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Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 12.07.2018
New control of cell division discovered
New control of cell division discovered
When a cell divides, its constituents are usually evenly distributed among the daughter cells. UZH researchers have now identified an enzyme that guarantees that cell constituents that are concentrated in organelles without a membrane are properly distributed. Their discovery opens up new opportunities for the treatment of cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, aging processes and viral infections.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 11.07.2018
Measuring the Effects of Drugs on Cancer Cells
Measuring the Effects of Drugs on Cancer Cells
A new approach established at the University of Zurich sheds light on the effects of anti-cancer drugs and the defense mechanisms of cancer cells. The method makes it possible to quickly test various drugs and treatment combinations at the cellular level. Cancer cells are cells over which the human body has lost control.

Life Sciences - Environment - 11.07.2018
Drones survey African wildlife
Drones survey African wildlife
In collaboration with a nature reserve in Namibia, researchers are developing a new approach to counting animals: combining drone flights and automated image analysis. A new technique developed by Swiss researchers enables fast and accurate counting of gnu, oryx and other large mammals living in wildlife reserves.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 10.07.2018
Every Person Has a Unique Brain Anatomy
Every Person Has a Unique Brain Anatomy
Like with fingerprints, no two people have the same brain anatomy, a study by researchers of the University of Zurich has shown. This uniqueness is the result of a combination of genetic factors and individual life experiences. The fingerprint is unique in every individual: As no two fingerprints are the same, they have become the go-to method of identity verification for police, immigration authorities and smartphone producers alike.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 09.07.2018
Identification of a new cell type regulating antibody responses
Identification of a new cell type regulating antibody responses
Identification of a new cell type regulating antibody responses A study by the research group of Prof. Sanjiv Luther at the Department of Biochemistry has identified a new fibroblast cell type

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 02.07.2018
Loss of Cilia Leads to Melanoma
Melanomas are one of the most aggressive types of tumors in humans. Despite remarkable success with new forms of treatment such as immunotherapies, there are still many melanoma patients who cannot be cured or who later suffer a recurrence of the disease following successful treatment. An in-depth understanding of the tumor's biology is thus essential for developing novel therapeutic approaches.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.06.2018
Tracking cancer-cell development with
Tracking cancer-cell development with "drinkable" electronic sensors
Thanks to an unorthodox approach being proposed by EPFL researchers, patients may soon be able to track their illness simply by drinking a solution containing millions of tiny electronic sensors disguised as bacteria. Imagine being able to track the development of diseased cells in real time, simply by having patients drink a glass of water containing millions of tiny electronic biosensors.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
Fat cells control fat cell growth
Fat cells control fat cell growth
Researchers from ETH Zurich and EPFL have discovered a new type of fat cell that suppresses the growth of new fat cells. This opens up new avenues for preventing obesity-related diseases. Obesity is the plague of our times. Some 80 percent of obese people will develop Type 2 diabetes at some point in their lives, and being overweight is also a significant risk factor for cancer and heart attacks.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
The cells that control the formation of fat
The cells that control the formation of fat
A study led by researchers in Switzerland has revealed a new cell type that resides in the body's fat depots where it can actively suppress fat cell formation. This discovery was made using single-cell transcriptomics and opens entirely new avenues to combat obesity and related diseases such as diabetes.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
A dual-therapy approach to boost motor recovery after a stroke
A dual-therapy approach to boost motor recovery after a stroke
EPFL scientists have shown that combining a brain-computer interface (BCI) with functional electrical stimulation (FES) can help stroke victims recover greater use of their paralyzed arm - even years after the stroke. Paralysis of an arm and/or leg is one of the most common effects of a stroke.

Environment - Life Sciences - 19.06.2018
Palm oil: the carbon cost of deforestation
Palm oil: the carbon cost of deforestation
Palm oil has become part of our daily lives, but a recent study by EPFL and the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL) serves as a reminder that intensive farming of this crop has a major impact on the environment. Both shortand long-term solutions exist, however. Indonesia and Malaysia together account for nearly 85% of global palm oil production.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 18.06.2018
New defense mechanism against oxygen radicals discovered
New defense mechanism against oxygen radicals discovered
Oxygen radicals occur as a by-product when living beings burn carbohydrates or fat. They are suspected of accelerating the ageing process in humans and animals, and to be partly responsible for severe illnesses such as Alzheimer's or certain types of cancer. Researchers at the University of Bern and the University of Stockholm have now discovered a so far unknown defense mechanism against oxygen radicals which could serve as a base for various medications.

Life Sciences - 18.06.2018
How to track and trace a protein: Nanosensors monitor intracellular deliveries
How to track and trace a protein: Nanosensors monitor intracellular deliveries
Researchers at the University of Basel's Biozentrum have developed a method for tracing the movement of proteins within the cell. They tagged proteins with tiny nanosensors, so-called nanobodies, which enable the scientists to live track and trace the proteins' pathway through the cell. The method described in the current issue of PNAS is suitable for a wide range of research purposes.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 15.06.2018
The neurons that rewrite traumatic memories
Neuroscientists at EPFL have located the cells that help reprogram long-lasting memories of traumatic experiences towards safety, a first in neuroscience. Memories of traumatic experiences can lead to mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can destroy a person's life.

Life Sciences - Physics / Materials Science - 14.06.2018
Biological light sensor filmed in action
Biological light sensor filmed in action
Film shows one of the fastest processes in biology Using X-ray laser technology, a team led by researchers of the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI has recorded one of the fastest processes in biology. In doing so, they produced a molecular movie that reveals how the light sensor retinal is activated in a protein molecule.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 13.06.2018
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Scientists from EPFL and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have carried out one of the most extensive lipidomics studies to date, connecting almost 150 different lipid species to their respective genetic regulators, revealing signatures of metabolic health and disease. Published in two papers in Cell Systems, the study is a landmark for metabolic health science.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 12.06.2018
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Doctors are increasingly fighting cancer by stimulating patients' immune systems. SNSF-supported researchers have now discovered a method for predicting the likelihood of treatment success. Immunotherapy changes a patient's immune system to allow it to attack cancer cells and either destroy them or at least keep them from growing.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 11.06.2018
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
Until now, it was thought that multiple brain areas were needed to control sleep and wakefulness. Neuroscientists from Bern have now identified one single control center for the sleep-wake cycle in the brain. The findings are of great importance for finding new sleep therapies. Every night we spend several hours asleep and every morning we awaken to go about our lives.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 07.06.2018
Individual
Individual "Names" Reveal Complex Relationships in Male Bottlenose Dolphins
Male bottlenose dolphins retain their individual ‘names' well into adulthood. Similar to humans, this plays a central role in forming and maintaining complex social relationships, recent findings carried out by researchers at the universities of Zurich and Western Australia suggest. Dolphins form long-lasting alliances in which they give each other mutual support.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 06.06.2018
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
The human intestine constantly renews itself. Alone in the colon - the last 1.5 meters of the gastrointestinal tract - 10 billion epithelial cells are replaced each day. The intestinal epithelium is the layer of cells that forms the lining of both the small and large intestine and is responsible for absorbing nutrients.
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