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Results 61 - 80 of 82.


Social Sciences - Health - 06.11.2017
Do Violent Communities Foster Violent Kids?
Do Violent Communities Foster Violent Kids?
Children and adolescents regularly confronted with violence in their community have a greater tendency to show antisocial behavior. This finding was reported by researchers from the University of Basel and the University Psychiatric Hospital Basel. Their new study examined the link between exposure to community violence and antisocial behavior in over 1000 children and adolescents from seven European countries.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 28.08.2017
Expectations for all-day schools are too high
Expectations for all-day schools are too high
Children in the German-speaking part of Switzerland who utilise extended education offerings in the first two years of primary school generally perform no better in school than other children, an SNSF-funded project has found. Overall, the research shows that all-day schools do not fulfil all the expectations people place in them.

Environment - Social Sciences - 23.08.2017
Using compost to preserve forests in Madagascar
Using compost to preserve forests in Madagascar
Research by an EPFL PhD student has found a way to boost Madagascar's corn crop yields up to five times while decreasing deforestation at the same time.

Health - Social Sciences - 03.08.2017
Cultural factors account for cost differences at the end of life
Cultural factors account for cost differences at the end of life
In their final year of life, on average men cause more healthcare costs than women. Dying is more expensive in the Frenchand Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland than in the German-speaking part. These are the findings of an analysis of health insurance data that was conducted as part of the National Research Programme "End of life" (NRP 67).

Health - Social Sciences - 29.05.2017
Too Much Stress for the Mother Affects the Baby through Amniotic Fluid
Too Much Stress for the Mother Affects the Baby through Amniotic Fluid
The feeling of constantly being on edge, always having to take care of everything, not being able to find a balance: If an expectant mother is strongly stressed over a longer period of time, the risk of the unborn child developing a mental or physical illness later in life - such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or cardiovascular disease - increases.

Social Sciences - 17.03.2017
European teens - especially girls - dream about cars
European teens - especially girls - dream about cars
A study on mobility patterns among young people shows that under-18s have a very positive image of cars. The researchers' approach relied heavily on social media. What is it about cars? 'They're fast, practical, comfortable and safe.' That's what young people think - and girls more than boys - according to a study by EPFL researchers.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 06.12.2016
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Bern, 06.12.2016 - Honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies are complex societies, in which work is not distributed by a central power. How tasks are allocated among workers is still poorly understood. A research team from the Swiss Bee Research Center at Agroscope and the Institute of Bee Health at the University of Bern (both Switzerland), discovered that young adults influence this process by promoting older individuals to perform duties outside the hive, which shortens their life expectancy.

Social Sciences - 15.11.2016
The Swiss buy more fair trade products than the Germans as a matter of conviction
The Swiss buy more fair trade products than the Germans as a matter of conviction
Switzerland is one the world's top countries in terms of per capita consumption of fair trade products.

Social Sciences - 04.10.2016
Inequality threatens our wellbeing
Inequality threatens our wellbeing
Poverty, unemployment and other forms of exclusion adversely affect people's wellbeing, reveals the Swiss Social Report 2016, which is published by the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences (FORS), with support from the SNSF.

Social Sciences - 29.08.2016
Fair or Unfair? Facial Cues Influence how Social Exclusion Is Judged
Fair or Unfair? Facial Cues Influence how Social Exclusion Is Judged
People are often excluded from social groups. As researchers from the University of Basel report in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, whether uninvolved observers find this acceptable or not may depend on the facial appearances of those excluded. The exclusion of cold and incompetent looking people is more likely to be accepted.

Health - Social Sciences - 29.07.2016
Psychiatry on Closed and Open Wards: the Suicide Risk Remains the Same
Psychiatry on Closed and Open Wards: the Suicide Risk Remains the Same
In psychiatric clinics with an exclusively open-door policy, the risk of patients committing suicide or absconding from treatment is no higher than in clinics with locked wards.

Social Sciences - Law - 26.04.2016
The law enforcement system is ill-prepared for dying prisoners
The law enforcement system is ill-prepared for dying prisoners
In Switzerland, an increasing number of offenders are aging and dying in prison. Penal institutions need to better adjust to this situation, and uniform rules are needed to ensure a dignified end of life in prison.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 16.03.2016
Variety keeps Swiss farmers satisfied
Variety keeps Swiss farmers satisfied
A project funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation has found that Swiss farmers enjoy greater levels of job satisfaction than their counterparts in industrialised agricultural systems. What impact do agricultural systems have on job satisfaction among farmers? This is the question that Agroscope researchers have been investigating with funding from the Swiss National Science Foundation.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 25.02.2015
Norway rats reciprocate help according to the quality of the help they received
Norway rats reciprocate help according to the quality of the help they received
Research performed at the University of Bern indicates that animals beyond Homo sapiens consider the value of previously received help when deciding whether to help a social partner. Reciprocal exchange of services and commodities among conspecifics is common, and has been observed for instance in primates, vampire bats and rats.

Social Sciences - 19.02.2015
How stress can lead to inequality
How stress can lead to inequality
How does stress affect our self-confidence when we compete? An EPFL study shows how stress could actually be both a consequence and a cause of social and economic inequality, affecting our ability to compete and make financial decisions. Stress is a staple of our lives today, and we know intuitively that it can influence our confidence in competing with others.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 02.05.2012
Biological roots to domestic violence?
Biological roots to domestic violence?
In an experiment carried out with rats, it was observed that aggressive behavior passed from one generation to the other, even without any between the parent and its offspring. Researchers are exploring several approaches to explain the results. Childhood traumas alone do not explain the development of domestic violence - at least in the case of rats.

Social Sciences - 01.04.2009
Positive Effekte von Wein in Muttermilch
Positive Effekte von Wein in Muttermilch
Stillenden Müttern wird nahegelegt, auf alkoholhaltige Getränke zu verzichten. Nun zeigen aber neuste Forschungsergebnisse, dass Wein, der über die Muttermilch zu Säuglingen gelangt, positive Effekte auf die Säuglinge hat.

Social Sciences - Health - 19.01.2009
Oxytocin improves human ability to recognize faces
Oxytocin, a hormone involved in child-birth and breast-feeding, helps people recognize familiar faces.

Social Sciences - Pedagogy - 27.11.2008
How much do children cost in Switzerland?
In Switzerland, one in two inhabitants lives in a household with children. In couple households both partners often work.

Social Sciences - 20.11.2008
The impact of social policy on fertility: evidence from Switzerland
Variation in fertility rates, across both countries and time, is sometimes explained with reference to specific types of social polices.

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