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Medicine/Pharmacology



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Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
18.10.2017
Possible new immune therapy target in lung cancer
Possible new immune therapy target in lung cancer
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) A study from Bern University Hospital in collaboration with the University of Bern shows that so-called perivascular-like cells from lung tumors behave abnormally. They not only inadequately support vascular structures, but also may actively modulate the inflammatory and immune response.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
09.10.2017
The female brain reacts more strongly to prosocial behavior
The female brain reacts more strongly to prosocial behavior
Behavioral experiments have shown that when women share a sum of money more generously than men. To gain a more in-depth understanding of this behavior, neuroscientists from the Department of Economics looked at the areas of the brain that are active when decisions of this kind are made. They are the first to demonstrate that the brains of men and women respond differently to prosocial and selfish behavior.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
02.10.2017
Our muscles measure the time of day
Our muscles measure the time of day
Researchers funded by the SNSF have discovered a biological clock at work in our muscle cells. It could be a factor in regulating our metabolism and play a role in diabetes. Biological clocks are ticking everywhere throughout our body. They trigger the release of the hormone melatonin during sleep, favour the secretion of digestive enzymes at lunchtime or keep us awake at the busiest moments of the day.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
27.09.2017
Emerging infectious disease threatens Darwin's frog with extinction
Emerging infectious disease threatens Darwin’s frog with extinction
The Darwin's frog ( Rhinoderma darwinii ) is the latest amphibian species to face extinction due to the global chytridiomycosis pandemic, according to an international study published today in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. The study has found that Darwin's frogs are infected with the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis ( Bd ), and despite an absence of obvious mortality researchers have noted population declines, leading them to believe that these infected populations are at a serious risk of extinction within 15 years of contracting the disease.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
25.09.2017
Bacterial Nanosized Speargun Works Like a Power Drill
Bacterial Nanosized Speargun Works Like a Power Drill
In order to get rid of unpleasant competitors, some bacteria use a sophisticated weapon - a nanosized speargun.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
21.09.2017
Tumor metabolism helps classify hepatoblastoma
Tumor metabolism helps classify hepatoblastoma
Looking at cell metabolism instead of histology, EPFL scientists have identified new biomarkers that could help more accurately classify the two main subtypes of hepatoblastoma, a liver cancer in children. Hepatoblastoma is a rare pediatric liver cancer, usually diagnosed in the first three years of life.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.09.2017
A new approach to high insulin levels
A new approach to high insulin levels
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a serious yet poorly understood condition. Research funded by the SNSF has discovered how it is caused by a genetic mutation. Diabetes is characterised by a deficiency of insulin. The opposite is the case in congenital hyperinsulinism: patients produce the hormone too frequently and in excessive quantities, even if they haven't eaten any carbohydrates.
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.09.2017
Life Expectancy Increases in Switzerland
Life Expectancy Increases in Switzerland
Countries have saved more lives over the past decade according to the annual Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) study published yesterday. In Switzerland, life expectancy has increased to 85 years for women and to 81 years for men. The Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute contributed to the GDB, the world's largest scientific collaboration on population health.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
11.09.2017
How Liver Cancer Develops
How Liver Cancer Develops
Liver cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death and represents the fastest rising cancer worldwide. In most cases, the tumor develops in patients with chronic liver disease. Such diseases include chronic infections with hepatitis viruses or a so-called fatty liver due to nutritional or genetically caused lipometabolic disorders or an excessive consumption of alcohol.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
07.09.2017
Trigger for Fatty Liver in Obesity
Trigger for Fatty Liver in Obesity
In Switzerland, about every tenth adult suffers from morbid obesity. Such corpulence can not only lead to diabetes or cardiovascular disease, but also to fat accumulation in the liver. Worldwide, about 25 to 30 percent of all adults and increasingly children are affected by such steatosis - becoming the most frequent liver disease in recent years.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
05.09.2017
The STING of death in'T cells
The STING of death in’T cells
EPFL scientists show that the STING signaling pathway, which helps coordinate the innate immune system, causes cell death in T cells of the adaptive immune system. This "killing" effect includes cancerous T cells, and has implications for treating T cell-derived cancers. The cells of the innate immune system use a signaling pathway comprising STING (Stimulator of interferon genes) to detect DNA from invading viruses and fight them.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
01.09.2017
A cancer therapy that inhibits the Notch signaling pathway
A cancer therapy that inhibits the Notch signaling pathway
EPFL spin-off Cellestia Biotech has just been given the regulatory go-ahead to start clinical testing a molecule it has developed to treat cancers involving mutations of the Notch gene. The molecule is a ray of hope for the 250,000 patients diagnosed every year with this mutation, which sharply reduces their chances of recovery.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
30.08.2017
An unusual delivery service
An unusual delivery service
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) Is it better to produce locally or to import? That can be a crucial question for simple lifeforms as well. Mitochondria, the power plants of the cell, have their own protein factories although the cell apparatus could easily do the job for them.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.08.2017
Worm infection reveals cross-talk in the lymph nodes
Worm infection reveals cross-talk in the lymph nodes
By studying a worm infection, EPFL scientists have discovered how lymphatic vessels grow within lymph nodes, with major implications for cancer and inflammation. Lymph nodes are small, kidney-shaped organs found throughout the body. Full of immune cells, their function is to clear out foreign objects and support the immune system.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
28.08.2017
Chronic Lack of Sleep Increases Risk-Seeking
Chronic Lack of Sleep Increases Risk-Seeking
Young adults have a natural sleep requirement of about 9 hours a day on average, older adults 7.5 hours.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
18.08.2017
Bacteria stab amoebae with daggers
Bacteria stab amoebae with daggers
Researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Vienna have discovered a type of bacteria that uses tiny daggers to prevent itself from being eaten by amoebae. The scientists also resolved the three-dimensional structure of the mechanism that allows the micro-daggers to be shot quickly. Bacteria have to watch out for amoeba.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
08.08.2017
Multi-nutrient rice against malnutrition
Multi-nutrient rice against malnutrition
ETH researchers have developed a new rice variety that not only has increased levels of the micronutrients iron and zinc in the grains, but also produces beta-carotene as a precursor of vitamin A&per
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
07.08.2017
Big issues around small particles
Big issues around small particles
An Empa team has succeeded in developing a new three-dimensional cell model of the human placental barrier. The "model organ" can quickly and reliably deliver new information on the intake of substances, such as nano-particles, by the placental barrier and on any possible toxic effects for the unborn child.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
03.08.2017
Cultural factors account for cost differences at the end of life
Cultural factors account for cost differences at the end of life
In their final year of life, on average men cause more healthcare costs than women. Dying is more expensive in the Frenchand Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland than in the German-speaking part. These are the findings of an analysis of health insurance data that was conducted as part of the National Research Programme "End of life" (NRP 67).
Medicine/Pharmacology
02.08.2017
Fighting dehydration with wearables and big data
Fighting dehydration with wearables and big data
Dehydration is one of the most common causes of death among young children in the developing world - particularly during the hot summer months.
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