - a common and aggressive form of skin tumor - but still fail in the majority of the patients.
Medicine/Pharmacology
11.04.2018
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking, but not marijuana use over time, was associated with plaque build-up in heart arteries in a study that followed men and women for over 25 years, according to a study led by the University of Bern. "We knew the effect of tobacco smoke, but not of marijuana smoke on subclinical plaque build-up in heart arteries (a marker of future heart attacks).
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
10.04.2018
When Enemies Come to Help
When Enemies Come to Help
Interactions between organisms such as plants and animals can be found everywhere in nature. Anina Knauer and Florian Schiestl, a professor at UZH's Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, has taken a closer look at one such instance: the interaction between crab spiders and the buckler-mustard, a yellow flowering plant common in Europe.
Computer Science/Telecom - Innovation/Technology
09.04.2018
A new JPEG format for virtual reality, drones and self-driving cars
A new JPEG format for virtual reality, drones and self-driving cars
The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), an international committee headed by an EPFL professor, has just unveiled JPEG XS. With this new format, the image-compression process uses less energy, and higher-quality images can be sent with low latency over broadband networks like 5G. JPEG XS will have applications in areas such as virtual reality, augmented reality, space imagery, self-driving cars and professional movie editing.
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