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History/Archeology



Results 1 - 15 of 15.


History / Archeology - Literature / Linguistics - 12.07.2018
Mystery of the Basel papyrus solved
Mystery of the Basel papyrus solved
Since the 16th century, Basel has been home to a mysterious papyrus. With mirror writing on both sides, it has puzzled generations of researchers. A research team from the University of Basel has now discovered that it is an unknown medical document from late antiquity. The text was likely written by the famous Roman physician Galen.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 10.05.2018
Leprosy Possibly Originated in Europe
Leprosy Possibly Originated in Europe
Leprosy is one of the oldest recorded and most stigmatized diseases in human history. The disease was prevalent in Europe until the 16th century and is still endemic in many countries, with over 200,000 new cases reported annually. The bacterium Mycobacterium leprae is the main cause of leprosy. Previous research on the bacterium suggested that it clusters into several strains, only two of which were present in Medieval Europe.

History / Archeology - Literature / Linguistics - 09.05.2018
Left unprinted for lack of interest: the largest German dictionary of the 18th century in Basel
Left unprinted for lack of interest: the largest German dictionary of the 18th century in Basel
For 250 years, the extensive set of manuscripts and papers lay unnoticed in the University Library's basement.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 04.04.2018
Inner Ear Provides Clues to Human Dispersal
Inner Ear Provides Clues to Human Dispersal
The early migration of humans out of Africa and across the world can be proven using genetic and morphological analyses. However, morphological data from the skull and skeleton often only allow limited conclusions to be drawn about the geographical dispersal pattern, especially because of the many ways in which the human skeleton adapts to local environmental conditions.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 08.03.2018
StructuralNavigation_Title
StructuralNavigation_Title
Deep in a swamp in the Russian republic of Tuva, SNSF-funded archaeologist Gino Caspari has discovered an undisturbed Scythian burial mound. All the evidence suggests that this is not only the largest Scythian princely tomb in South Siberia, but also the earliest - and that it may be harbouring some outstandingly well-preserved treasures.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 11.01.2018
Bernese archaeologist discovers the earliest tomb of a Scythian prince
Bernese archaeologist discovers the earliest tomb of a Scythian prince
Deep in a swamp in the Russian republic of Tuva, SNSF-funded archaeologist Gino Caspari has discovered an undisturbed Scythian burial mound. All the evidence suggests that this is not only the largest Scythian princely tomb in South Siberia, but also the earliest - and that it may be harbouring some outstandingly well-preserved treasures.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 29.09.2017
Two items of anthology now stored for eternity in DNA
Two items of anthology now stored for eternity in DNA
Thanks to an innovative technology for encoding data in DNA strands, two items of world heritage - songs recorded at the Montreux Jazz Festival and digitized by EPFL - have been safeguarded for eternity.

Environment - History / Archeology - 27.03.2017
Sun's impact on climate change quantified for first time
Sun’s impact on climate change quantified for first time
For the first time, model calculations show a plausible way that fluctuations in solar activity could have a tangible impact on the climate. Studies funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation expect human-induced global warming to tail off slightly over the next few decades. A weaker sun could reduce temperatures by half a degree.

History / Archeology - Literature / Linguistics - 19.01.2017
School curricula are a reflection of society's expectations
School curricula are a reflection of society’s expectations
In a pioneering project, researchers studied the development of school curricula in Switzerland's three main language regions.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 16.12.2016
Battlefield of the sexes
Battlefield of the sexes
How the differences between the sexes evolve depends not only on which parts of the genome are sex-specifically active. The question also arises concerning the sex in which such changes take place. ETH researchers demonstrate this using a closely related pair of plants. Scientists have been asking a fundamental question ever since the time of Darwin: how do the different sexes evolve when the genes of females and males are for the most part the same? Take the example of humans: a small but obviously important genetic difference between women and men is that a man has a Y chromosome.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 21.09.2016
The first genomic history of Australia's peopling
The first genomic history of Australia’s peopling
Australia has one of the longest histories of continuous human occupation outside Africa. But who exactly were the first people to settle there? Such a question has obvious political implications and has been hotly debated for decades. The first comprehensive genomic study of Aboriginal Australians reveals that they are indeed the direct descendants of Australia's earliest settlers and diverged from their Papuan neighbours about 37'000 years ago (y.a.).

Computer Science / Telecom - History / Archeology - 02.11.2015
Revealing the mysteries of the Maya script
Revealing the mysteries of the Maya script
02.11.15 - EPFL researchers have come up with an algorithm to analyze Mayan writing. This project could one day contribute to translating this complex and still partially unknown language. While some five million people still speak a language that evolved out of Mayan civilization in South America, the written language has suffered a different fate.

Earth Sciences - History / Archeology - 24.08.2011
Scanners reveal a wreck in the Lake Geneva
Scanners reveal a wreck in the Lake Geneva
Scientists have discovered a new wreck on the bottom of the Lake Geneva. Underwater archaeology is benefiting from scanners developed for scientific research. “It's always a memorable moment when you find an unknown shipwreck. It's not on the maps, and after having gone around it, I didn't see any inscription on its hull,” explains Evgeny Chernyaev, who was piloting the submersible.

Media - History / Archeology - 27.01.2011
Swiss democracy unexceptional
Swiss democracy unexceptional
Switzerland is not the democracy par excellence as thought, but only a mediocre one and ranks fourteenth when compared with twenty-nine established democracies.

History / Archeology - Environment - 13.01.2011
Climate impact on ancient societies
Climate impact on ancient societies
Annual-resolved European summer climate has, for the first time ever, been reconstructed over the past 2,500 years. Tree rings reveal possible links between past climate variability and changes in human history. Climate change coincided with periods of socioeconomic, cultural and political turmoil associated with the Barbarian Migrations, the Black Death and Thirty Years' War.