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Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
18.10.2017
Possible new immune therapy target in lung cancer
Possible new immune therapy target in lung cancer
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) A study from Bern University Hospital in collaboration with the University of Bern shows that so-called perivascular-like cells from lung tumors behave abnormally. They not only inadequately support vascular structures, but also may actively modulate the inflammatory and immune response.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
18.10.2017
Rapid environmental change makes species more vulnerable to extinction
Rapid environmental change makes species more vulnerable to extinction
When species interact with each other, they do not evolve separately, but do so together. This process is called coevolution. Natural selection favors predators that are better at capturing prey, and it favors prey with better defenses for escaping predators. Among mutualistic biological communities, where two species mutually benefit from their relationship, natural selection favors, for example, plants that are better at being pollinated by insects as well as insects that are better at extracting pollen and nectar from flowers.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
09.10.2017
The female brain reacts more strongly to prosocial behavior
The female brain reacts more strongly to prosocial behavior
Behavioral experiments have shown that when women share a sum of money more generously than men. To gain a more in-depth understanding of this behavior, neuroscientists from the Department of Economics looked at the areas of the brain that are active when decisions of this kind are made. They are the first to demonstrate that the brains of men and women respond differently to prosocial and selfish behavior.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
02.10.2017
Our muscles measure the time of day
Our muscles measure the time of day
Researchers funded by the SNSF have discovered a biological clock at work in our muscle cells. It could be a factor in regulating our metabolism and play a role in diabetes. Biological clocks are ticking everywhere throughout our body. They trigger the release of the hormone melatonin during sleep, favour the secretion of digestive enzymes at lunchtime or keep us awake at the busiest moments of the day.
Life Sciences - History/Archeology
29.09.2017
Two items of anthology now stored for eternity in DNA
Two items of anthology now stored for eternity in DNA
Thanks to an innovative technology for encoding data in DNA strands, two items of world heritage - songs recorded at the Montreux Jazz Festival and digitized by EPFL - have been safeguarded for eternity.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
27.09.2017
Emerging infectious disease threatens Darwin's frog with extinction
Emerging infectious disease threatens Darwin’s frog with extinction
The Darwin's frog ( Rhinoderma darwinii ) is the latest amphibian species to face extinction due to the global chytridiomycosis pandemic, according to an international study published today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. The study has found that Darwin's frogs are infected with the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis ( Bd ), and despite an absence of obvious mortality researchers have noted population declines, leading them to believe that these infected populations are at a serious risk of extinction within 15 years of contracting the disease.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
25.09.2017
Bacterial Nanosized Speargun Works Like a Power Drill
Bacterial Nanosized Speargun Works Like a Power Drill
In order to get rid of unpleasant competitors, some bacteria use a sophisticated weapon - a nanosized speargun.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
21.09.2017
Tumor metabolism helps classify hepatoblastoma
Tumor metabolism helps classify hepatoblastoma
Looking at cell metabolism instead of histology, EPFL scientists have identified new biomarkers that could help more accurately classify the two main subtypes of hepatoblastoma, a liver cancer in children. Hepatoblastoma is a rare pediatric liver cancer, usually diagnosed in the first three years of life.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.09.2017
A new approach to high insulin levels
A new approach to high insulin levels
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a serious yet poorly understood condition. Research funded by the SNSF has discovered how it is caused by a genetic mutation. Diabetes is characterised by a deficiency of insulin. The opposite is the case in congenital hyperinsulinism: patients produce the hormone too frequently and in excessive quantities, even if they haven't eaten any carbohydrates.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
14.09.2017
Unexpected facets of Antarctica emerge from the labs
Unexpected facets of Antarctica emerge from the labs
Six months after the Antarctic Circumnavigation Expedition ended, the teams that ran the 22 scientific projects are hard at work sorting through the many samples they collected. Some preliminary findings were announced during a conference in Crans Montana organized by the Swiss Polar Institute, who just appointed Konrad Steffen as new academic director.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
11.09.2017
How Liver Cancer Develops
How Liver Cancer Develops
Liver cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death and represents the fastest rising cancer worldwide. In most cases, the tumor develops in patients with chronic liver disease. Such diseases include chronic infections with hepatitis viruses or a so-called fatty liver due to nutritional or genetically caused lipometabolic disorders or an excessive consumption of alcohol.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
07.09.2017
Trigger for Fatty Liver in Obesity
Trigger for Fatty Liver in Obesity
In Switzerland, about every tenth adult suffers from morbid obesity. Such corpulence can not only lead to diabetes or cardiovascular disease, but also to fat accumulation in the liver. Worldwide, about 25 to 30 percent of all adults and increasingly children are affected by such steatosis - becoming the most frequent liver disease in recent years.
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences
07.09.2017
New microscopy method offers one-shot 3D imaging of nanostructures
New microscopy method offers one-shot 3D imaging of nanostructures
EPFL scientists have developed a scanning transmission electron microscopy method that can quickly and efficiently generate 3D representations of curvilinear nanostructures. Image caption: Superposed, tilt-less electron microscopy stereo image (color-filtered) of carbon nanospheres decorated with nanoparticles.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
05.09.2017
The STING of death in'T cells
The STING of death in’T cells
EPFL scientists show that the STING signaling pathway, which helps coordinate the innate immune system, causes cell death in T cells of the adaptive immune system. This "killing" effect includes cancerous T cells, and has implications for treating T cell-derived cancers. The cells of the innate immune system use a signaling pathway comprising STING (Stimulator of interferon genes) to detect DNA from invading viruses and fight them.
Life Sciences
05.09.2017
First Detailed Decoding of Complex Finger Millet Genome
First Detailed Decoding of Complex Finger Millet Genome
Finger millet has two important properties: The grain is rich in important minerals and resistant towards drought and heat.
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
05.09.2017
Combating Japanese Beetles with Fungi
Combating Japanese Beetles with Fungi
Zurich-Reckenholz, 05.09.2017 - In June of this year, the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) was detected for the first time in Switzerland, in the canton of Ticino. Considered to be a quarantine pest, it is subject to obligatory control. Agroscope researchers are testing whether this quarantine pest can be controlled with fungi that are effective against May and June beetles.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
01.09.2017
A cancer therapy that inhibits the Notch signaling pathway
A cancer therapy that inhibits the Notch signaling pathway
EPFL spin-off Cellestia Biotech has just been given the regulatory go-ahead to start clinical testing a molecule it has developed to treat cancers involving mutations of the Notch gene. The molecule is a ray of hope for the 250,000 patients diagnosed every year with this mutation, which sharply reduces their chances of recovery.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
30.08.2017
An unusual delivery service
An unusual delivery service
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) Is it better to produce locally or to import? That can be a crucial question for simple lifeforms as well. Mitochondria, the power plants of the cell, have their own protein factories although the cell apparatus could easily do the job for them.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.08.2017
Worm infection reveals cross-talk in the lymph nodes
Worm infection reveals cross-talk in the lymph nodes
By studying a worm infection, EPFL scientists have discovered how lymphatic vessels grow within lymph nodes, with major implications for cancer and inflammation. Lymph nodes are small, kidney-shaped organs found throughout the body. Full of immune cells, their function is to clear out foreign objects and support the immune system.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.08.2017
Chronic Lack of Sleep Increases Risk-Seeking
Chronic Lack of Sleep Increases Risk-Seeking
Young adults have a natural sleep requirement of about 9 hours a day on average, older adults 7.5 hours.
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