profil der Schweiz

profil der Schweiz

  • Hauptstadt: Bern
  • Einwohnerzahl: 8,482 Mio (in 2017).
  • National languages: German (63.7%), French (20.4%), Italian (6.5%), Romansh (0.5%)
  • Nationaltag: 1. August

Regierung

Die Schweiz ist seit 1848 ein parlamentarischer Bundesstaat von 23 Kantonen.

Geographie

  • Fläche : 41,293 km2. Die Alpen bedecken 60% der Schweizer Fläche.
  • Höchster Gipfel: Dufourspitze: 4,634 m
  • Grösster Gletscher : Aletsch 117 km2

Grösste Städte und Agglomerationen

Bevölkerung in Tausend im Jahr 2014

Stadt Einwohner in Agglomeration (nur Stadt)
Zürich 1’315 (391)
Genf 570 (195)
Basel 537 (169)
Bern 407 (130)
Lausanne 403 (134)
Quelle: OFS

Scientific Research

Switzerland has an old tradition in science, and it is among leading countries in scientific research. Switzerland is especially strong in chemistry and biotechnology, and appears regularly in good positions in research rankings (see www.universityrankings.ch) and numerous Swiss scientists have received the Nobel prizes in all scientific disciplines.

Economy

Switzerland’s economy is based on a highly qualified labour force performing highly skilled work. The main areas include microtechnology, hitech, biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, as well as banking and insurance know-how. The service sector now employs the greatest number of people.

Most of the people working in Switzerland are employed by small and medium-sized enterprises (SME), which play an extremely important role in the Swiss economy.

General links