news from the lab 2011

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Environment/Sustainable Development



Results 1 - 15 of 15.

Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Environment/Sustainable Development
29.08.2011
A high-tech propulsion system for the next 100 years
A high-tech propulsion system for the next 100 years
Environmentally friendly fuels are not just of interest for use in cars. The University of Birmingham has been operating a canal boat with a fuel cell drive for three years now.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
28.08.2011
Simulations to protect the Valais
Simulations to protect the Valais
Scientists model sediment deposits carried by the Naviscence River in the Swiss Valais canton. They are simulating possible scenarios for the future of the Zinal ski area, which could be threatened by the river.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
25.08.2011
Unprecedented insight into cloud formation
Unprecedented insight into cloud formation
The CLOUD experiment has been designed to study the effect of cosmic rays on the formation of atmospheric aerosols - tiny liquid or solid particles suspended in the atmosphere - under controlled laboratory conditions. Atmospheric aerosols are thought to be responsible for a large fraction of the seeds that form cloud droplets.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Chemistry
18.07.2011
Deep below the Deepwater Horizon
Deep below the Deepwater Horizon
For the first time, scientists gathered oil and gas directly as it escaped from a deep ocean wellhead — that of the damaged Deepwater Horizon oil rig.
Environment/Sustainable Development
11.07.2011
From raindrop to flood
From raindrop to flood
Scientists are starting a new field campaign in the Val Ferret. They're collecting data to study how the environment influences flood rates in mountain valleys. Predicting natural disasters in order to inform and warn populations residing in risk zones is a major challenge today. “Mathematical models exist, but they still don't take into account all the data that are needed to establish reliable predictions, such as the influence of air temperature, the formation of thermal winds or the impact of precipitation,” explains Professor Marc Parlange.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
07.07.2011
How will Swiss radioactive waste be disposed of?
How will Swiss radioactive waste be disposed of?
If Switzerland does indeed abandon nuclear energy within the time-frame announced by the Swiss Confederation, the question of the burial and disposal of the accumulated waste needs to be addressed.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Computer Science/Telecom
27.06.2011
Air quality sensors on city buses
Air quality sensors on city buses
Rather than installing stations on fixed towers, why not use mobile sensors spread out over the whole city to get better air quality measurements?
Environment/Sustainable Development - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
09.06.2011
A Power Grid on a Chip
A Power Grid on a Chip
Researchers have developed a device only 4mm thick that can manage an urban power grid a thousand times faster than currently possible.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
27.05.2011
Underground waters resist forced depollution
Underground waters resist forced depollution
An experiment has demonstrated the role played by micro-organisms in the degradation - without oxygen - of a very common pollutant: vinyl chloride. The traces of human industrial activity persist deep inside the ground. And sometimes for a long time! In Switzerland alone, the Federal Office for the Environment records no less than 50,000 polluted sites, including 4000 that have been declared “contaminated” and require clean-up operations.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Environment/Sustainable Development
25.05.2011
Record efficiency for solar cells
Record efficiency for solar cells
Scientists have further boosted the energy conversion efficiency of flexible solar cells made of copper indium gallium (di)selenide (also known as CIGS) to a new world record of 18.7% - a significant improvement overt he previous record of 17.6% achieved by the same team in June 2010.
Computer Science/Telecom - Environment/Sustainable Development
04.05.2011
Robots learn sharing
Robots learn sharing
An evolutionary robotics experiment supports Hamilton's rule of altruism and improves swarm robotics collaboration as a result. Using simple robots to simulate genetic evolution over hundreds of generations, researchers shed light on one of the most enduring puzzles in biology: Why do most social animals, including humans, go out of their way to help each other?
Environment/Sustainable Development
02.02.2011
Intact roads for clean air
Intact roads for clean air
Road traffic is one of the main sources of fine particulate matter in the atmosphere, above all when the weather situation favors the creation of winter smog, as has been the case over the past few day in the Swiss “Mittelland”.
Environment/Sustainable Development
24.01.2011
L’homme bouleverse le climat depuis des millénaires
L’homme bouleverse le climat depuis des millénaires
The Roman Conquest, the Black Death and the discovery of America - by modifying the nature of the forests - have had a significant impact on the environment.
History/Archeology - Environment/Sustainable Development
13.01.2011
Climate impact on ancient societies
Climate impact on ancient societies
Annual-resolved European summer climate has, for the first time ever, been reconstructed over the past 2,500 years. Tree rings reveal possible links between past climate variability and changes in human history. Climate change coincided with periods of socioeconomic, cultural and political turmoil associated with the Barbarian Migrations, the Black Death and Thirty Years' War.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
04.01.2011
Corals provide evidence of Global Warming
Corals provide evidence of Global Warming
Examination of deep sea corals reveals that there have been drastic changes to oceanic currents in the western North Atlantic since the 1970s.

 
 
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