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Results 21 - 40 of 316.


Social Sciences - 03.06.2021
Bilingualism as a natural therapy for autistic children
Bilingualism as a natural therapy for autistic children
An international team led by UNIGE demonstrates that the characteristics of bilingualism allow autistic children to compensate for certain fundamental deficits. Affecting more than one in a hundred children, autism spectrum disorder is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. It has a particular impact on social interaction, including difficulties in understanding other people's perspectives, beliefs, desires and emotions, known as 'theory of mind'.

Materials Science - Health - 03.06.2021
Filter membrane renders viruses harmless
Researchers at ETH Zurich are developing a new filter membrane that is highly efficient at filtering and inactivating a wide variety of air-borne and water-borne viruses. Made from ecologically sound materials, the membrane has an appropriately good environmental footprint. Viruses can spread not only via droplets or aerosols like the new coronavirus, but in water, too.

Environment - 02.06.2021
Plastic waste in the sea mainly drifts near the coast
Plastic waste in the sea mainly drifts near the coast
A study conducted at the Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of Bern provides new insights into the pollution of the world's oceans with plastic waste. The modelling shows that most of the plastic does not end up in the open ocean, but beaches or drifts in the water near the coast.

Chemistry - 02.06.2021
Cutting-edge modelling methods from USI help unlock the secrets of porous material
Cutting-edge modelling methods from USI help unlock the secrets of porous material
Most materials have a seemingly smooth surface, but under high magnification, they reveal to be full of tiny holes or pores. Zeolites, in particular, have pores in different sizes that allow them to be used in a range of different applications like catalysis, the branch of chemistry that studies how to accelerate chemical reactions, a fundamental pillar for the chemical industry. However, many fundamental questions remain about what actually happens inside the pores of a zeolite and, more precisely, how water influences the overall behaviour of the system.

Pharmacology - Health - 02.06.2021
Replicating patients' tumours to test different treatments
Replicating patients’ tumours to test different treatments
UNIGE Researchers have developed in vitro tumour models that incorporate components of the tumour and elements of the patient's immune system to test the effectiveness of treatments. Every tumour is different, every patient is different. So how do we know which treatment will work best for the patient and eradicate the cancer?

Life Sciences - Health - 02.06.2021
Luring bacteria into a trap
Luring bacteria into a trap
Researchers at ETH Zurich and the University of Basel have developed a vaccine that protects animals from Salmonella . These bacteria often escape the effects of vaccination by genetically modifying their protective coat. The researchers have succeeded in manipulating this process to lure the bacteria into an evolutionary trap.

Computer Science - 02.06.2021
Mass scale manipulation of Twitter Trends discovered
Mass scale manipulation of Twitter Trends discovered
New EPFL research has found that almost half of local Twitter trending topics in Turkey are fake, a scale of manipulation previously unheard of. It also proves for the first time that many trends are created solely by bots due to a vulnerability in Twitter's Trends algorithm. Social media has become ubiquitous in our modern, daily lives.

Health - 02.06.2021
Researchers identify how to prevent cancer metastases
Metastases can develop in the body even years after apparently successful cancer treatment. They originate from cancer cells that migrated from the original tumor to other organs, and which can lie there inactive for a considerable time. Researchers have now discovered how these "sleeping cells" are kept dormant and how they wake up and form fatal metastases.

Life Sciences - Environment - 02.06.2021
Microbial biodiversity has a new dimension
Microbial biodiversity has a new dimension
Microbes self-organise to grow into fascinating and complex patterns. The diversity of these patterns depends on a previously unknown factor, as researchers at Eawag have discovered. This might re-define how we view the concept of microbial biodiversity. The microbes in our gut help us digest food, and help us to defend against pathogens.

Health - 01.06.2021
Covid-19 can trigger diabetes
Covid-19 can trigger diabetes
Some Covid-19 patients develop diabetes in the course of their infection. An international study with participation by the University of Basel has mapped how coronavirus attacks and destroys insulin-producing pancreatic cells. The researchers also identified a way to protect these cells. Diabetes is considered a risk factor in contracting a severe bout of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 01.06.2021
Protecting the IQ of people at risk for psychosis
Protecting the IQ of people at risk for psychosis
A team from the University of Geneva has found that a class of drugs can protect the development of intellectual abilities in people at risk of psychosis, if prescribed before adolescence. One person in 2000 suffers from a microdeletion of chromosome 22 that can lead to the development of psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, in adolescence.

Physics - Chemistry - 01.06.2021
Green light on gold atoms
Green light on gold atoms
Scientists at EPFL discover that laser-driven rearrangement of just a few gold atoms inside nanoscale antennas can be observed by the naked eye. Image: Plasmonic nano-antennas fabricated at EPFL: gold nanoparticles are deposited on a gold film covered with a layer of molecules. Light emission from defects near the film surface is strongly enhanced by the antenna effect, enabling its detection. Credit: Nicolas Antille (www.nicolasantille.com).

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.06.2021
The waters of the Zambezi: time to act
The waters of the Zambezi: time to act
The Zambezi River Basin in southern Africa is a high-quality waterscape. But current rapid development threatens the waters of the Zambezi, particularly its tributaries. The challenge will be to ensure that mitigation measures keep up with population and economic growth to avoid degradation of water quality degradation.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 31.05.2021
Looking deep into the universe
Looking deep into the universe
How is matter distributed within our universe? And what is the mysterious substance known as dark energy made of? HIRAX, a new large telescope array comprising hundreds of small radio telescopes, should provide some answers. Among those instrumental in developing the system are physicists from ETH Zurich.

Health - Pharmacology - 31.05.2021
Moving one step closer to personalized anesthesia
Moving one step closer to personalized anesthesia
Researchers have developed a device that can continuously measure the blood concentration of propofol - one of the main compounds used in anesthetics - in patients as they're being operated on. That will help anesthesiologists deliver more personalized doses. Anesthesia may be an exact science, but it's not yet fully personalized.

Innovation - Materials Science - 28.05.2021

Life Sciences - Physics - 28.05.2021
A deep dive into the brain
A deep dive into the brain
Researchers from ETH Zurich and University of Zurich have developed a new microscopy technique that lights up the brain with high resolution imagery. This allows neuroscientists to study brain functions and ailments more closely and non-invasively.   The way the human brain works remains, to a great extent, a topic of controversy.

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.05.2021
Online biomonitoring of WWTP wastewater
Online biomonitoring of WWTP wastewater
Treated wastewater can be continuously monitored online with the use of organisms. This gives operators of wastewater treatment plants and discharging industrial companies the ability to respond to acute pollution quickly. The Swiss Waters Protection Ordinance stipulates that substances that pollute water bodies as a result of human activity may not have any deleterious effects on the plants, animals and microorganisms living there or on how the water bodies are used.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.05.2021
Cell encapsulation could enhance antiviral vaccines
Cell encapsulation could enhance antiviral vaccines
A team from the UNIGE and the HUG has developed a new and effective anti-viral vaccination technique based on the cell encapsulation. Immunotherapy techniques developed in oncology to combat cancerous cells have great potential for fighting viruses. A research team from the University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG) and the University of Geneva , in Switzerland, in collaboration with MaxiVAX, a spinoff of both institutions, developed an innovative technology called "cell encapsulation".

Life Sciences - Health - 27.05.2021
Artificial Neurons Recognize Biosignals in Real Time
Researchers have developed a compact, energy-efficient device made from artificial neurons that is capable of decoding brainwaves. The chip uses data recorded from the brainwaves of epilepsy patients to identify which regions of the brain cause epileptic seizures. This opens up new perspectives for treatment.