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Health - Pharmacology - 05.07.2022
How Omicron dodges the immune system
How Omicron dodges the immune system
By comparing the neutralisation capacity induced by the different variants of SARS-CoV-2, a team from the UNIGE and the HUG reveals the exceptional capacity of Omicron to evade our immunity. The current wave of COVID-19 highlights a particularly high risk of reinfection by the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
The World Health Organization (WHO) recently listed a new sibling diagnosis for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), termed complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). An international team with the involvement of the University of Zurich has now summarized the symptoms of the long-awaited new diagnosis and issued guidelines for clinical assessment and treatment.

Health - 30.06.2022
The mere sight of a meal triggers an inflammatory response in the brain
The mere sight of a meal triggers an inflammatory response in the brain
Even before carbohydrates reach the bloodstream, the very sight and smell of a meal trigger the release of insulin. For the first time, researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel have shown that this insulin release depends on a short-term inflammatory response that takes place in these circumstances.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.06.2022
Nitric Oxide Does Not Improve Babies' Recovery after Heart Surgery
Nitric Oxide Does Not Improve Babies’ Recovery after Heart Surgery
Infants undergoing heart surgery are connected to a heart-lung machine and given nitric oxide as an anti-inflammatory. Researchers from the Universities of Zurich and Queensland have now conducted the world's largest study of its kind, showing that using nitric oxide does not improve children's recovery after surgery.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.06.2022
With a hydrogel against black skin cancer
With a hydrogel against black skin cancer
Researchers at the University of Bern have developed a therapy option that activates the body's own defense system against black skin cancer. Components of a bacterium are embedded in gel and applied directly to the area of the tumor. In the model, the gel was shown to reduce tumor growth, inhibit its spread to other organs and thereby prolong survival.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.06.2022
The economic effects of Cannabis in Switzerland
The economic effects of Cannabis in Switzerland
A study conducted by the UNIGE and the consulting firm EBP reveals that the entire Cannabis system in Switzerland generates an annual turnover of one billion francs. Cannabis generates an annual turnover of around one billion Swiss Francs. This sum does not only contain production, import and trade in the shadow economy but also legal economic activity such as policing, the judicial system, social work and healthcare.

Health - Environment - 20.06.2022
European map of aerosol pollution
European map of aerosol pollution
Researchers have measured the composition of fine dust at 22 locations in Europe. The result of this international study, led by the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, is a European map of the most important aerosol sources. The researchers have now published their findings in the journal Environment International .

Health - Life Sciences - 20.06.2022
Neutralizing antibodies control bacterial infection
Neutralizing antibodies control bacterial infection
University of Basel researchers have discovered neutralizing antibodies which prevent bacterial infection or bring them to a halt. Only changes in the antibody docking sites on the bacterial cell surface enables the pathogen to evade this effective immune defense. Bartonella are bacteria that are transmitted from blood-sucking insects to mammals, including humans.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.06.2022
A new hope for a therapy against retinitis pigmentosa
A new hope for a therapy against retinitis pigmentosa
A team led by the UNIGE has identified a molecular mechanism that causes degeneration of the eye's photoreceptors, which can lead to blindness. Retinitis pigmentosa , a degenerative genetic disease of the eye, is characterized by progressive vision loss, usually leading to blindness. In some patients, structural defects in the photoreceptor cells have been observed, but the molecular mechanisms involved are not understood.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.06.2022
Breakthrough study of hormone 'crosstalk' in breast cancer
Breakthrough study of hormone ’crosstalk’ in breast cancer
Scientists led by EPFL have successfully engrafted breast cancer cells on mice, allowing them to study in vivo the cross-talk between the estrogen and progesterone receptors that hampers hormone therapies. Their findings suggest that endocrine therapy may need to be personalized, and that abrogating progesterone receptor expression can be a therapeutic option.

Health - 14.06.2022
When Distancing Rules are Useless
When Distancing Rules are Useless
Researchers from ETH Zurich and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) have created a risk map showing which regions in Africa may see a faster spread of infectious diseases due to lacking infrastructure. The coronavirus pandemic has made people around the globe realise how important individual behaviour is for mitigating the spread of diseases.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.06.2022
Streamlining stem cells to treat macular degeneration
Streamlining stem cells to treat macular degeneration
Scientists at EPFL and the Karolinska Institute have tested and confirmed a protocol for growing human embryonic stem cells into retina cells to treat eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration. As we age, so do our eyes; most commonly, this involves changes to our vision and new glasses, but there are more severe forms of age-related eye problems.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.06.2022
Good bacteria to tackle depression
Good bacteria to tackle depression
Intestinal flora plays an important role in health - including mental health. Researchers from the University of Basel and the University Psychiatric Clinics Basel (UPK) have shown that probiotics can support the effect of antidepressants and help to alleviate depression. When he was visited by what he called "the black dog", Winston Churchill could barely get out of bed.

Health - Life Sciences - 08.06.2022
Meteorite impact in the brain
Meteorite impact in the brain
A blood clot in the brain that blocks the supply of oxygen can cause an acute stroke. In this case, every minute counts. A team from Empa, the University Hospital in Geneva and the Hirslanden Clinic is currently developing a diagnostic procedure that can be used to start a tailored therapy in a timely manner, as they write in the current issue of the scientific journal Scientific Reports.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.06.2022
How animals reach their correct size
How animals reach their correct size
Adults of the same species usually differ very little in their size. A team from the University of Bern and the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research (FMI) in Basel has now discovered a mechanism that ensures such size uniformity. The research using nematodes showed that the speed of growth determines the speed of a genetic clock that times development.

Health - Chemistry - 07.06.2022
Mucus molecules can thwart fungal infection
Mucus molecules can thwart fungal infection
Candida albicans is a yeast that colonizes the mucosal surfaces of most healthy humans. Under certain conditions, it can switch to a harmful form and cause infection. Researchers have now identified components of mucus that keep the pathogen from turning destructive, thus laying the foundation for a new class of drugs.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.05.2022
A World Premiere: For the First Time, a Human Liver Was Treated in a Machine and Then Successfully Transplanted
A World Premiere: For the First Time, a Human Liver Was Treated in a Machine and Then Successfully Transplanted
The multidisciplinary Zurich research team Liver4Life has succeeded in doing something during a treatment attempt that had never been achieved in the history of medicine until now: it treated an originally damaged human liver in a machine for three days outside of a body and then implanted the recovered organ into a cancer patient.

Health - 30.05.2022
Cancer: the double advantage of killer T-cells
Cancer: the double advantage of killer T-cells
Scientists highlight the unexpected effect of certain immunotherapies to prevent cancer metastases. To grow, tumours rely on a specific structure, the tumour stroma. This includes blood vessels, which provide the nutrients necessary for the multiplication of diseased cells, and of lymphatic vessels, through which they migrate to metastasise.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.05.2022
Cystic fibrosis: restoring airway integrity
Cystic fibrosis: restoring airway integrity
A team from the University of Geneva reveals that hydrating the surface of the airways of people with cystic fibrosis restores their protective barrier against unwanted bacteria. Cystic fibrosis is a rare genetic disease which can cause very serious symptoms. In particular, patients suffer from chronic bacterial infections that can lead to respiratory failure.

Health - 19.05.2022
Dolphins Line Up to Self-Medicate Skin Ailments at Coral ’Clinics’
If a human comes down with a rash, they might go to the doctor and come away with some ointment to put on it. Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins get skin conditions, too, but they come about their medication by queuing up nose-to-tail to rub themselves against corals. In the journal iScience on 19 May, researchers show that these corals have medicinal properties, suggesting that the dolphins are using the marine invertebrates to medicate skin conditions.
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