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Astronomy / Space Science - 21.09.2018
Space research: What happens to soils in weightlessness?
Space research: What happens to soils in weightlessness?
In the future, astronauts on long missions in space will have to take care of their own farming. But will that even work? An unusual experiment by Eawag researcher was designed to find some of the answers. Life on our planet has always been under the influence of gravity. But how would soils, plants and other organisms react in a zero-gravity situation? Scientists have been puzzling over this question since last decades until now, and Eawag hydrologist and soil physicist, Joaquin Jimenez-Martinez and his colleagues are also keen to understand how zero gravity affects soil processes.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation / Technology - 07.09.2018
Scientists sketch out the foundations of a colony on Mars
Scientists sketch out the foundations of a colony on Mars
EPFL scientists have mapped out the steps required to build a self-sustaining research base on Mars that would be habitable for the long term. Their work can help researchers set priorities for space programs exploring Mars as well as the solar system as a whole. If there was ever life on Mars, its traces are most likely to be found at the planet's poles.

Astronomy / Space Science - 27.08.2018
Jupiter had growth disorders
Jupiter had growth disorders
How Jupiter was formed? Data collected from meteorites had indicated that the growth of the giant planet had been delayed for two million years. Now the researchers have found an explanation: Collisions with kilometer-sized blocks generated high energy, which meant that in this phase hardly any accretion of gas could take place and the planet could only grow slowly.

Astronomy / Space Science - 23.08.2018
New comet models thanks to
New comet models thanks to "Chury" data
The MiARD project (Multi-instrument Analysis of Rosetta Data) was a 30-month international research project led by the University of Bern to make the best use of the vast amount of data produced by the Rosetta mission. The most important results, models and an artistic project on MiARD have now been presented.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 23.08.2018
Iron and titanium discovered in the atmosphere of an exoplanet
Iron and titanium discovered in the atmosphere of an exoplanet
For the first time, researchers of the universities of Bern and Geneva have proven the presence of iron and titanium in the atmosphere of an exoplanet. The existence of these elements in gas form was theoretically predicted by a team led by the Bernese astronomer Kevin Heng and has now been confirmed by Geneva-based astronomers.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 19.07.2018
Aquatic research from an altitude of 800 km
Aquatic research from an altitude of 800 km
Thanks to Copernicus - the EU Earth Observation Programme initiated in 2014 - environmental researchers now have access to vast amounts of high-quality satellite data. As this is also invaluable for aquatic research, Eawag is currently expanding its capacity in the area of remote sensing. "That's probably the most successful proposal I've ever made!" says Professor Johny WŁest, his eyes sparkling.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation / Technology - 26.06.2018
How to find signs of life in space
How to find signs of life in space
A series of new papers, that lay out strategies to search for signs of life beyond our solar system, assume that the detection of atmospheric signatures of a few potentially habitable planets may possibly come before 2030. Three years ago, NASA has gathered researchers from around the world to support and accelerate techniques to answer the question: Are we alone?

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation / Technology - 25.06.2018
Where Medical Technology and Astrophysics Meet
Where Medical Technology and Astrophysics Meet
At the University of Bern, astrophysicists of the Center for Space and Habitability (CSH) teamed up with medical technology researchers to develop a new method to analyse spectra of atmospheres of planets beyond our solar system. The unusual collaboration applied an artificial intelligence tool to study the chemistry of exoplanetary atmospheres.

Astronomy / Space Science - 21.05.2018
Cosmic ravioli and spaetzle
Cosmic ravioli and spaetzle
The small inner moons of Saturn look like giant ravioli and spaetzle. Their spectacular shape has been revealed by the Cassini spacecraft. For the first time, researchers of the University of Bern show how these moons were formed. The peculiar shapes are a natural outcome of merging collisions among similar-sized little moons as computer simulations demonstrate.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 18.05.2018
Focus on space debris
Focus on space debris
The Astronomical Institute of the University of Bern (AIUB) has extended its observatory in Zimmerwald with two additional domed structures, and has renovated a dome. As a result, there are now six fully automated telescopes available for observation and specifically for detecting and cataloguing space debris.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 03.05.2018
Rumblings deep down in Mars
Rumblings deep down in Mars
On 5 May the lander 'InSight' will commence its journey to Mars from California. Its aim is to gather data to enable a better understanding of the formation and evolution of the Red Planet. One of the key instruments on the NASA mission is a seismometer, which was developed and built under the lead of France together with Germany, Switzerland, the UK and the USA.

Astronomy / Space Science - 26.04.2018
Bernese Mars camera CaSSIS sends first colour images from Mars
Bernese Mars camera CaSSIS sends first colour images from Mars
The Mars camera CaSSIS on the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter has returned its first colour images of the red planet.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 23.04.2018
Studying dwarf galaxies to get the big picture
Studying dwarf galaxies to get the big picture
EPFL scientists have completed the fastidious task of analyzing 27 dwarf galaxies in detail, identifying the conditions under which they were formed and how they've since evolved. These small-scale galaxies are perfect for studying the mechanisms of new star formation and the very first steps in the creation of the universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics / Materials Science - 17.04.2018
Meteorite diamonds tell of a lost planet
Meteorite diamonds tell of a lost planet
Using transmission electron microscopy, EPFL scientists have examined a slice from a meteorite that contains large diamonds formed at high pressure. The study shows that the parent body from which the meteorite came was a planetary embryo of a size between Mercury to Mars. The discovery is published.

Astronomy / Space Science - 05.04.2018
Space telescope CHEOPS leaves the University of Bern
Space telescope CHEOPS leaves the University of Bern
Construction of the space telescope CHEOPS is finished. The engineers from the Center for Space and Habitability (CSH) at the University of Bern will package the instrument this week and send it to Madrid, where it will be integrated on the satellite platform.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 16.03.2018
A massive telescope for seeing the invisible
Some of the universe's greatest mysteries could soon be resolved thanks to the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), a huge radio telescope that will be built in South Africa and Australia. Several EPFL labs are involved in this epic project. With the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) telescope, scientists hope to be able to view matter and forces that have been invisible until now.

Astronomy / Space Science - 05.03.2018
Comet "Chury’s" late birth
Comets which consist of two parts, like Chury, can form after a catastrophic collision of larger bodies. Such collisions may have taken place in a later phase of our solar system, which suggests that Chury can be much younger than previously assumed. This is shown through computer simulations by an international research group with the participation of the University of Bern.

Astronomy / Space Science - 26.02.2018
Black Hole Blasts May Transform
Black Hole Blasts May Transform "Mini-Neptunes" into Rocky Worlds
A team of astrophysicists and planetary scientists has predicted that Neptune-like planets located near the center of the Milky Way galaxy have been transformed into rocky planets by outbursts generated by the nearby supermassive black hole. These findings combine computer simulations with data from recent exoplanet findings, and X-ray and ultraviolet observations of stars and black holes.

Astronomy / Space Science - 05.02.2018
What the TRAPPIST-1 planets could look like
What the TRAPPIST-1 planets could look like
Researchers at the University of Bern are providing the most precise calculations so far of the masses of the seven planets around the star TRAPPIST-1. From this, new findings are emerging about their density and composition: All TRAPPIST-1 planets consist primarily of rock and contain up to five percent water.

Physics / Materials Science - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.11.2017
Still no sign of dark matter
Still no sign of dark matter
Measurements at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI further constrain theories about the nature of dark matter Experts are largely in agreement that a major portion of the mass in the universe consists of so-called dark matter. Its nature, however, remains completely obscure. One kind of hypothetical elementary particle that might make up the dark matter is the so-called axion.
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