famous swiss scientists

famous swiss scientists

A list of famous or significant Swiss researchers, scientists or important contributors in various disciplines:

Architecture

  • Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (Le Corbusier) (1887-1965)
  • Mario Botta (b. 1943)
  • Herzog & de Meuron Architekten
  • Peter Zumthor (b. 1943), winner of the 2009 Pritzker Prize.
  • Bernard Tschumi (b. 1944)

Astronomy

  • Didier Queloz (b. 1966), Michel Mayor. First definitive detection of an extra solar plante orbiting an ordinary star (51 Pegasi).

Chemistry

  • Paul Karrer (1889–1971); Russian born. Authority on vitamins. Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1937.
  • Alfred Werner (1866–1919); Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1913.
  • Leopold Ruzicka (1887–1976); Yugoslav-born, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1939.
  • Vladimir Prelog (1906–1998); Yugoslav-born, Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1975.
  • Albert Hofmann (1906–2008)
  • Richard R. Ernst (b. 1933), Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1991.
  • Kurt Wütrich (b. 1938); Nobel Prize for chemistry in 2002.

Geology

  • Jean-André Deluc (1727-1817), geologist
  • Louis Agassiz (Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz, 1807–73)

History / Archeology

  • Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier (1840-1914) archaeologist
  • Jacob Burckhard (1818-1897), historien, spécialiste de la renaissance
  • Jean-François Bergier (1931-2009), historien, auteur du célèbre "Rapport Bergier"

Life Sciences

  • Albrecht von Haller ( 1708 – 1777 ), anatomist, physiologist , naturalist and poet.
  • Charles Bonnet (1720-1793), botanist
  • Horace-Bénédict de Saussure (1740-1799), botanist
  • Johann Büttikofer (1850-1929), zoologist

Literature / Philosophy

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 Genève - 1778 Ermenonville)
  • Johann Georg Baiter (1801-1877), philologist
  • Gottfried Keller (1819-1890)
  • Johanna Spyri (1827-1901), author of Heidi
  • Carl Spitteler (1845-1924), 1919 Nobel Prize in Literature
  • Charles Ferdinand Ramuz (1878-1947)
  • Max Frisch (1911-1991)
  • Friedrich Dürrenmatt (1921-1990)
  • Jacques Chessex (1934-2009)

Mathematics

  • Leonhard Euler (1707–83);
  • Johann Bernoulli (1667–1748)
  • Daniel Bernoulli (1700-1782). Found the dynamical equation of fluids. (known as Bernouilli’s equation).

Medicine

  • Philippus Aureolus Paracelsus (Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, 1493?–1541), physician and alchemist.
  • Emil Theodor Kocher (1841–1917) physiologist, pathologist, and surgeon. Nobel Prize for medicine in 1909.
  • Paul Hermann Müller (1899–1965). Nobel Prize for medicine in 1948.
  • Walter Rudolf Hess (1881–1973). Nobel Prize for medicine in 1949.
  • Tadeus Reichstein (1897-1996), Polish-born. Nobel Prize for medicine in 1950.
  • Werner Arber (b.1929), Nobel Prize for medicine in 1978.

Physics

  • Charles Édouard Guillaume (1861–1938). Nobel Prize for physics in 1920.
  • Auguste Piccard (1884-1962), physicist and balloonist
  • Albert Einstein (1879–1955), German-born and naturalized Swiss citizen. Nobel Prize for physics in 1921.
  • Wolfgang Pauli (1900–1958), Austrian-born. Nobel Prize for physics in 1945.
  • Felix Bloch (1905-1983) Nobel Prize for physics in 1952.
  • Heinrich Rohrer (b.1933), Nobel Prize for physics in 1986.
  • K. Alex Müller (b.1927), Nobel Prize for physics in 1987.

Psychology

 

  • Auguste Forel (1848-1931), psychiatrist, neurologist
  • Carl Jung (1875-1961) Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist who founded analytic psychology , in some aspects a response to Sigmund Freud ’s psychoanalysis . Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion, literature, and related fields.
  • Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Was the first to make a systematic study of the acquisition of understanding in children. He is thought by many to have been the major figure in 20th-century developmental psychology.