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Life Sciences
25.04.2017
A novel form of iron for fortification of foods
A novel form of iron for fortification of foods
Whey protein nanofibrils loaded with iron nanoparticles: ETH researchers are developing a new and highly effective way of fortifying iron into food and drinks.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
24.04.2017
Little Ice Age displaced the tropical rain belt
Little Ice Age displaced the tropical rain belt
Even small changes in global temperature can trigger a migration of the tropical rain belt. This can also lead to climate change, as described by a team of researchers from ETH Zurich and other universities. The tropical rain belt, also known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), is in a state of constant migration.
Life Sciences
20.04.2017
Cameras can reveal images that are hidden to the naked eye
Cameras can reveal images that are hidden to the naked eye
EPFL researchers took advantage of the limits of human vision to hide an image in a video. The image is invisible to the human eye, but not to a camera. Human visual perception works well and is very effective at seeing what's important to us. But our eyes are not capable of analyzing video images that last longer than 40 milliseconds.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
19.04.2017
Gelatine instead of forearm
Gelatine instead of forearm
The characteristics of human skin are heavily dependent on the hydration of the tissue - in simple terms, the water content.
Chemistry
19.04.2017
Nanoparticles remain unpredictable
Nanoparticles remain unpredictable
The way that nanoparticles behave in the environment is extremely complex. There is currently a lack of systematic experimental data to help understand them comprehensively, as ETH environmental scientists have shown in a large overview study. A more standardised approach would help to advance the research field.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
13.04.2017
Shedding light on the absorption of light by titanium dioxide
Shedding light on the absorption of light by titanium dioxide
EPFL scientists have uncovered the hidden properties of titanium dioxide, one of the most promising materials for light-conversion technology. Figure Caption : Lattice structure of anatase TiO 2 with a graphical representation of the 2D exciton that is generated by the absorption of light (purple wavy arrow).
Medicine/Pharmacology
12.04.2017
Targeting blood vessels to improve cancer immunotherapy
Targeting blood vessels to improve cancer immunotherapy
EPFL scientists have improved the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy by blocking two proteins that regulate the growth of tumor blood vessels. Cancer immunotherapy aims to enhance or restore the ability of the patient's immune system - namely T'cells - to recognize and attack cancer. But tumors use several strategies to fight back immune attacks, making immunotherapy efficacious only in a minority of the patients.
Business/Economics - Environment/Sustainable Development
11.04.2017
Assessing the impact of climate risks on the financial system
Assessing the impact of climate risks on the financial system
In the wake of 2015 Climate Paris Agreements to limit global temperature below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, many governmental and private stakeholders have advocated for the introduction of policies to mitigate climate change.
Medicine/Pharmacology
10.04.2017
Medically monitoring premature babies with cameras
Medically monitoring premature babies with cameras
Researchers at EPFL and CSEM have developed a contactless and wireless camera system to continuously monitor the vital signs of premature babies. This system could replace skin sensors, which cause false alarms nearly 90% of the time. Preliminary tests will soon be carried out on newborns at University Hospital Zurich, a partner in the project.
Life Sciences
10.04.2017
Brain stimulation influences honest behavior
Brain stimulation influences honest behavior
Honesty plays a key role in social and economic life. Without honesty, promises are not kept, contracts are not enforced, taxes remain unpaid. Despite the importance of honesty for society, its biological basis remains poorly understood. Researchers at the University of Zurich, together with colleagues from Chicago and Boston, now show that honest behavior can be increased by means of non-invasive brain stimulation.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Architecture
10.04.2017
Modern construction using long-forgotten techniques
Modern construction using long-forgotten techniques
Researchers at ETH Zurich's Department of Architecture (D-ARCH) have developed a concrete floor system that does not require steel reinforcement and is 70 percent lighter than conventional concrete floors.
Business/Economics
07.04.2017
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
06.04.2017
Unraveling the mystery of snowflakes, from the Alps to Antarctica
Unraveling the mystery of snowflakes, from the Alps to Antarctica
Using a special multi-angle camera, EPFL researchers have gained important insights into the structure of snowflakes. Their aim is to improve the accuracy of snowfall measurements and winter weather forecasts. Imagine taking pictures of thousands of snowflakes from three different angles with a specialized instrument installed at an altitude of 2,500 meters.
Environment/Sustainable Development
06.04.2017
Control pest fungi in an environmentally
Control pest fungi in an environmentally
The St. Gallen-based Empa biotech spin-off, MycoSolutions AG, has developed a new fungal product that improves the soil and controls pest fungi in an environmentally friendly way. Wooden poles remain in use much longer, leading to cost savings of millions for operators. A "Proof-of-Concept" is now available for the integrated wood preservation method.
Careers/Employment
05.04.2017
A more secure biometric authentication system
A more secure biometric authentication system
EPFL's Security and Cryptography Laboratory joined forces with startup Global ID to develop an encryption technique for processing biometric data captured via 3D finger vein recognition - a system that's next to impossible to counterfeit.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
04.04.2017
Using drugs to weaken traumatic memories
Physical violence, war or a natural disaster can trigger posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Those affected keep reliving the traumatic event – through memories that hit them out of the blue or as recurring nightmares. As this psychological wound can't always be treated successfully with psychotherapy, scientists have long been looking for a way to influence trauma memory using drugs.
Physics/Materials Science
04.04.2017
Platelets instead of quantum dots
Platelets instead of quantum dots
A team of researchers led by ETH Zurich professor David Norris has developed a model to clarify the general mechanism of nanoplatelet formation. Using pyrite, they also managed to confirm their theory. Scientists have been researching luminous coloured quantum dots (QDs) since the 1980s. These nanocrystals are now part of our everyday lives: the electronics industry uses them in LCD televisions to enhance colour reproduction and image quality.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
03.04.2017
Society considers people with mental illnesses to be more dangerous than they are
Society considers people with mental illnesses to be more dangerous than they are
How dangerous does the general public consider mentally ill people to be? Scientists at the University of Basel and the University Psychiatric Clinics Basel have investigated the factors that influence social stigma.
Computer Science/Telecom
03.04.2017
Machine translation: going beyond sentence by sentence
Machine translation: going beyond sentence by sentence
In working sentence by sentence, translation algorithms omit much of the context and make mistakes. A project supported by the SNSF has developed new algorithmic techniques designed to do a better job of taking the entire text into account. Researchers supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) have come up with a new approach to improving machine translation tools such as the famous Google Translate, which processes hundreds of billions of words daily.
Life Sciences - Sport Sciences
03.04.2017
Area of the brain affected by autism detected
Area of the brain affected by autism detected
Brain researchers at ETH Zurich and other universities have shown for the first time that a region of the brain associated with empathy only activates very weakly in autistic people. This knowledge could help to develop new therapies for those affected by autism. Professor Nicole Wenderoth and her senior scientist Joshua Balsters, both researchers at ETH, have used functional MRI images (fMRI) from autistic adolescents to discover unusual activity in a particular region of the brain, the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC).
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