news from the lab 2009
Nanoscale vortices known as skyrmions can be created in many magnetic materials. For the first time, researchers at PSI have managed to create and identify antiferromagnetic skyrmions with a unique property: critical elements inside them are arranged in opposing directions.
Air quality in Switzerland has improved but is still not good enough. To continue the monitoring of air pollutants which has taken place for many years in Dübendorf, canton Zurich, federal government has opened a new station as part of its National Air Pollution Monitoring Network (NABEL). As well as showing whether air pollution control measures are working, it will also be used as a platform for research activities on new measuring equipment or new air pollutants. It will also provide information for the local population.
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Astronomers have discovered the second super-Earth exoplanet for which they have determined the mass and radius, giving vital clues about its structure.
Not so long ago, our computers had a single core which had to be boosted for performance - making each machine into a great central heating system.
CERN's Large Hadron Collider has today become the world's highest energy particle accelerator, having accelerated its twin beams of protons to an energy of 1.18 TeV in the early hours of the morning of 30 November.
Leprosy still affects hundreds of thousands of people today throughout the entire world. An international team headed by EPFL professor Stewart Cole has traced the history of the disease from ancient Egypt to today and in doing so has made a public health study essential for combating the disease.
Odours are powerful stimulants for the human brain. Now, for the first time, researchers have succeeded in demonstrating that the evaluation of olfactory perceptions actually follows a very strict order.
Scientists have identified a new neural circuit in the retina responsible for the detection of approaching objects.
SwissCube, the first Swiss satellite in history—extremely small —has been successfully launched from the Sriharikota space station in India.
Fifty years ago, a microscopic network of tubules was found in neurons. Its function was unknown.
Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes, is increasing at an alarming state with more than 180 million people affected worldwide.
Are freely availably scientific papers better disseminated? Many believe so, but recent research results present new evidence suggesting that the higher number of citations received by open access papers is mostly due to a difference in quality.
An international group of researchers has developed and tested a new generation of photovoltaic cells in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Stillenden Müttern wird nahegelegt, auf alkoholhaltige Getränke zu verzichten. Nun zeigen aber neuste Forschungsergebnisse, dass Wein, der über die Muttermilch zu Säuglingen gelangt, positive Effekte auf die Säuglinge hat.
BTZ043 is a new therapeutic agent to fight tuberculosis. Its target is an enzyme which produces the cell wall of the pathogenic bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Embryologie und Paläontologie existierten bereits zu Darwins Zeiten. Der Zoologe und Paläobiologe Marcelo Sánchez hat die beiden Disziplinen verbunden und erforscht so die Evolution von Landwirbeltieren.
Oxytocin, a hormone involved in child-birth and breast-feeding, helps people recognize familiar faces.