news 2018


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Results 81 - 100 of 438.


Health - Life Sciences - 15.10.2018
Roche launches NGS AVENIO Tumor Tissue Analysis Kits for oncology research
Ready-to-use kits determine genomic characteristics of solid tumours Optimized workflow to generate results in house Software analysis allows correlation to AVENIO ctDNA NGS kits Roche today announced the global commercial launch of three new next-generation sequencing (NGS) AVENIO Tumor Tissue Analysis Kits - the AVENIO Tumor Tissue Targeted Kit, Expanded Kit and Surveillance Kit.

Environment - 15.10.2018
Saving water - but not at any cost
Saving water - but not at any cost
Global trade is saving water on balance. In principle, this is a good thing. However, the water budget has its dark side - a fact which Eawag researchers have now brought to light. Virtual water is the term used to describe water that is used in the production of a product. The amount used varies according to the place where the products are produced.

Materials Science - Pharmacology - 11.10.2018
Medication you can wear
Medication you can wear
Drug-releasing textiles could, for instance, be used to treat skin wounds. Empa researchers are currently developing polymer fibers that can be equipped with drugs. The smart fibers recognize the need for therapy all by themselves and dose the active ingredients with precision and accuracy. For the «Self Care Materials» project, fibers are produced from biodegradable polymers using various processes.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.10.2018
Link between Gut Flora and Multiple Sclerosis Discovered
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the body's own immune system attacks and damages the protective coating around nerve cells. This coating is made up of myelin - a biological membrane of protein and fatty substances - which is why research efforts to find the disease's target antigen have so far focused on the myelin membrane's components.

Earth Sciences - 11.10.2018
Sediment bypass tunnels and biodiversity
Sediment bypass tunnels and biodiversity
Mountain rivers swollen by heavy rainfall deposit large amounts of sediment in reservoirs. To prevent the loss of storage capacity, some reservoirs are equipped with bypass tunnels which convey sediment-laden waters to downstream reaches. The fact that such tunnels offer ecological benefits as well as economic advantages was shown, for example, by a study carried out on the Solis reservoir in Graubünden.

Life Sciences - Physics - 10.10.2018
This time, it's all bio: SwissFEL makes protein structures visible
This time, it’s all bio: SwissFEL makes protein structures visible
Successful pilot experiment on biomolecules at the newest large research facility of PSI For the development of new medicinal agents, accurate knowledge of biological processes in the body is a prerequisite. Here proteins play a crucial role. At the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, the X-ray free-electron laser SwissFEL has now, for the first time, directed its strong light onto protein crystals and made their structures visible.

Career - 10.10.2018
Foreign employees feel well-integrated at the workplace
Foreign employees feel well-integrated at the workplace
More than half of foreign employees in Switzerland feel well-integrated in their work environment. Language difficulties serve as one of the main reasons for a lack of integration. This is concluded by the latest issue of the Swiss HR Barometer issued by the Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich and the Universities of Lucerne and Zurich.

Health - 10.10.2018
Larger Families Reduce Cancer Risk
Larger Families Reduce Cancer Risk
Researchers from the Institute of Evolutionary Medicine of the University of Zurich and the Adelaide Medical School have analyzed data from 178 countries and found a link between family size and cancer risk. Worldwide the incidence of various types of cancer increases with smaller family size. "And this relationship is independent of income, levels of urbanization and age," explains Professor Maciej Henneberg, academic guest at UZH and senior author of the study.

Pharmacology - Health - 10.10.2018
Breadth of data at ECTRIMS underpins Novartis’ relentless commitment to decoding the science of multiple sclerosis (MS) and decreasing the patient burden
Breadth of data at ECTRIMS underpins Novartis' relentless commitment to decoding the science of multiple sclerosis (MS) and decreasing the patient burden 33 abstracts from the leading MS portfolio include data for Gilenya (fingolimod), and investigational drugs siponimod (BAF312) and ofatumumab (OMB157)   New research will be presented on neurofilaments, a biomarker for MS that can be detected in the blood and could reimagine the way treatments

Electroengineering - 10.10.2018
Tax incentives reduce energy consumption - if effectively implemented
Tax incentives reduce energy consumption - if effectively implemented
By studying the effects of Basel's electricity levy, researchers at the University of Lucerne investigated how tax incentives work in practice and how their impact on energy consumption could be increased. The National Council and the Council of States decided not to debate the proposals of the Federal Council on the second phase of the Energy Strategy 2050 concerning the climate and energy tax incentive KELS.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.10.2018
A study to maintain food security in Uganda
A study to maintain food security in Uganda
By identifying the genes involved in resisting Africa's most widespread cattle disease, researchers at EPFL have developed a map of Uganda showing cattle farmers where the riskiest areas are. "We hope that our research will have an impact, because it addresses some major issues regarding food security in Africa over the medium and long term," says Stéphane Joost, who works in EPFL's Laboratory of Geographic Information Systems (LASIG) and is the corresponding author of a study recently published in scientific review Frontiers in Genetics .

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 09.10.2018
The Stuff that Planets Are Made of
Is there a second Earth out there in space? Our knowledge of planetary systems far, far away is increasing constantly, as new technologies continue to sharpen our gaze into space. To date, 3,700 planets have already been discovered outside our solar system. The planetary masses and radii of these exoplanets can be used to infer their mean density, but not their exact chemical composition and structure.

Physics - Chemistry - 09.10.2018
Metal leads to the desired configuration
Metal leads to the desired configuration
Scientists at the University of Basel have found a way to change the spatial arrangement of bipyridine molecules on a surface. These potential components of dye-sensitized solar cells form complexes with metals and thereby alter their chemical conformation. The results of this interdisciplinary collaboration between chemists and physicists from Basel were recently published in the scientific journal ACS Omega.

Environment - Life Sciences - 09.10.2018
Improving paleotemperature reconstruction: Swiss lakes as a model system
Improving paleotemperature reconstruction: Swiss lakes as a model system
For years, scientists have been trying to determine the climate of the past in order to make better predictions about future climate conditions. Now, there has been a breakthrough in the methodology of climate reconstruction based on microbial molecular fossils. Researchers under the direction of the University of Basel analyzed sediment samples collected from more than 30 Swiss lakes.

Life Sciences - 09.10.2018
Retention of the regulatory landscape in mitosis
Retention of the regulatory landscape in mitosis
Differential recruitment of proteins to chromatin is fundamental in eukaryotes to regulate transcription, replication, and cell division. Yet it is unclear how the regulatory landscape is transmitted through cell division since many proteins are thought to be evicted during mitosis, when the chromosomes condensate.

Astronomy / Space Science - 08.10.2018
A rare star opens a window on the beginning of time
A rare star opens a window on the beginning of time
EPFL astrophysicists actively participated in the discovery of a very rare star, which is particularly old and metal-poor. As a messenger from the distant past, it will allow the scientists to learn more about the young Universe, right after the Big Bang. "We made a major discovery, which questions our understanding of the formation of the first generations of stars in the universe".

Environment - 05.10.2018
Species-Rich Forests Store Twice as much Carbon as Monocultures
Species-Rich Forests Store Twice as much Carbon as Monocultures
Species-rich subtropical forests can take up on average twice as much carbon as monocultures. An international research team has evaluated data from forests grown specifically for this purpose in China with a total of over 150,000 trees. The results speak in favor of using many different tree species during reforestation.

Physics - 04.10.2018
Why does concrete swell and crack?
Why does concrete swell and crack?
When bridges, dam walls and concrete foundations form cracks, AAR is often the culprit: the alkali-aggregate reaction. It causes the concrete to swell and renders renovations or even reconstructions necessary. A project funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) and coordinated by Empa is studying the "concrete disease".

Life Sciences - 04.10.2018
Super-resolution microscopy builds multicolor 3D from 2D
Super-resolution microscopy builds multicolor 3D from 2D
A new technique developed by EPFL overcomes the noise and color limitations of super-resolution microscopy by creating three-dimensional reconstructions from single-color, two-dimensional images of protein complexes. Image: Human centrioles labelled with antibodies against two proteins (Cep152, HsSAS-6) and imaged using super-resolution microscopy.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 04.10.2018
Satellite pictures reveal the condition of lakes
Satellite pictures reveal the condition of lakes
When does the poisonous blue alga reach its critical point and how does the lake react to heat waves' In the future, satellite pictures will answer these questions in real time. This is demonstrated by an Eawag researcher's new dataset. Hardly any other ecosystem is more strongly affected by environmental changes than fresh-water lakes.