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Medicine/Pharmacology



Results 21 - 40 of 419.


Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 28.08.2018
Protein Modifications that Point to Cancer
Protein Modifications that Point to Cancer
Researchers from the University of Zurich can, for the first time, precisely characterize the protein modification ADP-ribosylation for all proteins in a tissue sample. The changes, which are a typical reaction to stress, provide information about the condition of a cell. Together with the University Hospital Zurich, they are now testing the new method to diagnose and treat cancer.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.08.2018
Increased phosphate intake elevates blood pressure in healthy adults
Increased phosphate intake elevates blood pressure in healthy adults
If more phosphate is consumed with food, blood pressure and pulse rate increase in healthy young adults. These findings were shown by a study led by the University of Basel and published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. They make processed cheese spreadable, prevent coffee from clumping and help preserve many meat products: phosphates are a common additive in industrially produced foodstuffs.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 15.08.2018
Amputees feel as though their prosthetic limb belongs to their body
In a breakthrough approach that combines virtual reality and artificial tactile sensations, two amputees feel as though their prosthetic hand belongs to their own body. Moreover, the scientists show that the phantom limb actually grows into the prosthetic hand. The famous idiom "seeing is believing" is not enough to help amputees with the use of their prosthetic limb.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.08.2018
Differences in immune responses due to age, sex, and genetics
Differences in immune responses due to age, sex, and genetics
Age, sex, and specific human genetic variants are the key factors behind differences between immune responses among healthy humans, finds a study of 1,000 individuals carried out by EPFL and the Pasteur Institute. Over the course of our life, we are continuously exposed to pathogens such as viruses and bacteria, meaning that our immune system is constantly at work.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.08.2018
New Approach to Treating Chronic Itch
Two receptors in the spinal cord and the right experimental drug: Researchers at the University of Zurich have discovered a new approach that suppresses itch. In a series of experiments in mice and dogs they successfully alleviated different forms of acute as well as chronic itch. For the latter, current treatment options are very limited.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 10.08.2018
New Mosquito Net reduces Malaria Cases
New Mosquito Net reduces Malaria Cases
A new type of bed net with two active ingredients, a pyrethroid insecticide plus an insect growth hormone, could prevent millions of cases of malaria according to a new study published yesterday in The Lancet. Swiss TPH contributed to the study through statistical design and data analysis. The latest figures from the World Health Organisation (WHO) show that approximately 216 million people were infected with malaria in 2016 worldwide, an increase in five million from the previous year.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 09.08.2018
Global Overview of Schistosomiasis Research and Control
Global Overview of Schistosomiasis Research and Control
An estimated 250 million people suffer from schistosomiasis worldwide. While considerable progress has been made to control schistosomiasis, challenges remain as there is no vaccine available and the risk for drug resistance is increasing. Providing recommendations toward control and eventual elimination of schistosomiasis, a comprehensive review was published today in the peer-reviewed journal Nature Reviews Disease Primers.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 08.08.2018
Potential indicator for the early detection of dementias
Potential indicator for the early detection of dementias
Researchers at the University of Basel and the University Hospital Basel have discovered a factor that could support the early detection of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's. This cytokine is induced by cellular stress reactions after disturbances of the mitochondria, the ‘cell's power plants,' as neuropathologists write in the journal Cell Reports.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 03.08.2018
Steady Decline of Hepatitis A in Switzerland
Steady Decline of Hepatitis A in Switzerland
A Swiss TPH study analysing surveillance data from Switzerland over the last 30 years shows a strong decline from 628 hepatitis A cases in 1988 to 43 cases in 2016. The study was published yesterday in the peer-reviewed journal Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. In most European countries, the prevalence of hepatitis A has been reduced substantially over the past decades.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 02.08.2018
New Method Refines Cell Sample Analysis
New Method Refines Cell Sample Analysis
Innovation in the field of biomedicine: Researchers at the University of Zurich have developed a novel method which increases more than tenfold the number of proteins that can be visualized per sample, making it possible to generate a comprehensive map of cellular organization across the various cellular states.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 02.08.2018
Harmless or hormone disorder? A new test enables a quick diagnosis for drinking by the liter
Harmless or hormone disorder? A new test enables a quick diagnosis for drinking by the liter
Drinking excessive amounts of fluids can be a medically unremarkable habit, but it could also signify a rare hormone disorder. A new procedure now enables a fast and reliable diagnosis. Researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel reported these findings in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Chemistry - Medicine / Pharmacology - 31.07.2018
New approach to terpene syntheses
New approach to terpene syntheses
Terpenes are natural products that are often very difficult to synthesize in the laboratory. Chemists from the University of Basel have now developed a synthesis method that mimics nature. The decisive step takes place inside a molecular capsule, which enables the reaction. The findings were recently published Catalysis.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 30.07.2018
How resistant cancer cells can be fought
How resistant cancer cells can be fought
An international research team under the co-direction of the University of Bern and the Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI) has discovered various mechanisms of resistance to cancer therapy. The findings help researchers to understand the self-repair of cancer cells after a therapy and thus help to fight resistant tumours more efficiently.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 27.07.2018
A novel antibiotic from weeds
A novel antibiotic from weeds
Researchers have discovered novel, antibiotically active chemical substances in a previously rarely explored site: the leaf of a common field weed. The findings show that this microcosm contains many still unknown natural products that could lead to new drugs. Many of the antibiotics used today were developed from natural products made by bacteria themselves in order to ward off other bacteria.

Medicine / Pharmacology - 26.07.2018
Riding an e-bike promotes fitness and health - already after four weeks
Riding an e-bike promotes fitness and health - already after four weeks
The role of the e-bike in promoting health and fitness is comparable to that of a conventional bicycle. This was reported by researchers of the University of Basel in the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. In particular, overweight and untrained individuals can benefit from riding an e-bike. The starting point for the pilot study was the Bike to Work campaign, which has been running in Switzerland for ten years now and invites commuters to switch to their bicycles or e-bikes every year for a month.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 24.07.2018
Zika virus is infectious for a shorter time than previously thought
Zika virus is infectious for a shorter time than previously thought
Zika virus (ZIKV) may be sexually transmissible for a shorter period than previously estimated, according to a systematic review published this week in PLOS Medicine by Michel Counotte and Nicola Low of the Institute of Preventive Medicine (ISPM), and colleagues from the World Health Organization, US Centers for Disease Control and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Computer Science / Telecom - 19.07.2018
Mobile Phone Radiation may Affect Memory Performance in Adolescents
Mobile Phone Radiation may Affect Memory Performance in Adolescents
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields may have adverse effects on the development of memory performance of specific brain regions exposed during mobile phone use. These are the findings of a study involving nearly 700 adolescents in Switzerland. The investigation, led by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), will be published on Monday, 23 July 2018 in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 12.07.2018
New control of cell division discovered
New control of cell division discovered
When a cell divides, its constituents are usually evenly distributed among the daughter cells. UZH researchers have now identified an enzyme that guarantees that cell constituents that are concentrated in organelles without a membrane are properly distributed. Their discovery opens up new opportunities for the treatment of cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, aging processes and viral infections.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 12.07.2018
Glyphosate eliminated by cyanobacteria
Glyphosate eliminated by cyanobacteria
Researchers from Agroscope and Eawag have discovered that, under certain conditions, the herbicide glyphosate is rapidly degraded in Lake Greifen (Greifensee). The evidence strongly suggests that this is due to cyanobacteria using the substance as an alternative source of phosphorus. Glyphosate is frequently in the headlines: expert committees disagree as to whether the herbicide is carcinogenic to humans, authorities debate whether its use should be approved.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 11.07.2018
Measuring the Effects of Drugs on Cancer Cells
Measuring the Effects of Drugs on Cancer Cells
A new approach established at the University of Zurich sheds light on the effects of anti-cancer drugs and the defense mechanisms of cancer cells. The method makes it possible to quickly test various drugs and treatment combinations at the cellular level. Cancer cells are cells over which the human body has lost control.