- Tabrecta (capmatinib) showed a median overall survival (OS) of 20.8 months in treatment-na´ve patients and 13.6 months in previously-treated patients in first published mature data1,2
- Tabrecta achieved 65.6% overall response rate (ORR) in first-line and 51.6% in second-line settings in new expansion cohort analysis of additional patients1,2
- Patient-reported outcomes on quality-of-life symptoms were also presented3
- Tabrecta is the first therapy approved by the FDA to specifically target metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a mutation that leads to MET exon 14 skipping (METex14)
Basel, June 4, 2021 - Novartis today announced the first published mature overall survival (OS) and updated overall response rate (ORR) data following treatment with Tabrecta (capmatinib) in adult patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a mutation that leads to MET exon 14 skipping (METex14)1-3. Data from the ongoing, pivotal, multi-cohort Phase II GEOMETRY mono-1 study will be presented today during the 2021 Annual American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Virtual Scientific Meeting (Poster Discussion Session, Lung Cancer-Non-Small Cell Metastatic; June 4, 2021, 9:00 AM-10:00 AM CT; abstract 9020).
"This new analysis further supports Tabrecta as a cornerstone targeted treatment for METex14 NSCLC patients and highlights the importance of biomarker testing," said Juergen Wolf, MD, from the Center for Integrated Oncology, University Hospital Cologne, and lead investigator of the GEOMETRY study. "The impressive overall survival outcome and confirmed outstanding response in the first-line setting will help oncologists decide upon a therapeutic option for patients."
The analysis includes new data from the treatment-na´ve (1L) expansion cohort 7 and previously-treated (2L+) cohort 6, and mature data from previously-reported cohorts, for a total of 160 patients1,2.
"The introduction of Tabrecta a year ago dramatically changed the treatment landscape for patients with METex14 NSCLC. Now we have further evidence that Tabrecta, the market-leading treatment specifically for METex14 NSCLC patients4, has the potential to help people live longer," said Jeff Legos, Senior Vice President, Head of Oncology Drug Development, Novartis Oncology.
The results presented today provide additional data on the efficacy of Tabrecta in both treatment-na´ve and previously-treated patients with METex14 metastatic NSCLC 2:
- 67.9% (95% CI: 47.6, 84.1) and 65.6% (95% CI: 46.8, 81.4) among treatment-na´ve patients (Cohort 5b; n= 28 and Cohort 7; n= 32 patients, respectively)
- 40.6% (95% CI: 28.9, 53.1) and 51.6% (95% CI: 33.1, 69.8) among previously-treated patients (Cohort 4; n= 69 and Cohort 6; n= 31 patients, respectively)
- 12.6 months (95% Cl: 5.6-NE) and NE (95% CI: 5.5-NE) among treatment-na´ve patients (Cohort 5b; n= 28 and Cohort 7; n= 32 patients, respectively)
- 9.7 months (95% Cl: 5.6-13.0) and 8.4 months (95% Cl: 4.2-NE) among previously-treated patients (Cohort 4; n= 69 and Cohort 6; n= 31 patients, respectively)
Overall survival (OS):
- 20.8 months (95% CI: 12.42, NE [not estimated]) among treatment-na´ve patients (Cohort 5b; n= 28)
- 13.6 months (95% CI: 8.61, 22.24) among previously-treated patients (Cohort 4; n= 69)
- Median OS for expansion Cohorts 6 & 7 are not reached
No new safety signals or unexpected safety findings were observed. Ninety-eight percent of subjects had at least one adverse event (AE) of any grade and 50.9% of subjects had at least one serious adverse event (SAE). Thirteen percent were suspected to be treatment-related. The most common adverse events (>20%, all grades) across all cohorts were peripheral edema, nausea, vomiting, increased blood creatinine, dyspnea, fatigue and decreased appetite. The majority of AEs were grade 3 or 42.
Currently, the five-year survival rate for lung cancer is less than 20%5, decreasing further when the disease is diagnosed at later stages6. Nearly one in three patients with metastatic NSCLC may have an actionable mutation7,8. METex14 has been reported to occur in 3%-4% of metastatic NSCLC cases9. Many patients with mutations that lead to METex14 are not diagnosed with NSCLC until their disease has progressed to later stages and often have poor prognosis10,11.
A separate analysis of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) evaluated cough, delayed time to lung symptom deterioration, and quality of life (QoL) in NSCLC patients with METex14 (abstract 9056)3.
- Median time to definitive deterioration (TTDD) in global health status (GHS) was 16.6 months (95% CI: 9.7, NE) and 12.4 months (95% CI: 4.2, 19.4) in 1L and 2L+ patients, respectively
- Median TTDD for cough and chest pain was NE in both 1L and 2L+ patients, and for dyspnea was 19.4 months (95% CI: 12.4, NE) and 22.1 months (95% CI: 9.9, NE), respectively
- An exploratory post hoc analysis evaluated QLQ-LC13 symptoms (cough, chest pain, and dyspnea) over time for patients achieving a clinical response, as assessed by BIRC, found these symptoms improved at all cycles in patients achieving clinical complete response (CR) or partial response, while symptom worsening was seen in those with no clinical response
Additionally, a retrospective analysis of GEOMETRY mono-1 validates the clinical utility of liquid biopsy testing to identify METex14 positiveápatientsáfor treatment witháTabrecta (Poster Session: Lung Cancer-Non-Small Cell Metastatic; abstract 9111)12.
Visitá https://www.hcp.novartis.com/virtual-congress/a-2021/ for the latest information from Novartis, including our commitment to the Oncology community, and access to our ASCO21 Virtual Scientific Program data presentations (for registered participants).
About GEOMETRY mono-1
GEOMETRY mono-1 is a Phase II a multi-center, non-randomized, open-label, multi-cohort study in adult patients with EGFR wild-type, ALK-negative rearrangement, metastatic NSCLC harboring mutations that lead to MET exon-14 skipping who received capmatinib tablets 400 mg orally twice daily.
Patients were assigned to cohorts on the basis of MET status and previous lines of therapy13. The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR) based on the Blinded Independent Review Committee (BIRC) assessment per RECIST v1.1. The key secondary endpoint was duration of response (DOR) evaluated by BIRC.
About Tabrecta (capmatinib) Tabrecta (capmatinib) is a kinase inhibitor that targets MET. Tabrecta was discovered by Incyte and licensed to Novartis in 2009. Under the Agreement, Incyte granted Novartis worldwide exclusive development and commercialization rights to capmatinib and certain back-up compounds in all indications. In May 2020, Tabrecta was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for adult patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors have a mutation that leads to METex14 as detected by an FDA-approved test. This indication was approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trial(s).
In June 2020, Tabrecta was approved by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) for adult patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors have a mutation that leads to METex14 as detected by an FDA-approved test.áTabrecta was also approved in Hong Kong in February 2021 and Switzerland in April 2021.
Novartis and Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, accounting for more than 2 million new cases diagnosed each year14. There are two main types of lung cancer - small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)15,16. NSCLC accounts for approximately 85% of lung cancer diagnoses, resulting in nearly 2 million new cases each year14,16.áMore people die of lung cancer every year than any other cancer type14. Treatment options are limited for people with lung cancer who experience cancer growth or progression while on current standard of care treatments17-19.
Novartis is committed to developing best-in-class treatments for lung cancer patients around the world. With a focus on both targeted, personalized medicine and the role of newer core immuno-oncology therapies, the lung cancer drug development program at Novartis is among the most robust in the industry. Novartis research activities are informed by our long-term relationships with leading lung cancer thought leaders and patient advocates. With them, Novartis is committed to reimagining the treatment of lung cancer.
TABRECTA (capmatinib) tablets is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with a kind of lung cancer called non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has spread to other parts of the body or cannot be removed by surgery (metastatic), and whose tumors have an abnormal mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) gene.
The effectiveness of TABRECTA in these patients is based on a study that measured 2 types of response to treatment (response rate and duration of response). There is no clinical information available to show if patients treated with TABRECTA live longer or if their symptoms improve. There are ongoing studies to find out how TABRECTA works over a longer period of time.
It is not known if TABRECTA is safe and effective in children.