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Social Sciences - Computer Science - 19.07.2018
Mobile Phone Radiation may Affect Memory Performance in Adolescents
Mobile Phone Radiation may Affect Memory Performance in Adolescents
Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields may have adverse effects on the development of memory performance of specific brain regions exposed during mobile phone use. These are the findings of a study involving nearly 700 adolescents in Switzerland. The investigation, led by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), will be published on Monday, 23 July 2018 in the peer-reviewed journal Environmental Health Perspectives.

Social Sciences - 20.06.2018
Is it their own fault'! How people judge the exclusion of others
Is it their own fault’! How people judge the exclusion of others
The way people view the social exclusion of others varies - depending on how much they think the excluded person is to blame. However, this is heavily influenced by how similar the group members are to each other, as a research team from the University of Basel writes in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 07.06.2018
Individual
Individual "Names" Reveal Complex Relationships in Male Bottlenose Dolphins
Male bottlenose dolphins retain their individual 'names' well into adulthood. Similar to humans, this plays a central role in forming and maintaining complex social relationships, recent findings carried out by researchers at the universities of Zurich and Western Australia suggest. Dolphins form long-lasting alliances in which they give each other mutual support.

Social Sciences - 06.06.2018
Male Vervet Monkeys Use Punishment and Coercion to De-Escalate Intergroup Fights
Male Vervet Monkeys Use Punishment and Coercion to De-Escalate Intergroup Fights
Social species engage in a number of cooperative activities including hunting, raising offspring, defending the group against predators, and fighting with neighboring groups.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 14.05.2018
Spoilt for choice? How neuroscience can explain your attitude toward freedom of choice
Spoilt for choice? How neuroscience can explain your attitude toward freedom of choice
Being spoilt for choice can be a burden or a blessing: People value their freedom of choice differently. Whereas some people happily let others make decisions for them, others might rebel against restrictions of their freedom of choice. Scientists from the University of Bern have now been able to explain the individual attitude toward freedom of choice based on brain activations.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.04.2018
Parenting Groups Can Improve Child Development
Parenting Groups Can Improve Child Development
Parenting groups in rural communities can improve early childhood development in low-resource settings. These are the findings of a study conducted by Swiss TPH in collaboration with the Boston University and partners in Zambia. The study Many children in lowand middle-income countries do not reach their developmental potential due to malnutrition, infectious diseases and a lack of appropriate stimulation and learning opportunities in their home environment.

Environment - Social Sciences - 16.04.2018
Identifying deficiencies in transboundary water protection
Identifying deficiencies in transboundary water protection
What is the contribution of upstream areas to micropollutant loads in the Rhine at Basel and Düsseldorf? How effectively do authorities and water suppliers collaborate on management and regulation across national boundaries' An interdisciplinary approach developed by Eawag scientists can help to identify deficiencies.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.04.2018
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking - not long-term marijuana use - associated with build-up of plaques in heart arteries
Tobacco smoking, but not marijuana use over time, was associated with plaque build-up in heart arteries in a study that followed men and women for over 25 years, according to a study led by the University of Bern. "We knew the effect of tobacco smoke, but not of marijuana smoke on subclinical plaque build-up in heart arteries (a marker of future heart attacks).

Health - Social Sciences - 01.02.2018
0.5 Percent of the Population Suffer from Severe Psychological Trauma
0.5 Percent of the Population Suffer from Severe Psychological Trauma
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can sometimes occur in a particularly severe form, known as complex post-traumatic stress disorder.

Social Sciences - Health - 06.11.2017
Do Violent Communities Foster Violent Kids?
Do Violent Communities Foster Violent Kids?
Children and adolescents regularly confronted with violence in their community have a greater tendency to show antisocial behavior. This finding was reported by researchers from the University of Basel and the University Psychiatric Hospital Basel. Their new study examined the link between exposure to community violence and antisocial behavior in over 1000 children and adolescents from seven European countries.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 28.08.2017
Expectations for all-day schools are too high
Expectations for all-day schools are too high
Children in the German-speaking part of Switzerland who utilise extended education offerings in the first two years of primary school generally perform no better in school than other children, an SNSF-funded project has found. Overall, the research shows that all-day schools do not fulfil all the expectations people place in them.

Environment - Social Sciences - 23.08.2017
Using compost to preserve forests in Madagascar
Using compost to preserve forests in Madagascar
Research by an EPFL PhD student has found a way to boost Madagascar's corn crop yields up to five times while decreasing deforestation at the same time.

Health - Social Sciences - 03.08.2017
Cultural factors account for cost differences at the end of life
Cultural factors account for cost differences at the end of life
In their final year of life, on average men cause more healthcare costs than women. Dying is more expensive in the Frenchand Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland than in the German-speaking part. These are the findings of an analysis of health insurance data that was conducted as part of the National Research Programme "End of life" (NRP 67).

Health - Social Sciences - 29.05.2017
Too Much Stress for the Mother Affects the Baby through Amniotic Fluid
Too Much Stress for the Mother Affects the Baby through Amniotic Fluid
The feeling of constantly being on edge, always having to take care of everything, not being able to find a balance: If an expectant mother is strongly stressed over a longer period of time, the risk of the unborn child developing a mental or physical illness later in life - such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or cardiovascular disease - increases.

Social Sciences - 17.03.2017
European teens - especially girls - dream about cars
European teens - especially girls - dream about cars
A study on mobility patterns among young people shows that under-18s have a very positive image of cars. The researchers' approach relied heavily on social media. What is it about cars? 'They're fast, practical, comfortable and safe.' That's what young people think - and girls more than boys - according to a study by EPFL researchers.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 06.12.2016
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Bern, 06. Honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies are complex societies, in which work is not distributed by a central power. How tasks are allocated among workers is still poorly understood. A research team from the Swiss Bee Research Center at Agroscope and the Institute of Bee Health at the University of Bern (both Switzerland), discovered that young adults influence this process by promoting older individuals to perform duties outside the hive, which shortens their life expectancy.

Social Sciences - 15.11.2016
The Swiss buy more fair trade products than the Germans as a matter of conviction
The Swiss buy more fair trade products than the Germans as a matter of conviction
Switzerland is one the world's top countries in terms of per capita consumption of fair trade products.

Social Sciences - 04.10.2016
Inequality threatens our wellbeing
Inequality threatens our wellbeing
Poverty, unemployment and other forms of exclusion adversely affect people's wellbeing, reveals the Swiss Social Report 2016, which is published by the Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences (FORS), with support from the SNSF.

Social Sciences - 29.08.2016
Fair or Unfair? Facial Cues Influence how Social Exclusion Is Judged
Fair or Unfair? Facial Cues Influence how Social Exclusion Is Judged
People are often excluded from social groups. As researchers from the University of Basel report in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, whether uninvolved observers find this acceptable or not may depend on the facial appearances of those excluded. The exclusion of cold and incompetent looking people is more likely to be accepted.

Social Sciences - 23.08.2016
Income Inequality in Switzerland: Extent Underestimated
Income Inequality in Switzerland: Extent Underestimated
How big is the gap between rich and poor in Switzerland? Official statistics on income inequality provide an answer. A study by the Bern University of Applied Sciences and the University of Bern has now compared the previous survey methods with tax data. This revealed considerable discrepancies. Determining the extent of income inequality is a difficult undertaking that places high demands on science.