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Results 41 - 60 of 200.


Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 12.06.2018
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Cancer: More targeted use of immunotherapy
Doctors are increasingly fighting cancer by stimulating patients' immune systems. SNSF-supported researchers have now discovered a method for predicting the likelihood of treatment success. Immunotherapy changes a patient's immune system to allow it to attack cancer cells and either destroy them or at least keep them from growing.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 11.06.2018
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
A single control center for sleep and wake in the brain
Until now, it was thought that multiple brain areas were needed to control sleep and wakefulness. Neuroscientists from Bern have now identified one single control center for the sleep-wake cycle in the brain. The findings are of great importance for finding new sleep therapies. Every night we spend several hours asleep and every morning we awaken to go about our lives.

Innovation / Technology - Physics / Materials Science - 11.06.2018
Silicon-perovskite solar cells achieve record efficiency of 25,2%
Silicon-perovskite solar cells achieve record efficiency of 25,2%
In Neuchâtel (Switzerland), researchers from EPFL and CSEM have combined siliconand perovskite-based solar cells. The resulting efficiency of 25.2% is a record for this type of tandem cell. Their innovative yet simple manufacturing technique could be directly integrated into existing production lines, and efficiency could eventually rise above 30%.

Physics / Materials Science - Chemistry - 07.06.2018
A nanotech sensor turns molecular fingerprints into bar codes
A nanotech sensor turns molecular fingerprints into bar codes
A new system developed at EPFL can detect and analyze molecules with very high precision and without needing bulky equipment. It opens the door to large-scale, image-based detection of materials aided by artificial intelligence. Infrared spectroscopy is the benchmark method for detecting and analyzing organic compounds.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 07.06.2018
Individual
Individual "Names" Reveal Complex Relationships in Male Bottlenose Dolphins
Male bottlenose dolphins retain their individual ‘names' well into adulthood. Similar to humans, this plays a central role in forming and maintaining complex social relationships, recent findings carried out by researchers at the universities of Zurich and Western Australia suggest. Dolphins form long-lasting alliances in which they give each other mutual support.

Life Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 06.06.2018
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
Stem-Cell Niche for 10 Billion Colon Cells a Day
The human intestine constantly renews itself. Alone in the colon - the last 1.5 meters of the gastrointestinal tract - 10 billion epithelial cells are replaced each day. The intestinal epithelium is the layer of cells that forms the lining of both the small and large intestine and is responsible for absorbing nutrients.

Social Sciences - 06.06.2018
Male Vervet Monkeys Use Punishment and Coercion to De-Escalate Intergroup Fights
Male Vervet Monkeys Use Punishment and Coercion to De-Escalate Intergroup Fights
Social species engage in a number of cooperative activities including hunting, raising offspring, defending the group against predators, and fighting with neighboring groups.

Innovation / Technology - 05.06.2018
Rules about Technology Use Can Undermine Academic Achievement
Rules about Technology Use Can Undermine Academic Achievement
Modern technologies such as computers, smartphones, TVs and gaming consoles are alleged to exert a variety of impacts, both positive and negative.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Transport - 05.06.2018
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Researchers compared the geographical distribution of nearly 3,700 Lausanne residents suffering from daytime sleepiness with the noise caused by road and railway traffic in those parts of the city at night. They found a clear correlation between the amount of sleepiness reported by residents and the level of nighttime noise in their neighborhoods.

Physics / Materials Science - 04.06.2018
Direct Coupling of the Higgs Boson to the Top Quark Observed
Direct Coupling of the Higgs Boson to the Top Quark Observed
On 4 July 2012, two of the experiments at the CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC), ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS) and CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid), reported independently the discovery of the Higgs boson. The discovery confirmed the existence of the last missing elementary particle of the Standard Model, half a century after the Higgs boson was predicted theoretically.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 04.06.2018
Blood formation: researchers engineer human bone marrow tissue
Blood formation: researchers engineer human bone marrow tissue
Researchers have developed an artificial tissue in which human blood stem cells remain functional for a prolonged period of time. Scientists from the University of Basel, University Hospital Basel, and ETH Zurich have reported their findings in the scientific journal PNAS. Every day in the bone marrow several billion blood cells are formed.

Physics / Materials Science - Electroengineering - 01.06.2018
Novel Insulators with Conducting Edges
Novel Insulators with Conducting Edges
Topology examines the properties of objects and solids that are protected against perturbations and deformations.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.05.2018
«Top of Europe
«Top of Europe" for greenhouse gas
The research station at Jungfraujoch is at the top of Europe - and not only because of its unique location. Within the framework of the European research infrastructure «Integrated Carbon Observation System» (ICOS), the laboratory in the heart of the Alps is now officially certified. ICOS provides data to better understand the global carbon cycle and how human activities affect it.

Physics / Materials Science - Medicine / Pharmacology - 30.05.2018
Hollywood in the Würenlingen woods
Hollywood in the Würenlingen woods
With the X-ray laser SwissFEL, researchers at PSI want to produce movies of biomolecules in action. This can reveal how our eyes function or how new drugs work. Luc Patthey stands next to a complicated arrangement of optical lenses, measuring instruments, countless cables, and a thin steel pipe. We're in Hollywood here.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 28.05.2018
Deciphering the language of cells using observation chambers
Deciphering the language of cells using observation chambers
EPFL researchers have developed an innovative label-free method for studying the behavior of single cells continuously and in real time. By placing a cell in a small chamber containing nanosensors and observing it over many hours, it is possible to identify the cell's unique personality and understand how it communicates.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Physics / Materials Science - 28.05.2018
Imaging the inside of injection needles with neutrons
Imaging the inside of injection needles with neutrons
PSI researchers help to understand why in pre-filled syringes, liquid medication can enter the needle inadvertently Researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, the University of Basel and the company F. Hoffmann-La Roche have found out why proper storage is crucial for syringes which are pre-filled with a liquid medication.

Sport Sciences - Physics / Materials Science - 28.05.2018
So that Ronaldo and Co. can «conjure»
So that Ronaldo and Co. can «conjure»
The official ball for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia has received Empa's «OK» after numerous tests. Some goalkeepers may be critical of its flight characteristics, but the reason for their criticism may lie somewhere else - the rather unconventional appearance of the new ball. Football lives on emotions.

Chemistry - Electroengineering - 25.05.2018
An elastic fiber set to revolutionize smart clothes
EPFL scientists have found a fast and simple way to make super-elastic, multi-material, high-performance fibers. Their fibers have already been used as sensors on robotic fingers and in clothing. This breakthrough method opens the door to new kinds of smart textiles and medical implants. It's a whole new way of thinking about sensors.

Environment - Business / Economics - 24.05.2018
EPFL analyzes the economic impact of three energy-transition scenario
A handful of EPFL laboratories teamed up to compare three energy-transition scenarios that vary in their use of fossil fuels and renewable energy and their energy efficiency. The study found that greater use of renewable energy, combined with more measures to enhance energy efficiency, would create more jobs in Switzerland and increase the country's energy independence without having any impact on the overall cost.

Physics / Materials Science - Life Sciences - 24.05.2018
New sensor can
New sensor can "feel" clothes
If you want to design a fluffy sweater or a sleek shirt, you have to predict the properties of textile surfaces.