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Results 201 - 250 of 417.


Physics - Electroengineering - 10.11.2015
Microwave Field Imaging Using Diamond and Vapor Cells
Microwave Field Imaging Using Diamond and Vapor Cells
Microwave field imaging is becoming increasingly important, as microwaves play an essential role in modern technology and can also be used in medical diagnostics. Researchers from the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the Department of Physics at the University of Basel have now independently developed two new methods for imaging microwave fields.

Physics - Innovation - 29.10.2015
LHC luminosity upgrade project moving to next phase
Geneva, 29 October 2015. This week more than 230 scientists and engineers from around the world met at CERN to discuss the High-Luminosity LHC - a major upgrade to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) that will increase the accelerator's discovery potential from 2025.   After a four year long design study the project is now moving into its second phase, which will see the development of industrial prototypes for various parts of the accelerator.

Computer Science - Physics - 09.10.2015
Using optical fibre to generate a two-micron laser
Using optical fibre to generate a two-micron laser
09.10.15 - Lasers with a wavelength of two microns could move the boundaries of surgery and molecule detection.

Physics - Environment - 25.09.2015
Nominations of EPFL professors
Nominations of EPFL professors
25.09.15 - At its most recent meeting on September 23th and 24th, the ETH Board nominated 15 EPFL professors.

Physics - Health - 25.09.2015
12 professors at ETH Zurich appointed
12 professors at ETH Zurich appointed
Upon application of the President of ETH Zurich, Professor Lino Guzzella, at its meeting of September 23 rd /24 th 2015 the ETH-Board appointed 12 individuals as professors.

Physics - 22.09.2015
Swiss Plasma Center to harness the sun's energy
Swiss Plasma Center to harness the sun's energy
22.09.15 - At EPFL, the Center for Research in Plasma Physics (CRPP) has become the Swiss Plasma Center (SPC), and for good reason: the Center is upgrading its facilities and expanding its scope of activities.

Chemistry - Physics - 22.09.2015
Chemistry for the methanol economy
Chemistry for the methanol economy
Unstable crude oil prices and limited oil resources have made the production of petrochemicals from methanol increasingly popular - above all in China. Scientists at ETH Zurich have now deciphered the complex chemistry behind the start of this process. Ethylene is produced in greater amounts than any other basic chemical in the world.

Life Sciences - Physics - 21.09.2015
DNA sequencing improved by slowing down
DNA sequencing improved by slowing down
21.09.15 - EPFL scientists have developed a method that improves the accuracy of DNA sequencing up to a thousand times. The method, which uses nanopores to read individual nucleotides, paves the way for better - and cheaper - DNA sequencing. DNA sequencing is a technique that can determine exact sequence of a DNA molecule.

Physics - 18.09.2015
Professor Sijbrand de Jong elected as next President of CERN Council
Geneva, 18 September 2015. CERN Council today announced the election of Professor Sijbrand de Jong as its 22nd President for a period of one year renewable twice, with a mandate starting on 1 January 2016.

Chemistry - Physics - 09.09.2015
Wrapped up in nanotubes
Wrapped up in nanotubes
09.09.15 - Summer Series: Student Projects - Aranya Goswami works on carbon nanotubes, which, among their many extraordinary properties, can also be combined with polymers and biological molecules to detect chemicals.

Physics - 08.09.2015
Researchers in Basel Develop Ideal Single-Photon Source
Researchers in Basel Develop Ideal Single-Photon Source
With the help of a semiconductor quantum dot, physicists at the University of Basel have developed a new type of light source that emits single photons. For the first time, the researchers have managed to create a stream of identical photons from a semiconductor. They have reported their findings in the scientific journal Nature together with colleagues from the University of Bochum.

Physics - Materials Science - 07.09.2015
Improved Stability of Electron Spins in Qubits
Double quantum dot: The three lower and upper trap up to two individual electrons, the spin states of which form the quantum-mechanical information unit. The lateral act as sensors. (Image: University of Basel, Department of Physics) Calculation with electron spins in a quantum computer assumes that the spin states last for a sufficient period of time.

Physics - 04.09.2015
At the frontier of the quantum world
At the frontier of the quantum world
French Nobel laureate Serge Haroche will give the Paul Bernays Lectures next week at ETH Zurich. In his research he deals with the transition from quantum physics to classical physics.

Pharmacology - Physics - 02.09.2015
Preventing crystallization to improve drug efficiency
Preventing crystallization to improve drug efficiency
02.09.15 - Esther Amstad and an international team of researchers have developed a method to increase the solubility of poorly soluble substances, such as many of the newly developed drugs. "Each year, pharmaceutical companies refuse many drugs during early stages of their development because of their poor solubility in the body which prevents their efficient uptake by the human body" explains Esther Amstad.

Physics - Chemistry - 27.08.2015
Successful Boron-Doping of Graphene Nanoribbon
Successful Boron-Doping of Graphene Nanoribbon
Physicists at the University of Basel succeed in synthesizing boron-doped graphene nanoribbons and characterizing their structural, electronic and chemical properties.

Environment - Physics - 24.08.2015
Could urban disorder give way to sustainability?
Could urban disorder give way to sustainability?
24.08.15 - An EPFL researcher is modeling cities in order to understand their metabolism and determine their ecological impact when they grow and change. Her research is aimed at identifying the urban form that is most efficient and consumes the least amount of natural resources. With cities expected to grow significantly in the future, it is vital to plan their development and anticipate their impact on the environment ahead of time.

Physics - 20.08.2015
XENON Experiment: no evidence (yet) for dark matter
Dark matter has never been directly observed in the laboratory. The international XENON collaboration, that includes researchers from the Universities of Bern and Zurich, has not found evidence for it either. However, its latest results solve a long-standing scientific controversy in the field. Although dark matter constitutes a significant part of the matter in our Universe, all evidence is indirect, via its gravitational pull on luminous matter.

Physics - 06.08.2015
Magnets made of non-magnetic metals
Media Releases Materials Research Matter and Material Research Using Muons For the first time, an international research team headed by the University of Leeds has demonstrated how to generate magnetism in metals that aren't naturally magnetic. The discovery could help develop novel magnets for a wide range of technical applications, such as power generators or hard drives.

Physics - 27.07.2015
The latest results from the LHC experiments are presented in Vienna
Geneva/Vienna, 27 July 2015. The world particle-physics community has convened in Vienna for the 2015 European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics (EPS-HEP2015), where the latest results in the field are being presented and discussed. These include the first results from Run 2 of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN , which are being presented for the very first time, less than two months after the experiments started to take data at the unprecedented energy of 13 TeV, following a two-year long shutdown.

Physics - 15.06.2015
CERN announces winners of its 2015 beamline for schools competition
Geneva, 15 June 2015. CERN today announced the winners of its 2015 beamline for schools competition.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 13.05.2015
CMS and LHCb experiments reveal new rare particle decay
Event displays of a candidate B0 s particle decaying into two muons in the CMS detector (left - Image: CMS/CERN) and in the LHCb detector (right - Image: CMS/CERN)                           Geneva, 13 May 2015. In an article , the CMS and LHCb collaborations describe the first observation of the very rare decay of the B0 s particle into two muon particles.

Physics - Innovation - 07.05.2015
US-CERN Agreement Paves Way for New Era of Scientific Discovery
Washington, 7 May 2015. A new agreement between the United States and the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN ) signed today will pave the way for renewed collaboration in particle physics, promising to yield new insights into fundamental particles and the nature of matter and our universe.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 22.04.2015
ICARUS neutrino experiment to move to Fermilab
Geneva, 22 April 2015. A group of scientists led by Nobel laureate Carlo Rubbia will transport the world's largest liquid-argon neutrino detector across the Atlantic Ocean from CERN to its new home at the U.S. Department of Energy' 2 s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 3 . The 760-ton, 20-metre-long detector took data for the ICARUS experiment at the Italian Institute for Nuclear Physics 4 ' (INFN) Gran Sasso National Laboratory in Italy from 2010 to 2014, using a beam of neutrinos sent through the earth from CERN.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.04.2015
Physics community to discuss latest results of the AMS experiment
Geneva, 15 April 2015. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS ) collaboration will present today the latest results in its quest to understand the origin of cosmic rays and dark matter. These intriguing results will be shared and discussed during the "AMS days" starting today at CERN 2 , with many of the world's leading theoretical physicists and principal investigators of some of the major experiments exploring the field of cosmic-ray physics.

Physics - 05.04.2015
Proton beams are back in the LHC
Geneva, 5 April 2015. After two years of intense maintenance and consolidation, and several months of preparation for restart, the Large Hadron Collider, the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, is back in operation.

Physics - 20.03.2015
Nanometres in 3D
Nanometres in 3D
Media Releases Matter and Material Research Using Synchrotron Light Microand Nanotechnology Scientists at the Paul Scherrer Institute and ETH Zurich (Switzerland) have created 3D images of tiny objects showing details down to 25 nanometres (1 nanometre = 1 millionth of a millimetre). In addition to the shape, the scientists determined how particular chemical elements were distributed in their sample and whether these elements were in a chemical compound or in their pure state.

Physics - 17.03.2015
LHC experiments join forces to zoom in on the Higgs boson
Geneva, 17 March 2015. Today during the 50 th session of "Rencontres de Moriond" in La Thuile Italy, ATLAS and CMS presented for the first time a combination of their results on the mass of the Higgs boson. The combined mass of the Higgs boson is m H = 125.09 ± 0.24 (0.21 stat. ± 0.11 syst.) GeV, which corresponds to a measurement precision of better than 0.2%.

Physics - Materials Science - 12.01.2015
Batman lights the way to compact data storage
Batman lights the way to compact data storage
Media Releases Matter and Material Research Using Synchrotron Light Materials Research Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) have succeeded in switching tiny, magnetic structures using laser light and tracking the change over time. In the process, a nanometre-sized area bizarrely reminiscent of the Batman logo appeared.

Physics - Electroengineering - 18.12.2014
Electron spin could be the key to high-temperature superconductivity
Electron spin could be the key to high-temperature superconductivity
EPFL scientists take a significant step in our understanding of superconductivity by studying the strange quantum events in a unique superconducting material. Cuprates are materials with great promise for achieving superconductivity at higher temperatures (-120 o C). This could mean low-cost electricity without energy loss.

Life Sciences - Physics - 15.12.2014
Shortcut to protein portraits
Shortcut to protein portraits
Public & Media Explore the world of PSI Scientists & Users For the scientific community Industry & the Economy Transfer and collaboration opportunities Media Releases Research Using Synchrotron Light Biology All living organisms, from bacteria to humans, rely on proteins to perform their vital functions.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 15.12.2014
Researchers detect possible signal from dark matter
EPFL scientists have picked up an atypical photon emission in X-rays coming from space, and say it could be evidence for the existence of a particle of dark matter. If confirmed, it could open up new perspectives in cosmology. Could there finally be tangible evidence for the existence of dark matter in the Universe? After sifting through reams of X-ray data, scientists in EPFL's Laboratory of Particle Physics and Cosmology (LPPC) and Leiden University believe they could have identified the signal of a particle of dark matter.

Physics - 12.12.2014
CERN’s Large Hadron Collider gears up for run 2
Geneva, 12 December 2014. CERN announced today at the 174 th session of the CERN Council that the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is gearing up for its second three-year run.

Physics - Life Sciences - 12.12.2014

Physics - Computer Science - 20.11.2014
CERN makes public first data of LHC experiments
Geneva, 20 November 2014. CERN launched today its Open Data Portal where data from real collision events, produced by the LHC experiments will for the first time be made openly available to all.

Physics - 04.11.2014
CERN Council selects next Director-General
Geneva, 4 November 2014. At its 173 rd Closed Session today, CERN Council selected the Italian physicist, Dr Fabiola Gianotti, as the Organization's next Director-General.

Physics - Materials Science - 19.10.2014
Puzzling new behaviour observed in high-temperature superconductors
Puzzling new behaviour observed in high-temperature superconductors
Media Releases Matter and Material Materials Research Research Using Synchrotron Light New effect might be important for emergence of High-Temperature Superconductivity An international team of researchers from SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University (both California) and the Paul Scherrer Institute (Villigen, Switzerland) has observed a new, unexpected kind of behaviour in copper-based high-temperature superconductors – materials that are capable of conducting electric current without any loss when cooled to low enough temperatures.

Physics - Music - 29.09.2014
CERN turns 60 and celebrates peaceful collaboration for science
Geneva, 29 September 2014. Today, CERN , the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is blowing out 60 candles at an event attended by official delegations from 35 countries.

Physics - Economics / Business - 18.09.2014
CERN and APS announce partnership for Open Access
Geneva, 18 September 2014. The American Physical Society (APS) and The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN ) jointly announce a partnership to make all CERN-authored articles published in the APS journal collection to be Open Access.

Physics - Health - 16.09.2014
Nanosurf - An Atomic Force Microscope Manufacturer in Baselland
Nanosurf is a company based in Liestal which has been developing and manufacturing unique scanning probe microscopes for almost two decades.

Physics - Materials Science - 04.09.2014
Mit Licht neues Material erzeugt
Mit Licht neues Material erzeugt
Media Releases Research Using Synchrotron Light Large Scale Facilities Materials Research Matter and Material SwissFEL SwissFEL Experiments PSI researchers garner experience for SwissFEL experiments Aided by short laser flashes, researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute have managed to temporarily change a material's properties to such a degree that they have – to a certain extent –created a new material.

Physics - Materials Science - 30.07.2014
Insulator makes electrons move in an ordered way
Insulator makes electrons move in an ordered way
Media Releases Research Using Synchrotron Light Materials Research Matter and Material Novel material shows properties necessary for spintronic devices The motion of electrons is at the heart of most electronic applications. However, in the quest for the next generation of devices, researchers are also interested in manipulating the electrons' spins – their traits that make them into tiny magnets.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.07.2014

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 07.07.2014
Results from CERN presented at ICHEP
Geneva, 7 July 2014. Speaking at press conference held during the 37 th International Conference on High Energy Physics, ICHEP, in Valencia, Spain this morning CERN Director General Rolf Heuer gave a resume of results from CERN that are being presented. The conference, which began last Thursday with three days of parallel sessions, now moves on to plenary sessions until Wednesday, summing up the current state of the art in the field.

Health - Physics - 02.07.2014
Impressions of the CLINAM 2014, June 23-25, in Basel
Three most interesting and demanding days of the CLINAM are over.  Once again the European Summit for Clinical Nanomedicine and Targeted Medicine, short CLINAM, presented an impressive and dense programm with reknown  speakers followed by intense discussions.

Physics - Event - 23.06.2014
CERN announces LHC restart schedule
Geneva, 23 June 2014. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the largest and most powerful particle accelerator in the world, has started to get ready for its second three-year run.

Physics - Chemistry - 16.06.2014
Ice in fuel cells imaged directly for the first time
Ice in fuel cells imaged directly for the first time
Media Releases Energy and Environment Researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) have succeeded in imaging the distribution of frozen and liquid water in a hydrogen fuel cell directly for the first time. They applied a new imaging technique that uses successively two beams with different neutron energies to distinguish between areas with liquid water and those with ice extremely reliably.

Physics - Materials Science - 11.06.2014
Sixteen nanometres in 3D
Sixteen nanometres in 3D
Media Releases Research Using Synchrotron Light World-record resolution in tomography with hard X-rays Tomography enables the interior of a vast range of objects to be depicted in 3D – from cellular structures to technical appliances. Researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) have now devised a method that opens up new scales of tomographic imaging and will thus make the detailed study of representative volumes of biological tissue and materials science specimens possible in future.