news from the lab 2013




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Environment - Dec 19
Environment
Should a wind farm be built in a particular region, or is the integrity of the landscape a more important consideration? How should the wastewater infrastructure be designed in the future? Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a recognised tool for weighing up such environmental questions, and an important stage of the methodology is to ascertain the preferences of those involved: What is important to them when making their decision? What
Pharmacology - Dec 18
Pharmacology

Buruli ulcer is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) resulting in debilitating skin lesions, disabilities and stigmatisation.

Physics - Dec 17
Physics

Researchers from the University of Basel have reported a new method that allows the physical state of just a few atoms or molecules within a network to be controlled.

Life Sciences - Dec 17
Life Sciences

For more than 100 years, biologists have known that cells contain various kinds of membraneless organelles and conjectured what organizing principles underlie them.

Health - Dec 14
Health

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic worm infection affecting 250 million people globally. The current prevalence thresholds for preventive chemotherapy of schistosomiasis are based on the Kato-Katz method using stool samples.


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Physics - 22.12.2013
Superconductivity switched on by magnetic field
Superconductivity switched on by magnetic field
Superconductivity and magnetic fields are normally seen as rivals - very strong magnetic fields normally destroy the superconducting state. Physicists have now demonstrated that a novel superconducting state is only created in the material CeCoIn 5 when there are strong external magnetic fields. This state can then be manipulated by modifying the field direction.

Physics - 05.12.2013
Ten Times More Throughput on Optic Fibers
Ten Times More Throughput on Optic Fibers
Two EPFL scientists have shown how to achieve a dramatic increase in the capacity of optical fibers.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.11.2013
New malaria target identified
New malaria target identified
Scientists have discovered a new drug target for treating malaria. The discovery a novel experimental antimalarial compound class that inhibits the development of multiple malaria-causing Plasmodium species at each stage of infection in the human host. The on-going research to develop imidazopyrazines as a new treatment for malaria is supported by the Wellcome Trust and Medicines for Malaria Venture.

Physics - Electroengineering - 12.11.2013
Electrons with a split personality
Electrons with a split personality
Some electrons in a superconducting material behave as if they were in a conventional metal, others as in an unconventional one - depending on the direction of their motion. Understanding the origins of high-temperature superconductivity, the ability of some materials to conduct electricity without any resistance and therefore without loss of energy, is one of the most important quests of modern physics.

Environment - Business / Economics - 14.10.2013
A glimpse at the future of global energy supply
A glimpse at the future of global energy supply
Media Releases Energy and Environment How will the world secure its energy supply in 2050 and what are the possible economic, ecological and social, implications of different pathways and choices?

Chemistry - Physics - 08.08.2013
Fuel cells could become economically more attractive
Fuel cells could become economically more attractive
Fuel cells that convert hydrogen into power and only produce pure water as a by-product have the potential to lead individual mobility into an environmentally friendly future.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.08.2013
New drugs to find the right target to fight Alzheimer's disease
New drugs to find the right target to fight Alzheimer's disease
Next-generation drugs designed to fight Alzheimer's disease look very promising. Scientists have unveiled the mechanisms behind two classes of compound currently being tested in clinical trials. They have also identified a likely cause of early-onset hereditary forms of the disease. The future is looking good for drugs designed to combat Alzheimer's disease.

Physics - 08.05.2013
First observations of short-lived pear-shaped atomic nuclei
First observations of short-lived pear-shaped atomic nuclei
A team has shown that some atomic nuclei can assume asymmetric, "pear" shapes. The observations contradict some existing nuclear theories and will require others to be amended. Most nuclei have the shape of a rugby ball. While state-of-the-art theories are able to predict this behaviour, the same theories have predicted that for some particular combinations of protons and neutrons, nuclei can also assume asymmetric shapes, like a pear.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 05.05.2013
Tiny Magnets as a Model System
Tiny Magnets as a Model System
In the microscopic world, everything is in motion: atoms and molecules vibrate, proteins fold, even glass is a slow flowing liquid. And during each movement there are interactions between the smallest elements - for example, the atoms - and their neighbours. To make these movements visible, scientists have developed a special model system.

Physics - 24.04.2013
LHCb experiment observes new matter-antimatter difference
LHCb experiment observes new matter-antimatter difference
The LHCb collaboration at CERN observed the first matter-antimatter asymmetry in the decays of the particle known as the B0 s . It is only the fourth sub-atomic particle known to exhibit such behaviour. Matter and antimatter are thought to have existed in equal amounts at the beginning of the universe , but today the universe appears to be composed essentially of matter.