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Life Sciences - Health - 15.04.2021
Novel antibiotic deceives bacteria through mimicry
Novel antibiotic deceives bacteria through mimicry
Most antibiotics need to penetrate their target bacteria. But Darobactin, a newly discovered compound, is much too large to do so. Nonetheless, it kills many antibiotic-resistant pathogens - by exploiting a tiny weak spot on their surface. Researchers at the University of Basel's Biozentrum have now revealed the amazing mechanism at play and thereby opened the door to developing completely new medicines.

Chemistry - Health - 14.04.2021
New hydrogel can repair tears in human tissue
New hydrogel can repair tears in human tissue
Scientists have developed an injectable gel that can attach to various kinds of soft internal tissues and repair tears resulting from an accident or trauma.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.04.2021
Parkinson's disease: wearable sensors to track symptoms
Scientists have developed algorithms that, combined with wearable sensors, could help clinicians to monitor the progression of Parkinson's disease and assess the effects of medications commonly used by people with this neurodegenerative disorder. Parkinson's disease affects neurons in an area of the brain that controls movement, causing tremors, difficulty walking and other motor problems.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.04.2021
When two worlds meet: a protease that controls small RNA activity
When two worlds meet: a protease that controls small RNA activity
The protection of genome integrity of germ cells is essential for animal fertility. Researchers from the Grosshans group characterized a defense mechanism against selfish genetic elements in the C. elegans germline. They identified a protein processing mechanism that controls the activity of small RNAs to achieve specific silencing of transposons while sparing endogenous genes.

Pharmacology - Health - 09.04.2021
Fighting dementia with play
Fighting dementia with play
Cognitive motor training helps in the fight against Alzheimer's and dementia, as demonstrated for the first time in a study by an international team of researchers with ETH Zurich involvement. The training platform used was developed by an ETH Zurich spin-off. A dementia diagnosis turns the world upside down, not only for the person affected but also for their relatives, as brain function gradually declines.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.04.2021
Urolithin A shows effective against muscular dystrophy
Urolithin A shows effective against muscular dystrophy
A new study published in Science Translational Medicine by EPFL professor Johan Auwerx and scientists from EPFL start-up Amazentis highlights the effectiveness of mitophagy-stimulating molecule Urolithin A in mice to cure a disease similar to Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. And points to a possible treatment for affected people.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.04.2021
Veal calf fattening: it can work with less antibiotics
By adopting a few simple measures, farmers can drastically reduce the use of antibiotics and improve the well-being of their animals without economic disadvantages. This was confirmed in a field trial- the first of its kind in Switzerland - carried out by researchers of the University of Bern based on the specially developed "outdoor veal calf" method.

Health - 07.04.2021
Conspiracy theories and cognitive biases in the Covid-19 pandemic
Conspiracy theories and cognitive biases in the Covid-19 pandemic
Conspiracy theories appear to be increasing in popularity as the Covid-19 pandemic continues. But to what extent do people really agree with them, and what is the association with cognitive biases? A research team from the University of Basel studied these questions in German-speaking Switzerland and Germany.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.03.2021
Promising Treatment Alternative Against Parasitic Worm Infection
Promising Treatment Alternative Against Parasitic Worm Infection
Strongyloidiasis, a parasitic worm infection caused by soil-transmitted helminths, remains a neglected public health problem with limited treatment options. Swiss TPH researchers conducted the first dose-finding study with moxidectin against strongyloidiasis. The drug could become a treatment alternative to the only treatment available so far and help fill the empty anthelminthic drug pipeline.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.03.2021
Cells rely on their crampons to avoid slipping
Cells rely on their crampons to avoid slipping
Researchers from the University of Geneva identified a new function for a protein that helps cells to sense their environment and dock at their proper place in the body. Each human being is made of billions of cells. In order to ensure his survival, cells must coordinate with each other and attach in the right place to perform their tasks.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.03.2021
Study suggests a promising future for soft bioelectronic interfaces in clinical settings
Study suggests a promising future for soft bioelectronic interfaces in clinical settings
Results demonstrate MRI compatibility, good surgical handling and reliable recording in bioelectronic interfaces that conform to the nervous system Geneva, Switzerland - A new study published in Advanced Science by researchers from the Laboratory of Soft BioElectronics Interfaces (LSBI) at EPFL, led by Prof. Stéphanie P. Lacour , has demonstrated MRI compatibility in their soft electrode arrays - a crucial step in translation to the clinic.

Health - Social Sciences - 23.03.2021
Building resilience to COVID-19 and future pandemics
Building resilience to COVID-19 and future pandemics
An international team of scientists has drawn up a report on the resilience capacity needed by our societies to prevent, react to and recover from the COVID-19 crisis. The authors propose a path forward to shape resilient, inclusive, and sustainable societies. The COVID-19 pandemic triggered a global systemic crisis.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.03.2021
Lung cancer resistance: the key is glucose
Lung cancer resistance: the key is glucose
Lung tumors are home to immune cells that affect their growth and resistance to treatment. Looking at neutrophils, scientists led by EPFL have discovered that the key might lie in the cells' ability to metabolize glucose, opening an entirely new target for improving radiotherapy. Cancers are not only made of tumor cells.

Health - 19.03.2021
Novel Diagnostics to Improve Migrant and Refugee Health
Novel Diagnostics to Improve Migrant and Refugee Health
Swiss TPH is launching a new project on the development of an integrated infectious disease diagnosis and surveillance system (NIIDS) to improve migrant and refugee health. NIIDS will assess healthcare needs of migrants and refugees, as well as set up a platform to support the diagnosis and management of clinically relevant infectious diseases in these vulnerable populations.

Health - Chemistry - 19.03.2021
Particulates are more dangerous than previously thought
Particulates are more dangerous than previously thought
Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have for the first time observed photochemical processes inside the smallest particles in the air. In doing so, they discovered that additional oxygen radicals that can be harmful to human health are formed in these aerosols under everyday conditions. They report on their results today .

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.03.2021
Consumption of Added Sugar Doubles Fat Production
Consumption of Added Sugar Doubles Fat Production
Too much sugar is unhealthy - that we know, but it-s not just down to the many calories. Even moderate amounts of added fructose and sucrose double the body's own fat production in the liver, researchers from the University of Zurich have shown. In the long term, this contributes to the development of diabetes or a fatty liver.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.03.2021
Retinal implants can give artificial vision to the blind
Retinal implants can give artificial vision to the blind
A team of EPFL engineers has developed technology that could partially restore vision in blind people. Being able to make blind people see again sounds like the stuff of miracles or even science fiction. And it has always been one of the biggest challenges for scientists. Diego Ghezzi, who holds the Medtronic Chair in Neuroengineering (LNE) at EPFL's School of Engineering, has made this issue a research focus.

Physics - Health - 11.03.2021
The skeleton of the malaria parasite reveals its secrets
The skeleton of the malaria parasite reveals its secrets
Research teams from UNIGE have discovered that the cytoskeleton of the malaria parasite comprises a vestigial form of an organelle called conoid, initially thought to be absent from this species and which could play a role in host invasion. Plasmodium is the parasite causing malaria, one of the deadliest parasitic diseases.

Environment - Health - 11.03.2021
Rare earth elements in wastewater
Rare earth elements in wastewater
Rare earth metals such as cerium and gadolinium are increasingly entering wastewater from industry, but also from hospitals. This is shown by Eawag's investigations at 63 wastewater treatment plants in Switzerland. Today, almost nothing works without rare earth metals. There would be no smartphones, flat screens, LED lamps, rechargeable batteries, electric motors and many other electronic devices.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.03.2021
Shining a light on neurodegenerative disorders
Could a ray of light stop rogue proteins in their tracks and slow the spread of neurodegenerative disease in the brain? EPFL and the Wyss Center are set to find out. GENEVA AND LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND - The Wyss Center and the Lashuel lab at EPFL announced today a collaboration to explore the potential of using light as a therapy for Parkinson's disease and dementia.
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