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Medicine/Pharmacology



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Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
26.04.2017
Novel Antibiotic Resistance gene in Milk
Novel Antibiotic Resistance gene in Milk
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) Researchers of the University of Bern have identified a new antibiotic resistance gene in bacteria from dairy cows. This gene confers resistance to all beta-lactam antibiotics including the last generation of cephalosporins used against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
Medicine/Pharmacology
12.04.2017
Targeting blood vessels to improve cancer immunotherapy
Targeting blood vessels to improve cancer immunotherapy
EPFL scientists have improved the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy by blocking two proteins that regulate the growth of tumor blood vessels. Cancer immunotherapy aims to enhance or restore the ability of the patient's immune system - namely T'cells - to recognize and attack cancer. But tumors use several strategies to fight back immune attacks, making immunotherapy efficacious only in a minority of the patients.
Medicine/Pharmacology
10.04.2017
Medically monitoring premature babies with cameras
Medically monitoring premature babies with cameras
Researchers at EPFL and CSEM have developed a contactless and wireless camera system to continuously monitor the vital signs of premature babies. This system could replace skin sensors, which cause false alarms nearly 90% of the time. Preliminary tests will soon be carried out on newborns at University Hospital Zurich, a partner in the project.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
04.04.2017
Using drugs to weaken traumatic memories
Physical violence, war or a natural disaster can trigger posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Those affected keep reliving the traumatic event – through memories that hit them out of the blue or as recurring nightmares. As this psychological wound can't always be treated successfully with psychotherapy, scientists have long been looking for a way to influence trauma memory using drugs.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
03.04.2017
Society considers people with mental illnesses to be more dangerous than they are
Society considers people with mental illnesses to be more dangerous than they are
How dangerous does the general public consider mentally ill people to be? Scientists at the University of Basel and the University Psychiatric Clinics Basel have investigated the factors that influence social stigma.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
30.03.2017
Anti-cancer drug gets a boost when combined with antirheumatic
Anti-cancer drug gets a boost when combined with antirheumatic
Scientists at EPFL and NTU have discovered that combining an anticancer drug with an antirheumatic produces improved effects against tumors. The discovery opens a new path for drug-drug synergy. One of the goals in pharmacology is to increase the efficiency of drugs by minimizing their side effects.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
28.03.2017
Inflammation awakens sleepers
Inflammation awakens sleepers
The inflammatory response that is supposed to ward off pathogens that cause intestinal disease makes this even worse.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.03.2017
Cracking the code of Huntington's disease
Cracking the code of Huntington's disease
Huntington's disease is caused by a gene mutation that causes a protein to build up in the brain. In a world first, EPFL scientists have synthesized and studied modified forms of a mutant part of the protein, deepening our understanding of how it contributes to the disease, and pointing to new therapeutic strategies for treating it.
Computer Science/Telecom - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.03.2017
When deep learning mistakes a coffee-maker for a cobra
When deep learning mistakes a coffee-maker for a cobra
‘Is this your sister'' That's the kind of question asked by image-recognition systems, which are becoming increasingly prevalent in our everyday devices. They may soon be used for tumor detection and genomics, too. These systems rely on what is known as ‘deep-learning' architectures - an exciting new development in artificial learning.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
21.03.2017
Testing the Efficacy of New Gene Therapies More Efficiently
Testing the Efficacy of New Gene Therapies More Efficiently
Chronic Granulomatous Disease is a hereditary disease of the immune system. Due to a gene defect, phagocytes of affected patients are unable to kill ingested bacteria and fungi.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
08.03.2017
The proteins that domesticated our genomes
The proteins that domesticated our genomes
EPFL scientists have carried out a genomic and evolutionary study of a large and enigmatic family of human proteins, to demonstrate that it is responsible for harnessing the millions of transposable elements in the human genome. The work reveals the largely species-specific gene-regulatory networks that impact all of human biology, in both health and disease.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
08.03.2017
How stable manure protects against allergies
How stable manure protects against allergies
Researchers funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) studied laboratory mice growing up in a cowshed. This enabled them to investigate how the farm environment modifies the immune system and provides protection against allergies. Improved hygiene has largely eliminated infectious diseases from everyday life.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
02.03.2017
Genome Editing: Pressing the ĞDeleteğ Button on DNA
Genome Editing: Pressing the ĞDeleteğ Button on DNA
Until recently, genomics was a «read-only» science. But scientists led by Rory Johnson at the University of Bern and the Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona, have now developed a tool for quick and easy deletion of DNA in living cells. This software will boost efforts to understand the vast regions of non-coding DNA, or «Dark Matter», in our DNA and may lead to discovery of new disease-causing genes and potential new drugs.
Medicine/Pharmacology
01.03.2017
From heroin addiction to alcohol-related problems
From heroin addiction to alcohol-related problems
Around 3,000 heroin addicts currently receive opioids such as methadone, buprenorphine or morphine as part of their treatment in the Canton of Zurich.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
23.02.2017
Rare proteins collapse earlier
Rare proteins collapse earlier
Some organisms are able to survive in hot springs, while others can only live at mild temperatures because their proteins aren't able to withstand such extreme heat. ETH researchers investigated these differences and showed that often only a few key proteins determine the life and heat-induced death of a cell.
Medicine/Pharmacology
20.02.2017
Prospect for more effective treatment of nerve pain
Prospect for more effective treatment of nerve pain
The sharp pain shoots to the face or teeth and seriously torments patients. Known as trigeminal neuralgia, it is one of the worst chronic nerve pains. The bouts are triggered by touch, such as shaving, putting on make-up, showering, talking and tooth brushing, or even a gust of wind. The cause is usually an irritation of the trigeminal nerve, the cranial nerve responsible for the sensory innervation of the facial area, parts of the scalp, and the oral cavity.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
17.02.2017
Digital reconstruction of teeth
Digital reconstruction of teeth
ETH Zurich researchers and Disney Research have produced a new algorithm that allows non-invasive reconstruction of the teeth and gums from digital photos.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
07.02.2017
Genetic defects in tooth enamel conducive to development of caries
Why do some people develop caries even though they always brush their teeth carefully while others are less stringent regarding dental hygiene yet do not have any holes' Ultimately, both have bacteria on the surface of their teeth which can attack the enamel. Enamel forms via the mineralization of specific enamel proteins.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
30.01.2017
Not necessarily harmful: Protein aggregates in the brain
Not necessarily harmful: Protein aggregates in the brain
Protein aggregates in neurons are characteristic for Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and other neurodegenerative diseases.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
27.01.2017
New study into leukemia offers clearer understanding of its biology
New study into leukemia offers clearer understanding of its biology
EPFL scientists have made an extensive study in the cause of leukemia that could greatly improve the way we treat the disease. Leukemia affects 350,000 people worldwide. It is a cancer of the white blood cells, which are the cells of the immune system and are produced by stem cells in the bone marrow. There are two types of chronic and two types of acute leukemia.
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