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Results 101 - 120 of 294.


Earth Sciences - 15.05.2020
Monitoring glaciers with optical fibres
Monitoring glaciers with optical fibres
Seismic monitoring of glaciers is essential to improving our understanding of their development and to predicting risks. SNSF Professor Fabian Walter has come up with a new monitoring tool in the form of optical fibres. The fibres are capable of monitoring entire glaciers. Glaciers are constantly moving and they therefore need monitoring.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.05.2020
Designing vaccines from artificial proteins
Designing vaccines from artificial proteins
EPFL scientists have developed a new computational approach to create artificial proteins, which showed promising results in vivo as functional vaccines. This approach opens the possibility to engineer safer and more effective vaccines. Vaccines are one of the most effective interventions to prevent the spreading of infectious diseases.

Environment - Transport - 15.05.2020
Life cycle assessment of cars - new web tool helps consumers and researchers
Life cycle assessment of cars - new web tool helps consumers and researchers
Decision support for car buyers: Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute have developed a web tool called the Carculator that can be used to compare the environmental performance of passenger cars in detail. The program determines the environmental balance of vehicles with different size classes and powertrains, and presents the results in comparative graphics.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.05.2020
Geography of childhood cancer in Switzerland studied
Geography of childhood cancer in Switzerland studied
A research group under the direction of the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine of the University Bern has investigated the spatial distribution of childhood cancer risks in Switzerland for the period 1985-2015. The group found evidence of increased risks in certain areas, particularly for brain tumors.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.05.2020
Molecular Signatures can Predict the Efficacy of Malaria Vaccines
Molecular Signatures can Predict the Efficacy of Malaria Vaccines
A new study reveals that it is possible to identify those individuals that will be protected by the malaria vaccine before its administration. The researchers also found that boosting the immune system before vaccination could potentially improve vaccine efficacy. The study was published yesterday in Science Translational Medicine by ISGlobal in partnership with the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and other partners.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 14.05.2020
Observing how fissure systems are formed - thanks to the
Observing how fissure systems are formed - thanks to the "gas sniffer"
The rock laboratory on the Grimsel Pass in the Bernese Oberland lies 400 metres deep in the mountain. There, geophysicists from the ETH Zurich have installed an experimental setup with which they agitate the rock, thereby systematically causing it to break. They want to find out how geothermal energy projects in Switzerland, for example, can be implemented safely in the future.

Health - Materials Science - 14.05.2020
How to assure high-quality masks
How to assure high-quality masks
Empa researchers have worked with the Swiss textile industry to develop technologies and quality standards for textile masks. Hence so-called community masks can now be produced in Switzerland. In order to be able to provide Switzerland with effective protective material during the corona crisis, Empa researchers, together with the textile industry and other partners, have been working under high pressure in recent weeks on technologies and quality standards for so-called community masks.

Physics - 13.05.2020
Speeding up long-range coherent LiDAR
Speeding up long-range coherent LiDAR
LiDAR is a technique used for measuring distances with laser light. In a study published in Nature, researchers at EPFL show a new way to speed up a type of LiDAR engine by using photonic circuits. Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) comprised an array of techniques using laser light to measure distances by multiplying the time delay between transmitted and received optical signals with the speed of light.

Life Sciences - 12.05.2020
A novel pathway ensuring chromosome stability in early mice embryo
A novel pathway ensuring chromosome stability in early mice embryo
The Peters group studies chromatin formation and regulation in mammalian germ cells and during early embryonic development. Now researchers from the group identified a novel pathway that is essential for maintaining the integrity of heterochromatin, and therefore for securing chromosome stability. Chromatin - made up of DNA wrapped up around histone proteins - plays a major role in gene regulation by modulating the accessibility of transcription factors to their target sequences in the genome.

Physics - 12.05.2020
Transistor sets a new standard for energy efficiency
Transistor sets a new standard for energy efficiency
Researchers at EPFL's Nanoelectronic Devices Laboratory (Nanolab), working under Professor Adrian Ionescu, have designed and demonstrated a new type of technology based on 2D semiconducting materials that's almost as energy-efficient as the human brain. Smartphones, laptops and smartwatches consume vast quantities of energy, yet only around half of this energy is actually used to power important functions.

Health - Environment - 11.05.2020
From STI to Swiss TPH: 2009-2019
From STI to Swiss TPH: 2009-2019
Ten years ago, the former Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM) within the University of Basel's Faculty of Medicine was integrated into the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI). Since then, topics such as air pollution, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes have been high on the agenda at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), as it is called today.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 11.05.2020
Peptides that can be taken as a pill
Peptides that can be taken as a pill
Peptides represent a billion-dollar market in the pharmaceutical industry, but they can generally only be taken as injections to avoid degradation by stomach enzymes. Scientists at EPFL have now developed a method to generate peptides that resist enzymatic degradation and can be taken orally. Peptides are short chains of amino acids that occur in our body, in plants or bacteria to control diverse functions.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 11.05.2020
Lighting the path for cells
Lighting the path for cells
ETH researchers have developed a new method in which they use light to draw patterns of molecules that guide living cells. The approach allows for a closer look at the development of multicellular organisms - and in the future may even play a part in novel therapies.   Highly complex organisms can arise from a single cell, which is one of the true miracles of nature.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.05.2020
IOR researchers suggest that androgen-deprivation treatments for prostate cancer could protect men from COVID-19
The so-called "androgen-deprivation" treatments used in prostate cancer therapy may have a protective effect against COVID-19. A study conducted by the Istitute of Oncology Research (IOR, affiliated to USI) based on health data obtained from the Veneto region in Italy has observed a lower risk of developing the coronavirus disease for men subject to this type of therapy.

Environment - Innovation - 11.05.2020
Urban water management: Ways to a flexible future
Urban water management: Ways to a flexible future
In Switzerland, fresh drinking water springs from the tap whenever it is needed. After use, it flows through the sewage system into the central wastewater treatment plants, where it is cleaned and reintroduced into the water cycle. This system has proven itself over many decades. But growing cities, climate change, environmental protection and scarce resources pose new challenges for urban water management.

Health - Environment - 11.05.2020
10 Years Swiss TPH: Integration of the ISPM into the Former Swiss Tropical Institute
10 Years Swiss TPH: Integration of the ISPM into the Former Swiss Tropical Institute
Ten years ago, the former Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM) within the University of Basel's Faculty of Medicine was integrated into the Swiss Tropical Institute (STI). Since then, topics such as air pollution, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes have been high on the agenda at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH), as it is called today.

Career - 11.05.2020
USI enters into an agreement with Elsevier for open access scientific publications
USI enters into an agreement with Elsevier for open access scientific publications
After lengthy negotiations conducted by swissuniversities , an agreement was reached with the publisher Elsevier to allow researchers at Swiss universities to publish free Open Access (OA) articles in the world's leading medical and scientific journals. This agreement, which covers also the University libraries of USI, applies to all Elsevier journals, including Gold OA, but excluding The Cell Press, The Lancet e several society journals .

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 08.05.2020
Sadistic sexual murders involving child victims: insights for police
Sadistic sexual murders involving child victims: insights for police
Researchers supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation analysed how sadistic sexual murderers assaulting child victims commit their crimes and discovered a number of specific patterns. A better understanding of these crimes may help police in their investigations. Sexual homicides involving children are often highly publicised.

Environment - 08.05.2020
Restoring rivers and streams: Effective outcome evaluation
Restoring rivers and streams: Effective outcome evaluation
Canalisation, sewage disposal and hydropower exploitation - rivers are among the most heavily impacted ecosystems worldwide. At the same time, rivers and streams are highly dynamic systems of exceptional biological diversity and social importance. In this area of conflict between protection and exploitation, Switzerland will implement numerous restoration and mitigation projects in the coming decades.

Physics - Materials Science - 07.05.2020
Laser loop couples quantum systems over a distance
Laser loop couples quantum systems over a distance
For the first time, researchers have succeeded in creating strong coupling between quantum systems over a greater distance. They accomplished this with a novel method in which a laser loop connects the systems, enabling nearly lossless exchange of information and strong interaction between them. In the scientific journal Science, the physicists from the University of Basel and University of Hanover reported that the new method opens up new possibilities in quantum networks and quantum sensor technology.