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Life Sciences - Health - 20.03.2024
Reducing the side effects of breast and ovarian cancer treatment
Reducing the side effects of breast and ovarian cancer treatment
By showing how a type of anticancer drug kills cancer cells and damages healthy cells, a team from the University of Geneva is paving the way for improved treatments. Some anti-cancer treatments not only target tumour cells but also healthy cells. If their effects on the latter are too strong, their use can become limiting.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 20.03.2024
Detecting storms thanks to GPS
Detecting storms thanks to GPS
Researchers at ETH Zurich have succeeded in detecting heavy precipitation events directly with GPS data. The results of their study could significantly improve meteorological monitoring and forecasting. An exceptionally severe storm swept over Zurich on 13 July 2021 shortly before 2 a.m.: howling squalls, constant lightning and torrential rain woke people up with a start.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.03.2024
Fighting heart attack down to the smallest vessels
Fighting heart attack down to the smallest vessels
Researchers in Bern have co-developed and tested a new method to combat the blockage of tiny coronary arteries after a heart attack. The new approach, born from a cooperation of engineers, clinicians, and industry, offers a treatment option to prevent the death of heart tissue after a heart attack, responsible for poor long-term patient health.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.03.2024
Inflammatory bowel disease after a stem cell transplant
A stem cell donation saves a leukemia sufferer's life. Five years later, the patient develops a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that occurs very rarely following a transplant. Researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel havestudied the case and are calling for more extensive genetic analyses in bone marrow donors.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 19.03.2024
AI-powered system maps corals in 3D in record time
AI-powered system maps corals in 3D in record time
An artificial intelligence system developed at EPFL can produce 3D maps of coral reefs from camera footage in just a few minutes. It marks a major leap forward in deep-sea exploration and conservation capabilities for organizations like the Transnational Red Sea Center (TRSC). Corals often provide a colorful backdrop to photographs of shimmering fish captured by amateur divers.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 18.03.2024
Two artificial intelligences talk to each other
Two artificial intelligences talk to each other
A team from the University of Geneva has developed an AI capable of learning a task solely on the basis of verbal instructions. And to do the same with a 'sister' AI. Performing a new task based solely on verbal or written instructions, and then describing it to others so that they can reproduce it, is a cornerstone of human communication that still resists artificial intelligence (AI).

Chemistry - 18.03.2024
Using light to produce medication and plastics more efficiently
Using light to produce medication and plastics more efficiently
Anyone who wants to produce medication, plastics or fertilizer using conventional methods needs heat for chemical reactions - but not so with photochemistry, where light provides the energy. The process to achieve the desired product also often takes fewer intermediate steps. Researchers from the University of Basel are now going one step further and are demonstrating how the energy efficiency of photochemical reactions can be increased tenfold.

Environment - 18.03.2024
Sustainable plastics from agricultural waste
Sustainable plastics from agricultural waste
Scientists have developed a sustainable method to make high-performance plastics from agricultural leftovers, turning them into valuable materials. In our rapidly industrialized world, the quest for sustainable materials has never been more urgent. Plastics, ubiquitous in daily life, pose significant environmental challenges, primarily due to their fossil fuel origins and problematic disposal.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 15.03.2024
The baritone of Red Giants refines cosmic distance measurements
The baritone of Red Giants refines cosmic distance measurements
A fresh look at red giant stars offers key insights into cosmic distance measurements and a way to measure the Universe's expansion with the highest accuracy. In a constantly expanding universe, measuring cosmic distances is like trying to find a reliable ruler in a vast, ever-stretching fabric. One tool that astrophysicists use is the Hubble constant, (H0), which measures how fast the Universe is expanding and sets the age and observable size of the Universe.

Environment - 14.03.2024
Impact of climate change on biodiversity
Impact of climate change on biodiversity
Ecological communities in rivers and lakes are responding to climate change in a similar way to communities on land. This is shown by the first comprehensive comparison of freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems around the globe, co-led by Eawag and WSL. When temperatures rise, warm-loving species are the main beneficiaries.

Life Sciences - 14.03.2024
Sleep-wake rhythm: Fish change our understanding of sleep regulation
Sleep-wake rhythm: Fish change our understanding of sleep regulation
Contrary to common belief, not all vertebrates regulate their sleep-wake rhythm in the same way. University of Basel researchers have discovered that some fish - unlike humans - do not need orexin to stay awake. This molecule was thought to be necessary for normal wake and sleep rhythms in vertebrates.

Computer Science - 14.03.2024
Does Artificial Intelligence work in English?
Does Artificial Intelligence work in English?
Researchers have shown that large language models primarily trained on English text seem to use English internally, even when they are prompted in another language. As AI increasingly runs our lives, this may have important consequences regarding linguistic and cultural bias. Large language models (LLMs) including Open AI's ChatGPT and Google's Gemini have taken the world by storm, surprising with their ability to understand and respond to users with seemingly natural speech.

Physics - Electroengineering - 13.03.2024
A new ion trap for larger quantum computers
A new ion trap for larger quantum computers
Researchers at ETH have managed to trap ions using static electric and magnetic fields and to perform quantum operations on them. In the future such traps could be used to realize quantum computers with far more quantum bits than have been possible up to now. The energy states of electrons in an atom follow the laws of quantum mechanics: they are not continuously distributed but restricted to certain well-defined values - this is also called quantisation.

Microtechnics - Health - 13.03.2024
Robotic interface masters a soft touch
Researchers have developed a haptic device capable of reproducing the softness of various materials, from a marshmallow to a beating heart, overcoming a deceptively complex challenge that has previously eluded roboticists. The perception of softness can be taken for granted, but it plays a crucial role in many actions and interactions - from judging the ripeness of an avocado to conducting a medical exam, or holding the hand of a loved one.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.03.2024
The surprising effect of presence hallucinations on social perception
The surprising effect of presence hallucinations on social perception
EPFL neuroscientists have devised a way to alter our social perception and monitor specific types of hallucinations, both in healthy individuals and patients with Parkinson's disease. The test, which is also available online, provides the medical community with a tool to monitor hallucination susceptibility.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.03.2024
Maternal obesity may promote liver cancer
Maternal obesity may promote liver cancer
A team from the University of Geneva and the HUG has revealed the role of the microbiota in the increased risk of developing liver disease in the offspring of mothers suffering from obesity. Obesity, which could reach 50% of the population in certain developed countries by 2030, is a major public health concern.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.03.2024
A new direction for cancer research
A new direction for cancer research
In collaboration with University Hospital Basel, researchers from ETH are investigating the early stages of bladder cancer. Their findings show that future research should also focus on mechanical changes in tumour tissue. Dagmar Iber is Professor of Computational Biology at ETH's Department of Biosystems Science and Engineering in Basel.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.03.2024
Cutting-edge research from Basel
Cutting-edge research from Basel
From new tests and therapies to the fundamental principles of biology: five compelling examples of the benefits of new bioengineering technologies. Better cancer therapies Certain immune cells can attack tumours - but cells derived from donor blood can pose a risk to recipients. Now, a group of researchers led by ETH professor Sai Reddy has managed to modify the immune cells of donor blood to make them safe to administer.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.03.2024
Mini-organs with big potential
Mini-organs with big potential
Organoids grown from human stem cells can help provide answers to important medical questions. In a partnership that looks set to profit both sides, ETH professor Barbara Treutlein has teamed up with pharma giant Roche to advance research in this area. The clumps of cells are modest in size, ranging from just a few millimetres to a couple of centimetres - yet their impact on medical research could be huge.

Life Sciences - Health - 12.03.2024
Designed for bold visions
Designed for bold visions
The idea of ETH Zurich establishing a Department of Biosystems in Basel once seemed unachievable. Today, the department occupies a new building where the dividing lines between biology, computer science and engineering are blurred - and researchers increasingly focus on medical applications An impressive sight awaits first-time visitors to the new BSS building.
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