news from the lab 2012


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Results 21 - 40 of 53.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
31.08.2012
Genetic observation reveals a bone-weakening mechanism
Genetic observation reveals a bone-weakening mechanism
A research team has used a novel method to identify a gene involved in bone building. "Real life genetics" works. This research method involves observing physiological traits or metabolic disease in a large population of "wild-type" mice (those which have not been genetically modified), and then isolating the genes that could be responsible.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
02.08.2012
Giant telescope will reveal the outer reaches of the universe
Giant telescope will reveal the outer reaches of the universe
The European Extremely Large Telescope Project (E-ELT) has officially been launched. This enormous telescope has a diameter of nearly 40m and will be built in Chili.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
26.07.2012
New-generation sensor combines lasers and mechanics
New-generation sensor combines lasers and mechanics
Scientists have developed a rapid, precise opto-mechanical measurement system that can be embedded into a silicon chip. This new technology could revolutionize the domain of sensors and atomic force microscopy. Resonators are used to detect infinitesimal quantities of matter in the atmosphere. Here's how it works: when a microscopic string comes into with a particle or a gas molecule, it vibrates.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
05.07.2012
Demystifying the immortality of cancer cells
Demystifying the immortality of cancer cells
In cancer cells, normal mechanisms governing the cellular life cycle have gone haywire. Cancer cells continue to divide indefinitely, without ever dying off, thus creating rapidly growing tumors.
Physics/Materials Science
04.07.2012
CERN experiments observe particle consistent with long-sought Higgs boson
CERN experiments observe particle consistent with long-sought Higgs boson
Geneva, 4 July 2012. At a seminar held at CERN today as a curtain raiser to the year's major particle physics conference, ICHEP2012 in Melbourne, the ATLAS and CMS experiments presented their latest preliminary results in the search for the long sought Higgs particle. Both experiments observe a new particle in the mass region around 125-126 GeV.
Physics/Materials Science
29.06.2012
Probing the secrets of unmagnetized magnets
Probing the secrets of unmagnetized magnets
Physicists studying magnetic materials have discovered that they have some unexpected properties. Their research could lead to the development of even tinier magnets in the future. Magnets are everywhere; stuck to our fridges, used in electric motors, built into the hard disks on our computers. Scientists have studied them for centuries, but it's only recently that a team from EPFL's Laboratory for Quantum Magnetism has probed the details of their innermost structure.
Computer Science/Telecom
22.06.2012
The phone that knows where you're going
The phone that knows where you’re going
Can mobile phones predict our behavior? Three students accurately predicted the place where phone users were likely to go next.
Physics/Materials Science
13.06.2012
Composite Materials Will Lead to Greener Cars
Composite Materials Will Lead to Greener Cars
The use of composite materials is rapidly entering into the automotive industry thanks to a technique developed by a spin-off. This technique promises lighter cars that burn less fuel and, consequently, emit less CO2. In 2013, we may see car bumpers, doors, and frames made from composite materials, which are engineered or naturally occurring materials such as fiberglass made from two or more constituents with different physical or chemical properties.
Physics/Materials Science - Architecture
08.06.2012
A solar sandwich to power future buildings
A solar sandwich to power future buildings
All in one: A new electricity generating building component is being developed.
Life Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
06.06.2012
A miracle molecule hiding in milk
A miracle molecule hiding in milk
A research team has identified a molecule naturally present in milk and other foods, nicotinamide riboside, that has extraordinary health benefits. Their findings indicate it could play an important role in preventing weight gain and diabetes and improving muscular performance. Many natural foods, including milk and perhaps even beer, contain a molecule whose effects on metabolism are nothing short of astonishing.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
31.05.2012
Walking Again After Spinal Cord Injury
Walking Again After Spinal Cord Injury
Scientists wake up a dormant spinal column and restore voluntary lower body movement when stimulated. Rats with spinal cord injuries and severe paralysis are now walking (and running) thanks to researchers at EPFL. Published in the June 1, 2012 issue of Science, the results show that a severed section of the spinal cord can make a comeback when its own innate intelligence and regenerative capacity is awakened.
Architecture - Physics/Materials Science
14.05.2012
Light is good for our brains
Light is good for our brains
Scientists have proven that light intensity influences our cognitive performance and how alert we feel, and that these positive effects last until early evening. Tests conducted at EPFL have confirmed the hypothesis that light influences our subjective feeling of sleepiness. The research team, led by Mirjam Münch, also showed that the effects of light exposure last until the early evening, and that light intensity has an impact on cognitive mechanisms.
Architecture
07.05.2012
Harnessing natural light
Harnessing natural light
Using the most recent generation windows, architects and lighting designers can to control daylight, directing it where they want within a room.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Medicine/Pharmacology
04.05.2012
A Robot for Spinal Column Operations
A Robot for Spinal Column Operations
With less than a 0.5 mm margin of error, Neuroglide, the robot developed by researchers allows for the placement of screws in small vertebrae with unequaled precision.
Life Sciences
02.05.2012
Biological roots to domestic violence?
Biological roots to domestic violence?
In an experiment carried out with rats, it was observed that aggressive behavior passed from one generation to the other, even without any between the parent and its offspring. Researchers are exploring several approaches to explain the results. Childhood traumas alone do not explain the development of domestic violence - at least in the case of rats.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
01.05.2012
Actelion ensures his future with Macitentan
Actelion ensures his future with Macitentan
Actelion announced today that initial analysis indicates that the pivotal, long-term, event-driven study SERAPHIN with macitentan, a novel dual endothelin receptor antagonist, in 742 patients sufferi
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
23.04.2012
Wo unsere Schwalben den Winter verbringen
Seit Ende März werden es täglich mehr: Die Rückkehr der Schwalben ist jetzt in vollem Gang. Wo die Vögel den Winter verbracht haben, war bisher unbekannt.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
18.04.2012
Bridges get a quick check-up
Bridges get a quick check-up
Engineers have developed a new imaging technique that lets them see the insides of massive concrete bridges. Much like a sonogram, this technique provides quick, easy-to-interpret images, so that the health of these expensive structures can be assessed and monitored. The patient weighs several tons and is hundreds of meters long.
Environment/Sustainable Development
17.04.2012
Under a warm blanket of snow
Under a warm blanket of snow
Researchers are studying the effects of climate change on the degradation of organic matter in the soil. First results underline the importance of the thermal insulation provided by an intact layer of snow on the dynamics of soil microorganisms. You'd think that during the winter, all life trapped beneath a layer of snow would shut down and wait for warmer days.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
10.04.2012
Lethal weapon used by viruses
Lethal weapon used by viruses
It could be the tiniest armor-piercing weapon in the biological universe: Scientists have measured a one-nanometer needle-like tip that viruses use to attack bacteria. Grouped together under the unassuming name φ92, a family of bacteriophage viruses has perfected its specialty: they attack salmonella and coliform bacteria.

 
 
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