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Health - Life Sciences - 15.06.2024
Cancer Research and Animal Models
Automatically generated provisional translation On Saturday, June 15th, the second edition of the National Day of Information on Laboratory Animals will be held. This event is promoted by the Swiss Association of Veterinarians in Industry and Research (SAVIR) in collaboration with the Swiss Society for Laboratory Animal Science (SGV) and Forschung für Leben (FfL).

Life Sciences - Health - 14.06.2024
The genetic 'switches' of bone growth
The genetic ’switches’ of bone growth
Scientists at the University of Geneva have identified the genetic sequences that regulate the activity of the genes responsible for bone growth. In mammals, only 3% of the genome consists of coding genes which, when transcribed into proteins, ensure the biological functions of the organism and the in-utero development of future individuals.

Microtechnics - Materials Science - 14.06.2024
Robots au chocolat for dessert?
Robots au chocolat for dessert?
A fully edible robot could soon end up on our plate if we overcome some technical hurdles, say scientists involved in RoboFood - an project which aims to marry robots and food. Robots and food have long been distant worlds: Robots are inorganic, bulky, and non-disposable; food is organic, soft, and biodegradable.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.06.2024
Gaining a better understanding of brittle bone disease - without animal experiments
Gaining a better understanding of brittle bone disease - without animal experiments
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed a cell-based bone model to help investigate the cause of this genetic condition. For someone suffering from brittle bone disease, life is fraught with complications. The slightest misstep, a seemingly harmless fall or even one false move can be all'it takes to leave them with a broken arm or leg.

History / Archeology - 13.06.2024
6,000 years ago, men and women had equal access to resources
6,000 years ago, men and women had equal access to resources
A team from the University of Geneva shows that all the people who lived and were buried in Barmaz necropolises (Switzerland) during the Neolithic period had the same access to food resources. Using isotope geochemistry, a team from the University of Geneva has uncovered new information about the Barmaz necropolis in Valais (Switzerland): 14% of the people buried 6,000 years ago at this site were not locals.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.06.2024
Impact of high-temperature heat storage on groundwater
Impact of high-temperature heat storage on groundwater
In a recently launched project, the aquatic research institute Eawag is investigating how the use of borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) affects the surrounding soil, the groundwater and the microorganisms living in it. In collaboration with Empa and its Demonstrator Energy Hub (ehub), a project is being developed in a unique setting on the campus in Dübendorf.

Agronomy / Food Science - 13.06.2024
Gender Equality Linked to Men Eating More Meat
In wealthier countries with greater gender equality, men are more likely to eat meat more frequently than women, a new study reveals. The research team, led by the University of Zurich, examined the meat consumption patterns of more than 20,000 people from 23 countries. The findings could inform strategies for promoting plant-based and cultured meat as viable alternatives to traditional meat consumption.

Physics - Innovation - 13.06.2024
Miniaturizing a laser on a photonic chip
Miniaturizing a laser on a photonic chip
Scientists at EPFL have successfully miniaturized a powerful erbium-based biber laser on a silicon-nitride photonic chip. Since typical erbium-based fiber lasers are large and difficult to scale down, the breakthrough promises major advances in optical communications and sensing technologies. Lasers have revolutionized the world since the 60's and are now indispensable in modern applications, from cutting-edge surgery and precise manufacturing to data transmission across optical fibers.

Life Sciences - 12.06.2024
Human Brains Can Tell Deepfake Voices from Real Ones
Human Brains Can Tell Deepfake Voices from Real Ones
Do our brains process natural voices and deepfake voices differently? Research conducted at the University of Zurich indicates that this is the case. In a new study, researchers have identified two brain regions that respond differently to natural and deepfake voices. Much like fingerprints, our voices are unique and can help us identify people.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 12.06.2024
Electrifying industry with flexible heat pumps
Electrifying industry with flexible heat pumps
Researchers from ETH Zurich and the Eastern Switzerland University of Applied Sciences have developed a novel solution for heat pumps. Using this new approach, companies can generate carbon-free process heat at temperatures of up to 200 degrees Celsius while also drastically reducing the number of different heat pumps required.

Life Sciences - 12.06.2024
Fruit fly brain shows how simple commands turn into complex behaviors
Fruit fly brain shows how simple commands turn into complex behaviors
Researchers at EPFL have discovered how networks of neurons in fruit flies transform simple brain signals into coordinated actions. This sheds light on the neural mechanisms underlying complex behaviors for potential application in robotics. Understanding how animals, including humans, transform brain signals into coordinated movements is a fundamental question in neuroscience.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.06.2024
Lung organoids unveil secret: How pathogens infect human lung tissue
Lung organoids unveil secret: How pathogens infect human lung tissue
How do pathogens invade the lungs? Using human lung microtissues, a team at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has uncovered the strategy used by a dangerous pathogen. The bacterium targets specific lung cells and has developed a sophisticated strategy to break through the lungs' line of defense.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 10.06.2024
Peers Crucial in Shaping Boys’ Confidence in Math Skills
Boys are good at math, girls not so much? A study from the University of Zurich has analyzed the social mechanisms that contribute to the gender gap in math confidence. While peer comparisons seem to play a crucial role for boys, girls' subjective evaluations are more likely to be based on objective performance.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 10.06.2024
First detection of frost on the Solar System's tallest volcanoes on Mars
First detection of frost on the Solar System’s tallest volcanoes on Mars
For the first time, water frost has been detected on the colossal volcanoes on Mars, which are the largest mountains in the Solar System. The international team led by the University of Bern used high-resolution color images from the Bernese Mars camera, CaSSIS, onboard the European Space Agency's ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter spacecraft.

Health - 06.06.2024
Researchers identify key differences in inner workings of immune cells
Researchers identify key differences in inner workings of immune cells
Using machine-learning methods, researchers at ETH Zurich have shown that more than half of all killer T cells exhibit nuclear invaginations, or folds in the cell's nuclear envelope. Thanks to this particular cellular architecture, such cells are able to mount a faster and stronger response to pathogens.

Health - Environment - 06.06.2024
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria in wastewater
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria in wastewater
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are a threat to health worldwide. This makes it all the more important not only to track their spread, but also to recognise trends. Over the course of a year, researchers have analysed wastewater from six wastewater treatment plants in Switzerland for the spread of antibiotic-resistant coliform bacteria.

Life Sciences - Environment - 06.06.2024
First Week after Birth Is Critical for Development of Senses
Researchers at UZH have found that the maturation of the senses for smell and touch is closely linked in mice and that this strong interaction takes place within a narrow developmental time window. These findings not only underline the importance of environmental stimuli for brain assembly in early life, but also the interdependent development of the senses.

Life Sciences - Environment - 06.06.2024
Fish out of water: How killifish embryos adapted their development
Fish out of water: How killifish embryos adapted their development
The annual killifish lives in regions with extreme drought. A research group at the University of Basel now reports in "Science" that the early embryogenesis of killifish diverges from that of other species. Unlike other fish, their body structure is not predetermined from the outset. This could enable the species to survive dry periods unscathed.

Health - 06.06.2024
Chronic Pain and Pastoralists in Ethiopia
Chronic Pain and Pastoralists in Ethiopia
Chronic pain is a significant global health concern and access to pain control is a basic human right. While the burden of chronic pain is well described in high-income countries, there is limited data in lowand middle-income countries (LMICs), in particular in marginalized communities such as pastoralists.

History / Archeology - 05.06.2024
Blood sausages and yak milk: Bronze Age cuisine of Mongolian nomads unveiled
Blood sausages and yak milk: Bronze Age cuisine of Mongolian nomads unveiled
Bronze cauldrons were used by the inhabitants of the Mongolian steppe around 2,700 years ago to process animal blood and milk. This is shown by a protein analysis of archaeological finds from this period. Scattered across the Eurasian steppe, archaeologists repeatedly come across metal cauldrons from the Bronze Age during excavations.
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