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Life Sciences - Health - 25.09.2023
The dance of organ positioning: a tango of three proteins
The dance of organ positioning: a tango of three proteins
Researchers uncover an intricate protein network controlling asymmetrical development of organs in the embryo, providing insights into genetic disorders and fundamental biology. In order to keep track of their environment, cells use cilia, antenna-like structures that can sense a variety of stimuli, including the flow of fluids outside the cell.

Life Sciences - 25.09.2023
Brain signals for good memory discovered
Brain signals for good memory discovered
People differ in their memory performance. Researchers at the University of Basel have now discovered that certain brain signals are related to these differences . Certain brain regions play a crucial role in memory processes. However, it was previously unclear whether these regions show different activities in storing information in people with a good memory than in those with a weaker memory.

Environment - Computer Science - 22.09.2023
AI Increases Precision in Plant Observation
AI Increases Precision in Plant Observation
Evolutionary Biology Artificial intelligence (AI) can help plant scientists collect and analyze unprecedented volumes of data, which would not be possible using conventional methods. Researchers at the University of Zurich (UZH) have now used big data, machine learning and field observations in the university's experimental garden to show how plants respond to changes in the environment.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 22.09.2023
The seas are in extremis
The seas are in extremis
An extraordinary heat wave is assailing the world's oceans with an intensity that is surprising climate researchers. Environmental physicist Nicolas Gruber provides some context. Record temperatures in the Mediterranean. Huge heat wave in the North Atlantic. The temperature of the oceans at an all-time high.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.09.2023
Regeneration across complete spinal cord injuries reverses paralysis
A complete spinal cord injury leads to irreversible paralysis. Scientists at.NeuroRestore report in Science that they have developed a gene therapy that was proven in mice to stimulate nerve regrowth across such injuries and guide nerves to reconnect to their natural targets below the injuries in order to restore motor function.

Life Sciences - 21.09.2023
New imaging technique ’sees’ virus move in unprecedented detail
Scientists have developed a novel imaging technique to capture rapid protein dynamics. The technique, a microsecond, time-resolved version of cryogenic electron microscopy, allows them to observe the behavior of a virus in unprecedented detail. Proteins are the workhorses of biological systems, carrying out their work with extraordinary precision and speed.

Physics - Computer Science - 21.09.2023
Virtual rail noise - close to reality
Virtual rail noise - close to reality
At Empa, acoustics experts have been investigating for years how noise is generated by passenger and cargo trains - and which technical and structural measures are particularly effective to prevent or at least reduce it. Their findings have now been incorporated into the SILVARSTAR project resulting in a simulation tool for rail noise that can help in practice.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.09.2023
Genetically modifying individual cells in animals
Genetically modifying individual cells in animals
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a method that lets them genetically modify each cell differently in animals. This allows them to study in a single experiment what used to require many animal experiments. Using the new method, the researchers have discovered genes that are relevant for a severe rare genetic disorder.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 20.09.2023
Artificial Intelligence tools shed light on millions of proteins
Artificial Intelligence tools shed light on millions of proteins
A research team at the University of Basel and the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics uncovered a treasure trove of uncharacterised proteins. Embracing the recent deep learning revolution, they discovered hundreds of new protein families and even a novel predicted protein fold. The study has now been published in "Nature".

Health - Pharmacology - 20.09.2023
Strengthening artificial immune cells to fight cancer
Scientists in Western Switzerland have discovered how to improve the anti-tumour power of CAR-T cells, artificial immune ''super-cells'' used against blood cancers. Among available immunotherapies, the use of 'CAR-T' cells is proving extremely effective against certain blood cancers, but only in half of patients.

Pedagogy - 19.09.2023
Breaking in the black box of pedagogical authority
Breaking in the black box of pedagogical authority
A team from the University of Geneva and HEP Vaud has developed an innovative method for studying teaching authority and assessing its effectiveness. How does pedagogical authority operate in the classroom? A team from the University of Geneva and the University of Teacher Education, State of Vaud (HEP Vaud) has produced one of the first in-depth field studies on this subject.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.09.2023
Understanding the ''dance'' of signalling proteins to stop inflammation
Understanding the ’’dance’’ of signalling proteins to stop inflammation
Inflammation is a normal response of our cells to fight stress, but too much of it can lead to a ''cytokine storm'' that can endanger life. A chain reaction of kinases activates the inflammatory response, like sequential switches. These enzymes have been heavily studied but little is known about their interactions, making it difficult to develop efficient drugs to target them.

Environment - 14.09.2023
How Europe's forests regenerate - without any human interference
How Europe’s forests regenerate - without any human interference
Forests renew themselves naturally. There has been very little research into how exactly this happens - until now. Researchers at ETH Zurich and WSL have set themselves the task of solving this puzzle. Tariche Bois Banal Natural Forest Reserve, Switzerland (Photograph: Markus Bolliger) Yannek Käber, a doctoral candidate in the Professorship of Forest Ecology at ETH Zurich, and his colleagues from ETH and WSL together with the European Forest Research Initiative (EuFoRIa, www.euforia-project.org), have taken a look at regeneration in protected European forests for the first time.

Environment - 14.09.2023
How forests regenerate - without interference
Forests renew themselves naturally. There has been very little research into how exactly this happens - until now. Researchers at ETH Zurich and WSL have set themselves the task of solving this puzzle. In brief Competition between trees is one of the driving forces in the natural regeneration of forests.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 13.09.2023
A human model for autism
A human model for autism
The CRISPR-Cas gene scissors enable researchers to study the genetic and cellular causes of autism in the lab - directly on human tissue. How does autism develop? Which genes and cells in the human brain contribute to it? A new brain organoid model allows researchers from the Department of Biosystems at ETH Zurich in Basel and colleagues from Vienna to investigate these questions in human cells.

Health - 13.09.2023
Why some treatments lose their effectiveness
Why some treatments lose their effectiveness
A recent study sheds light on why a proven treatment for lung cancer sometimes fails to work after a certain period of time. These new insights into changes in the immune system could make it possible to treat more patients with existing, highly effective drug therapies . Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death.

Health - Pharmacology - 12.09.2023
Immunity to COVID-19 reduces contagiousness
Immunity to COVID-19 reduces contagiousness
A team from the University of Geneva and the HUG analysed the contacts of 50,000 COVID-19 positive cases. Immunity following vaccination provides better protection for those around you. Nearly one in three people exposed to SARS-CoV2 is infected, and as many as two in five with the Omicron variant. In the case of immunity — conferred by vaccination, infection or a combination of the two — this rate drops to one in ten.

Sport - Health - 12.09.2023
Novel insights: How muscles change during endurance training
Novel insights: How muscles change during endurance training
The more we exercise our endurance, the fitter we become - and so do our muscles. They adapt to the load and are able to perform better for a longer period of time. A research team at the University of Basel has now uncovered fresh insights into these muscle adaptations through experiments conducted on mice.

Environment - Pedagogy - 12.09.2023
Children help create circular futures
Children help create circular futures
When the children's creativity meets scientific expertise, new ideas are born - for example, about what the sustainable world of tomorrow might look like.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 11.09.2023
Bacteria generate electricity from wastewater
In a breakthrough for the field of bioelectronics, researchers at EPFL have enhanced the ability of E. coli bacteria to generate electricity. The innovative approach only offers a sustainable solution for organic waste processing while outperforming previous state-of-the-art technologies, opening new horizons for versatile microbial electricity production.
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