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Medicine/Pharmacology



Results 21 - 40 of 335.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development
05.03.2018
Rotavirus transmission influenced by temperature, water movement
ANN ARBOR-Climate in the tropics has a larger influence on transmission of the sometime deadly rotavirus than previously shown, University of Michigan researchers have found. Using sophisticated modeling, U-M School of Public Health researchers showed communities that draw water from large, slow-moving or stagnant sources in cooler seasons have more transmission of the virus than those that access free-flowing water.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
01.03.2018
A near-universal way to measure enzyme inhibition
Researchers at McGill University have invented a new technique for measuring how quickly drugs interact with their molecular targets. The discovery provides scientists with a new way to investigate the effectiveness of drug candidates that might otherwise have been overlooked. The new method centres on the principle of enzyme inhibition.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
01.03.2018
Acetylcholine Wakes Silent Neural Network by Targeting Nicotine Receptors - News - Carnegie Mellon University
Neuroscientists at Carnegie Mellon University have, for the first time, used acetylcholine to functionally rewire a dense matrix of neurons in the brain's cerebral cortex. Using optogenetics, they found that the chemical released by nerve cells to send signals to other cells, also known as a neurotransmitter, can turn on the normally silent network by binding to the same receptors targeted by nicotine.
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2018
Halting the spread of cholera through a neighborhood response
Halting the spread of cholera through a neighborhood response
Using data gathered during a cholera outbreak in Chad, EPFL researchers have found that a response strategy that targets the neighborhood close to reported cases can more effectively contain the outbreak than a large-scale campaign that targets a wider district or an entire city. The World Health Organization aims to eradicate cholera by 2030.
Medicine/Pharmacology
27.02.2018
More nurse practitioners serve less healthy, lower-income areas
ANN ARBOR-The rural physician shortage is well-established, and there's the notion that doctors don't necessarily establish their practices where need for health care is greatest-in poor and unhealthy communities. The issue becomes more interesting when you account for health care's changing provider landscape-specifically, the growing number of physician assistants and nurse practitioners.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
22.02.2018
Multi laboratory studies improve reproducibility of animal research
Pre-clinical animal research is typically based on single laboratory studies conducted under highly standardized conditions, a practice that is universally encouraged in animal science courses and textbooks. In a new study in PLOS Biology, researchers from the Universities of Bern and Edinburgh demonstrate that such insistence on uniformity risks producing results that are only valid under very specific conditions.
Medicine/Pharmacology
22.02.2018
Evidence on the advantages and acceptability of antidepressants
An international study co-led by the University of Bern offers important insights from a synthesis of 522 clinical studies. The results show differences in efficacy of the 21 most commonly used antidepressants worldwide. Major depressive disorder is one of the most common, burdensome, and costly psychiatric disorders worldwide in adults.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
21.02.2018
New weakness discovered in the sleeping sickness pathogen
New weakness discovered in the sleeping sickness pathogen
Trypanosomes are single-celled parasites that cause diseases such as human African sleeping sickness and Nagana in animals. But they are also used in basic research as a model system to study fundamental biological questions. Researchers of the University of Bern have now investigated how trypanosomes equally distribute their ‘power plant' to the daughter cells during cell division.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
20.02.2018
National study to shed light on aging
McGill medical professor Christina Wolfson is one of the principal investigators for the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging, a long-term research project involving 50,000 participants from across the country (Photo: Owen Egan) by Brenda Branswell Source: McGill News Magazine Imagine getting a phone call asking if you'd like to take part in a study..
Medicine/Pharmacology - Innovation/Technology
19.02.2018
Taking blood without a needle
Taking blood without a needle
EPFL-based startup Loop Medical is working on a needleless device to take pain-free blood samples at home.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
19.02.2018
A therapeutic approach inspired by nature
A therapeutic approach inspired by nature
T3 Pharmaceuticals AG - a startup from the University of Basel - genetically modifies bacteria and wants to use this to develop new cancer therapies.
Medicine/Pharmacology
16.02.2018
Novartis new data show Cosentyx improved quality of life over 5 years in two thirds of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis
Novartis new data show Cosentyx improved quality of life over 5 years in two thirds of patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis
Two thirds of patients on Cosentyx (secukinumab) reported no impact of skin disease on their quality of life over 5 years, SCULPTURE study shows   Findings show absolute PASI <=1/<=2/<=3 responses were sustained in those treated with Cosentyx from Year 1 to Year 5   Cosentyx is the first and only fully human interleukin-17A (IL-17A) inhibitor that showed sustained skin clearance rates at 5 years in patients from a psoriasis Phase III st
Medicine/Pharmacology - Innovation/Technology
15.02.2018
Improving Health of Children in Nigeria
Improving Health of Children in Nigeria
To improve diagnosis and treatment of children under five, Swiss TPH together with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) developed the electronic decision support tool ALMANACH.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
09.02.2018
Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time
Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time
The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain can generate new nerve cells throughout life. One of the areas where this happens is the hippocampus, a brain structure that determines many types of learning and memory, deciding what is remembered and what is forgotten.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology
07.02.2018
Confirming the risks of pesticide use in Burkina Faso
Confirming the risks of pesticide use in Burkina Faso
Poor pesticide practices in Burkina Faso pose a threat to human health and the environment. An EPFL thesis has quantified this problem for the first time through an analysis of soil, water, sediment, vegetable and hair samples. Small-scale vegetable growers in Burkina Faso are unfamiliar with the proper use of pesticides and end up exposing both people and the environment to serious contamination risks.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
01.02.2018
Electrochemistry flushes out antibiotic-resistant proteins
Electrochemistry flushes out antibiotic-resistant proteins
EPFL scientists, working in association with Valais Hospital in Sion and Fudan University in Shanghai, have developed a method for analyzing bacteria that - for the first time ever - lets doctors quickly see exactly which proteins are associated with antibiotic resistance. Some bacteria contain proteins that indicate resistance to antibiotics.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
01.02.2018
0.5 Percent of the Population Suffer from Severe Psychological Trauma
0.5 Percent of the Population Suffer from Severe Psychological Trauma
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can sometimes occur in a particularly severe form, known as complex post-traumatic stress disorder.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
31.01.2018
Stealth Virus for Cancer Therapy
Stealth Virus for Cancer Therapy
Viruses have their own genetic material and can infect human cells in a very specific manner. They will then reproduce as directed by their own genes but using the resources of the host cell.
Medicine/Pharmacology
30.01.2018
Epidemics: the end of containment measures?
Limiting population movements during an epidemic outbreak may not always be the best approach. This type of response may adversely affect a society's ability to resume functioning normally, according to an EPFL study. When an epidemic outbreak - such as those caused by the H1N1, Zika or SARS viruses - takes place, containment measures may seem to be the most reasonable solution.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
25.01.2018
Research across disciplines
Research across disciplines
Research at the University of Bern is being intensified: Networking projects from different subject areas are being supported with three new Interfaculty Research Cooperations IRC. The projects deal with the health of environment, animals and humans, with religious conflicts and with sleep. The University of Bern strikes a new path in research funding: With the Interfaculty Research Cooperations IRC, it is launching networking projects, each of which involves 8 to 13 research groups from different faculties and which are being specifically funded.