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Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.06.2018
Tracking cancer-cell development with
Tracking cancer-cell development with "drinkable" electronic sensors
Thanks to an unorthodox approach being proposed by EPFL researchers, patients may soon be able to track their illness simply by drinking a solution containing millions of tiny electronic sensors disguised as bacteria. Imagine being able to track the development of diseased cells in real time, simply by having patients drink a glass of water containing millions of tiny electronic biosensors.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
Fat cells control fat cell growth
Fat cells control fat cell growth
Researchers from ETH Zurich and EPFL have discovered a new type of fat cell that suppresses the growth of new fat cells. This opens up new avenues for preventing obesity-related diseases. Obesity is the plague of our times. Some 80 percent of obese people will develop Type 2 diabetes at some point in their lives, and being overweight is also a significant risk factor for cancer and heart attacks.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
The cells that control the formation of fat
The cells that control the formation of fat
A study led by researchers in Switzerland has revealed a new cell type that resides in the body's fat depots where it can actively suppress fat cell formation. This discovery was made using single-cell transcriptomics and opens entirely new avenues to combat obesity and related diseases such as diabetes.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06.2018
A dual-therapy approach to boost motor recovery after a stroke
A dual-therapy approach to boost motor recovery after a stroke
EPFL scientists have shown that combining a brain-computer interface (BCI) with functional electrical stimulation (FES) can help stroke victims recover greater use of their paralyzed arm - even years after the stroke. Paralysis of an arm and/or leg is one of the most common effects of a stroke.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 15.06.2018
The neurons that rewrite traumatic memories
Neuroscientists at EPFL have located the cells that help reprogram long-lasting memories of traumatic experiences towards safety, a first in neuroscience. Memories of traumatic experiences can lead to mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which can destroy a person's life.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 13.06.2018
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Big data identifies lipids as signatures of health and disease
Scientists from EPFL and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have carried out one of the most extensive lipidomics studies to date, connecting almost 150 different lipid species to their respective genetic regulators, revealing signatures of metabolic health and disease. Published in two papers in Cell Systems, the study is a landmark for metabolic health science.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 12.06.2018
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Doctors are increasingly fighting cancer by stimulating patients' immune systems. SNSF-supported researchers have now discovered a method for predicting the likelihood of treatment success. Immunotherapy changes a patient's immune system to allow it to attack cancer cells and either destroy them or at least keep them from growing.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 11.06.2018
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
Until now, it was thought that multiple brain areas were needed to control sleep and wakefulness. Neuroscientists from Bern have now identified one single control center for the sleep-wake cycle in the brain. The findings are of great importance for finding new sleep therapies. Every night we spend several hours asleep and every morning we awaken to go about our lives.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 06.06.2018
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
The human intestine constantly renews itself. Alone in the colon - the last 1.5 meters of the gastrointestinal tract - 10 billion epithelial cells are replaced each day. The intestinal epithelium is the layer of cells that forms the lining of both the small and large intestine and is responsible for absorbing nutrients.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Transport - 05.06.2018
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Researchers compared the geographical distribution of nearly 3,700 Lausanne residents suffering from daytime sleepiness with the noise caused by road and railway traffic in those parts of the city at night. They found a clear correlation between the amount of sleepiness reported by residents and the level of nighttime noise in their neighborhoods.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 04.06.2018
Blood formation: researchers engineer human bone marrow tissue
Blood formation: researchers engineer human bone marrow tissue
Researchers have developed an artificial tissue in which human blood stem cells remain functional for a prolonged period of time. Scientists from the University of Basel, University Hospital Basel, and ETH Zurich have reported their findings in the scientific journal PNAS. Every day in the bone marrow several billion blood cells are formed.

Physics / Materials Science - Medicine / Pharmacology - 30.05.2018
Hollywood in the Würenlingen woods
Hollywood in the Würenlingen woods
With the X-ray laser SwissFEL, researchers at PSI want to produce movies of biomolecules in action. This can reveal how our eyes function or how new drugs work. Luc Patthey stands next to a complicated arrangement of optical lenses, measuring instruments, countless cables, and a thin steel pipe. We're in Hollywood here.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 28.05.2018
Deciphering the language of cells using observation chambers
Deciphering the language of cells using observation chambers
EPFL researchers have developed an innovative label-free method for studying the behavior of single cells continuously and in real time. By placing a cell in a small chamber containing nanosensors and observing it over many hours, it is possible to identify the cell's unique personality and understand how it communicates.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 28.05.2018
Imaging the inside of injection needles with neutrons
Imaging the inside of injection needles with neutrons
PSI researchers help to understand why in pre-filled syringes, liquid medication can enter the needle inadvertently Researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, the University of Basel and the company F. Hoffmann-La Roche have found out why proper storage is crucial for syringes which are pre-filled with a liquid medication.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.05.2018
New anti-ALS drug receives Orphan Drug Designation
New anti-ALS drug receives Orphan Drug Designation
A new gene therapy for treating an inherited form of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis has been given an Orphan Drug Designation by the European Medicines Agency. The therapy is already in preclinical development at EPFL. "We are thrilled that the EMA endorses the soundness of our new therapy against this devastating rare disease," says Bernard Schneider, the EPFL scientist who leads the development of a new drug aimed at Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS).

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 16.05.2018
Light for biomolecules and super-fast processes
Light for biomolecules and super-fast processes
For the International Day of Light: How PSI scientists study molecules and materials The 16th of May is the International Day of Light. With the help of light, researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI see how molecules assemble and how rapid chemical and physical processes occur on the scale of individual atoms.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 14.05.2018
Opening: Advanced technology against cancer
Opening: Advanced technology against cancer
New treatment unit for proton therapy at PSI is inaugurated With millimetre precision, certain tumours can be irradiated at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI using protons - that is, positively charged elementary particles.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Innovation / Technology - 09.05.2018
Computer-Designed Customized Regenerative Heart Valves
Computer-Designed Customized Regenerative Heart Valves
Producing living tissue or organs based on human cells is one of the main research fields in regenerative medicine. Tissue engineering, which involves growing replacement parts in the laboratory, forms a key part of this research. The parts can be used to replace defective cells and tissues in the body and restore their normal functioning.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 07.05.2018
Mystery solved: The bacterial protein that kills male fruit flies
Mystery solved: The bacterial protein that kills male fruit flies
An endosymbiotic bacterium, Spiroplasma, specifically kills the males of its fruit-fly host (Drosophila). This has perplexed biologists since the 1950's, but EPFL scientists have now solved the mystery by identifying the gene behind this gender-specific killing. In the fifties, geneticists were faced with a mystery: when two strains of the same fruit fly species (Drosophila) crossed, they only produced female flies instead of the expected 50:50 sex ratio.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 02.05.2018
Substance in Chinese Medicine can cause cardiac arrhythmia
Substance in Chinese Medicine can cause cardiac arrhythmia
A medicinal plant frequently used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) - Evodia rutaecarpa - contains substances that can cause cardiac arrhythmia. This is what researchers from the Universities of Basel, Vienna and Utrecht have recently found out. Extracts of the plant Evodia rutaecarpa are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for a variety of symptoms, such as headaches, nausea and vomiting as well as menstrual complaints and ulcers in the mouth area.
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