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Life Sciences - 30.11.2011
The importance of wine swirling
The importance of wine swirling
Every wine aficionado knows that wine has to be swirled in a glass in order for it to release its aroma.

Life Sciences - 28.11.2011
Finger malformation reveals surprise
Finger malformation reveals surprise
Explaining the diversity of leg shapes in the animal kingdom and hereditary defects in finger Scientists have discovered a genetic mechanism that defines the shape of our members in which, surprisingly, genes play only a secondary role.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.11.2011
Repairing UV damage in the skin
Repairing UV damage in the skin
Scientists have elucidated the mechanisms underlying the repair of UV-induced damage in DNA, which frequently causes skin cancer. The protein structures additionally determined by these researchers will improve our understanding of how the body protects itself against skin cancer. These studies lay the foundations for the development of a new class of anti cancer agents.

Life Sciences - 04.11.2011
Enzymatic complex revealed
Enzymatic complex revealed
Researchers have now completed the three-dimensional structure of the ribosome from a higher organism. Ribosomes are cellular machines responsible for protein synthesis. Their structure will facilitate the development of drugs against bacteria, fungi or viruses. The machinery that reads genetic information within a cell and translates it into corresponding proteins, the so-called ribosome, is among the most complex cellular enzymes known in biology.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.08.2011
Combating fungal diseases
Combating fungal diseases
Scientists have discovered a potential new approach for inhibiting the growth of pathogenic fungi. Ultimately, immunocompromised patients with fungal infections, in particular, could benefit from this work. As temperatures soar and more and more people cool off at outdoor pools, the incidence of so called swimmer's ear - an infection of the ear canal - also rises.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 17.08.2011
Holograms Reveal Brain's Workings,
Holograms Reveal Brain’s Workings,
Like far away galaxies, powerful tools are required to bring the minute inner workings of neurons into focus. A team of scientists report how Digital Holographic Microscopy (DHM) can now be used to observe neuronal activity in real-time and in three dimensions—with up to 50 times greater resolution than ever before.

Life Sciences - Physics - 27.07.2011
A closer look at cells
A closer look at cells
Many substances and nutrients are exchanged across the cell membrane. Scientists have developed a method to observe these exchanges, by taking a highly accurate count of the number of proteins found there. Proteins on the cell surface play an essential role in the survival of the cell. They govern the exchanges between the interior and the exterior.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 04.05.2011
Robots learn sharing
Robots learn sharing
An evolutionary robotics experiment supports Hamilton's rule of altruism and improves swarm robotics collaboration as a result. Using simple robots to simulate genetic evolution over hundreds of generations, researchers shed light on one of the most enduring puzzles in biology: Why do most social animals, including humans, go out of their way to help each other?

Life Sciences - 02.05.2011
Brain structures associated with learning discovered
Brain structures associated with learning discovered
Scientists have discovered neuronal connections which are formed in the brain when learning occurs, and which ensure the precision of memory.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.04.2011
HIV: alerts sent by a protein
HIV: alerts sent by a protein
Scientists now understand how the TRIM5 protein works and particularly how it temporarily blocks spread of the retrovirus in humans.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.03.2011
Basic structures of sight deciphered
Basic structures of sight deciphered
During the process of sight, light passes into the eye and triggers a whole series of chemical reactions.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.02.2011
DNA mandalas
DNA mandalas
Mandalas are symbolic illustrations in Hinduism and Buddhism that have been created for religious purposes for many thousands of years.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.12.2010
How the eye builds circuits to detect motion
How the eye builds circuits to detect motion
Scientists could explain how the eye creates circuits to analyze motion. The detection of motion in the retina is based on circuit asymmetry, a fundamental computational principle in the brain.

Life Sciences - 11.11.2010
Circuitry of fear identified
Circuitry of fear identified
Neurobiologists have identified, for the first time, clearly defined neural circuits responsible for the processing of fear states. These findings could ultimately help people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder or anxiety disorders. Fear arises in the almond-shaped brain structure known as the amygdala.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.08.2010
Cells changing track: thymus cells transform into skin cells
Cells changing track: thymus cells transform into skin cells
Taking one type of cell and transforming it into another type is now possible. Cells taken from the thymus have been transformed into skin cells - a discovery that may have important ramifications for the field of organ regeneration.

Life Sciences - Earth Sciences - 04.08.2010
The oldest dog of the world
The oldest dog of the world
A fossil found more than 100 years ago in a cave in Switzerland may belong to the oldest domestic dog in the world.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.06.2010
Protein restores vision in blind animals
Protein restores vision in blind animals
Scientists restore vision in retinitis pigmentosa using an archaebacterial protein.

Environment - Life Sciences - 24.06.2010
Decline of freshwater species
Decline of freshwater species
The decline of biodiversity represents a loss of natural capital for future generations. Freshwater ecosystems are particularly affected, as they harbour disproportionately high levels of biodiversity.

Health - Life Sciences - 12.04.2010
One Molecule Opens the Door to New Treatments for Depression
One Molecule Opens the Door to New Treatments for Depression
There has been little progress in the way we treat depression and anxiety for over thirty years, but a recent study may open the door to new strategies.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.03.2010
How the demons of dementia possess and damage brain cells
How the demons of dementia possess and damage brain cells
Alzheimer's disease currently affects more than 26 million people worldwide and estimates of up to four times as many sufferers by 2050 has made studying its causes a top priority for neuroscientists.
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