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Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 17.01.2018
Bile acids fire up fat-burning
Bile acids fire up fat-burning
EPFL scientists have discovered a novel role for bile acids: converting energy-storing white fat depots into energy-expending beige fat. The study is published. Obesity arises from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. As a result, current treatments try to decrease calorie intake and/or increase energy expenditure.

Materials Science - Architecture - 15.01.2018

Physics - Chemistry - 15.01.2018
The first precise measurement of a single molecule's effective charge
The first precise measurement of a single molecule’s effective charge
For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics. Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact.

Electroengineering - Innovation - 15.01.2018
Smart buildings that can manage our electricity needs
Smart buildings that can manage our electricity needs
Researchers at EPFL have developed a system that can be installed in a building to collect data on people's energy usage. The aim is then to send this data directly to a smart electric grid that will allocate resources optimally. A smart grid that decides how best to distribute energy based on availability, cost and customers' needs - that's the energy concept being developed by researchers in the School of Engineering's Electronics Laboratory.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.01.2018

Physics - Materials Science - 11.01.2018
Extremely bright and fast light emission
Extremely bright and fast light emission
A type of quantum dot that has been intensively studied in recent years can reproduce light in every colour and is very bright. An international research team including scientists from Empa has now discovered why this is the case. The quantum dots could someday be used in LEDs. An international team of researchers from ETH Zurich , IBM Research Zurich, Empa and four American research institutions have found the explanation for why a class of nanocrystals that has been intensively studied in recent years shines in such incredibly bright colours.

History / Archeology - 11.01.2018
Bernese archaeologist discovers the earliest tomb of a Scythian prince
Bernese archaeologist discovers the earliest tomb of a Scythian prince
Deep in a swamp in the Russian republic of Tuva, SNSF-funded archaeologist Gino Caspari has discovered an undisturbed Scythian burial mound. All the evidence suggests that this is not only the largest Scythian princely tomb in South Siberia, but also the earliest - and that it may be harbouring some outstandingly well-preserved treasures.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.01.2018
Cluster of Resistant Tuberculosis Pathogen Discovered
Cluster of Resistant Tuberculosis Pathogen Discovered
Resistant tuberculosis pathogens are a regular part of the day-to-day business at the Swiss National Center for Mycobacteria (NZM) at the University of Zurich. And yet, the Mycobacterium tuberculosis found in a Somali asylum seeker in the refugee center in Chiasso in February 2016 was extraordinary: "These bacteria exhibited a new combination of resistance mutations against four different antibiotics that had never before been described," says Peter Keller, Head of Diagnostics at NZM, who identified the germ.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.01.2018
New Biomarkers Predict Outcome of Cancer Immunotherapy
New Biomarkers Predict Outcome of Cancer Immunotherapy
Nowadays, melanoma and lung cancer can be combatted effectively through immunotherapy, which makes targeted use of the immune system's normal function of regularly examining the body's tissue for pathogens and damages. Specific inhibitors are used to activate immune cells in a way that makes them identify cancer cells as foreign bodies and eliminate them.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.01.2018
Recurrent brain activity patterns predict seizures in patients with epilepsy
A new study published online January 8 in  Nature Communications has found that weekly-to-monthly cycles of brain activity are linked to seizures in people with epilepsy. The finding suggests it may soon be possible for clinicians to identify when people are at highest risk for seizures, allowing them to plan around these brief but potentially dangerous events.

Earth Sciences - 09.01.2018
Evolution of Alpine landscape recorded by sedimentary rocks
Evolution of Alpine landscape recorded by sedimentary rocks
Rock avalanches and torrents started to form V-shaped valleys in the Alps approximately 25 million years ago. This landscape contrasts to the flat and hilly scenery, which characterized the Alps a few millions of years before. Geologists from the University of Bern applied digital technologies to unravel these changes in landscape evolution.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 08.01.2018
The salt water battery
The salt water battery
Water could form the basis for future particularly inexpensive rechargeable batteries. Empa researchers have succeeded in doubling the electrochemical stability of water with a special saline solution.

Environment - 08.01.2018
A small town affected by climate change
A small town affected by climate change
In the year 2100, temperatures at EPFL are expected to be similar to those currently experienced in Perugia, in central Italy.

Life Sciences - 08.01.2018
Survival Strategy of Messenger RNAs During Cellular Sugar Shortage
Survival Strategy of Messenger RNAs During Cellular Sugar Shortage
If a cell runs low on sugar, it stores certain messenger RNAs in order to prolong its life. As a research group at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has now discovered, the protein Puf5p determines whether individual messenger RNAs will be stored or degraded when sugar levels are low. The study published in eLife shows that Puf5p therefore sends the messenger RNAs to a cell organelle where their fate is sealed.

Innovation - Computer Science - 05.01.2018
The strength of digitalisation and a strong community
The strength of digitalisation and a strong community
25 spin-offs were founded at ETH Zurich last year. This equals the previous year's record level for new ETH spin-offs.

Environment - 04.01.2018
A thermometer for the oceans
A thermometer for the oceans
The average sea temperature is an essential parameter of the global climate - but it is very difficult to measure. At least until now, because an international team of researchers including Empa scientists have now developed a novel method using the concentration of noble gases in the eternal ice. This allows conclusions to be drawn on the changes in sea temperature from the last ice age to the present day, as the researchers report in the current issue of "Nature".

Environment - Materials Science - 04.01.2018
A thermometer for the oceans
A thermometer for the oceans
The average sea temperature is an essential parameter of the global climate - but it is very difficult to measure. At least until now, because an international team of researchers including University of Bern scientists have now developed a novel method using the concentration of noble gases in the eternal ice.

Environment - Materials Science - 01.01.2018
Standardizing perovskite aging measurements
Standardizing perovskite aging measurements
EPFL scientists have produced a data-driven proposal for standardizing the measurements of perovskite solar cell stability and degradation. Published in Nature Energy , the work aims to create consensus in the field and overcome one of the major hurdles on the way to commercializing perovskite photovoltaics.
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