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Environment - Health - 19.05.2020
How does an increase in nitrogen application affect grasslands?
How does an increase in nitrogen application affect grasslands?
The "PaNDiv" experiment, established by researchers of the University of Bern on a 3000 m2 field site, is the largest biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiment in Switzerland and aims to better understand how increases in nitrogen affect grasslands. The first article from this experiment has just been published in the scientific journal Functional Ecology after more than four years of work.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.05.2020
A deeper connection to hyaline fibromatosis syndrome
EPFL scientists have uncovered the molecular biology behind Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome, a severe genetic disease. Hyaline Fibromatosis Syndrome (HFS) is a rare but severe genetic disease that affects babies, children, and adults. Hyaline, a glassy substance, accumulates in the skin and various organs, and causes painful deformities that can lead to an early death.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.05.2020
Designing vaccines from artificial proteins
Designing vaccines from artificial proteins
EPFL scientists have developed a new computational approach to create artificial proteins, which showed promising results in vivo as functional vaccines. This approach opens the possibility to engineer safer and more effective vaccines. Vaccines are one of the most effective interventions to prevent the spreading of infectious diseases.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.05.2020
Geography of childhood cancer in Switzerland studied
Geography of childhood cancer in Switzerland studied
A research group under the direction of the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine of the University Bern has investigated the spatial distribution of childhood cancer risks in Switzerland for the period 1985-2015. The group found evidence of increased risks in certain areas, particularly for brain tumors.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.05.2020
Molecular Signatures can Predict the Efficacy of Malaria Vaccines
Molecular Signatures can Predict the Efficacy of Malaria Vaccines
A new study reveals that it is possible to identify those individuals that will be protected by the malaria vaccine before its administration. The researchers also found that boosting the immune system before vaccination could potentially improve vaccine efficacy. The study was published yesterday in Science Translational Medicine by ISGlobal in partnership with the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and other partners.

Health - Materials Science - 14.05.2020
How to assure high-quality masks
How to assure high-quality masks
Empa researchers have worked with the Swiss textile industry to develop technologies and quality standards for textile masks. Hence so-called community masks can now be produced in Switzerland. In order to be able to provide Switzerland with effective protective material during the corona crisis, Empa researchers, together with the textile industry and other partners, have been working under high pressure in recent weeks on technologies and quality standards for so-called community masks.

Health - Environment - 11.05.2020
From STI to Swiss TPH: 2009-2019
From STI to Swiss TPH: 2009-2019
Ten years ago, the former Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM) within the University of Basel's Faculty of Medicine was integrated into the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI). Since then, topics such as air pollution, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes have been high on the agenda at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), as it is called today.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.05.2020
IOR researchers suggest that androgen-deprivation treatments for prostate cancer could protect men from COVID-19
The so-called "androgen-deprivation" treatments used in prostate cancer therapy may have a protective effect against COVID-19. A study conducted by the Istitute of Oncology Research (IOR, affiliated to USI) based on health data obtained from the Veneto region in Italy has observed a lower risk of developing the coronavirus disease for men subject to this type of therapy.

Health - Environment - 11.05.2020
10 Years Swiss TPH: Integration of the ISPM into the Former Swiss Tropical Institute
10 Years Swiss TPH: Integration of the ISPM into the Former Swiss Tropical Institute
Ten years ago, the former Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM) within the University of Basel's Faculty of Medicine was integrated into the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI). Since then, topics such as air pollution, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes have been high on the agenda at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), as it is called today.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.05.2020
Lipid Metabolism Controls Brain Development
Lipid Metabolism Controls Brain Development
A lipid metabolism enzyme controls brain stem cell activity and lifelong brain development. If the enzyme does not work correctly, it causes learning and memory deficits in humans and mice, as researchers at the University of Zurich have discovered. Regulating stem cell activity via lipid metabolism could lead to new treatments for brain diseases.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.05.2020
Prostate cancer treatment may protect from COVID-19
Androgen-deprivation therapy could protect against infection with SARS-CoV-2 and against severe disease progression. This is suggested by a study led by a professor from the Università della Svizzera Italiana and ETH Zurich. Male cancer patients have a 1.8-fold increased risk of COVID-19 infection compared to the whole male population and develop a more severe disease.

Career - Health - 06.05.2020
Workers Happy despite Crisis and Uncertainty
Workers Happy despite Crisis and Uncertainty
In general, workers in Switzerland and Germany are coping well with the Covid-19 crisis and the associated social disruption. They are feeling happier and finding it easier to unwind and balance work and private life. They are also more engaged at work than last year, a survey among 600 participants carried out by researchers of the University of Zurich shows.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.05.2020
Protective shield: How pathogens withstand acidic environments in the body
Protective shield: How pathogens withstand acidic environments in the body
Certain bacteria, including the dangerous nosocomial pathogen MRSA, can protect themselves from acidic conditions in our body and thus ensure their survival. Researchers at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel have now elucidated an important mechanism in this process. A transport protein involved in cell wall biosynthesis plays a key role, they report Structural & Molecular Biology.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.05.2020
Bern coronavirus clone goes "viral"
Researchers in virology and veterinary bacteriology at the University of Bern have cloned the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). The synthetic clones are being used by research groups worldwide to test corona samples, find antiviral drugs and develop vaccines as quickly as possible. The method developed in Bern can also be used in future to combat other highly infectious viruses.

Architecture - Health - 04.05.2020
Epidiemology and urban planning: the views of Sascha Roesler on the NZZ
What is the relationship between epidiemology and urban planning? Sascha Roesler, assistant professor at the USI Academy of Achitecture (Institute for the History and Theory of Art and Architecture, ISA), explores the subject in a recently published article in the Neue Zürcher Zeitung and with a short video, showing how these two concepts have a common history and future.

Health - 04.05.2020
Coronavirus lockdown: Every second person feels more stressed
Coronavirus lockdown: Every second person feels more stressed
A survey by the University of Basel of over 10,000 people from throughout Switzerland has shown that around half of respondents feel more stressed in lockdown than they did before the coronavirus crisis. In the lockdown phase under study, the frequency of severe depressive symptoms almost tripled. On the other hand, 26% of respondents reported a drop in stress during lockdown.

Health - Environment - 30.04.2020
Covid-19: using wastewater to track the pandemic
EPFL researchers, working in association with the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag), have developed a method for detecting the novel coronavirus in wastewater samples. Their method has been tested successfully on samples collected during the first phase of the pandemic, paving the way to an early-stage warning system.

Health - Environment - 30.04.2020
Tracking the course of the pandemic in wastewater
Tracking the course of the pandemic in wastewater
"Detection and quantification of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater" - research projects on this scale generally take several years. But now, thanks to major efforts, a group of scientists led by Professor Tamar Kohn (Environmental Chemistry Laboratory) at EPFL and Dr Christoph Ort (Urban Water Management) and Dr Tim Julian (Environmental Microbiology) at Eawag have shown that an idea like this can be realised within a matter of weeks.

Health - Pharmacology - 30.04.2020
High Cost of Cancer Drugs Not Always Justified
High Cost of Cancer Drugs Not Always Justified
Do high prices of some cancer medicines have a higher benefit than those drugs with lower prices' An international UZH study has concluded that, in general, there is no correlation between costs of a cancer drugs and their clinical benefit. The researchers are therefore calling for the clinical benefit of drugs to be better reflected in pricing.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.04.2020
Why does COVID-19 affect old people more than young people?
Why does COVID-19 affect old people more than young people?
As we age, our lung tissue becomes stiffer - and this is a phenomenon that SARS-CoV-2 may be exploiting. Caroline Uhler and G. V. Shivashankar outline their hypothesis. The new coronavirus strikes both young and old. But the more severe cases and the higher rates of death are among the elderly.